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Nonsensical question "Cheating genetics" is a nonsensical concept. Genetics is not a game, nor does genetics impose any kind of ethical or morals rules that anyone is bound to follow. You cannot "cheat" when there are no rules to cheat against. The assumption that "natural" means "good" — and therefore in complement that "not natural" is "not good" — is ...


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Introductory remarks This is subject to debate and there is no definite answer. The general consensus is that no definite set of properties can possibly be given and if it is done, these sets are relative to the end they serve and the historical as well as the cultural context, i.e. we live in a "post-essentialist world" (Ramsey 2013) when it comes to the ...


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Natural selection applies just as much to your choices as to your appearance, in so far as your genes are concerned. If you make choices that alter your appearance and "win" accordingly (assuming "win" means able to successfully mate and pass on your genes), then any genes that had a role to play in forming your brain and thus influenced your mental ...


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My friend, evolution IS ALL ABOUT CHEATING! Life evolves to cheat the environment in which it’s found and the environment changes in kind. Cosmetic surgery is just another tool in the homo sapien’s arsenal. We can alter our appearance using technology. Women can alter their ability to have children using the pill. The fundamental difference in cheating ...


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You my friend, are not alone! And I for one congratulate you for seeking answers. You're also seeking answers in the right place. I had exactly the same experience and to some extent I still do, probably always will. But so do countless millions of others. Though this feeling is more common now (in fact it used to be called 'the modern disease') humans have ...


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Maria Kronfeldner rejects the possibility of an essentialist definition of human nature because biological evolution is a complex, dynamic and fluid process which produces populations rather than individuals, stable only in a specific time and place: given Darwinian ontology, there are no necessary and sufficient conditions for membership in a ...


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Answer Cheating and plastic surgery are cultural artefacts, genetics and looks are physical nature. You imply that the change of physical nature through culture was against human nature, that physical givenness (genetics, looks pre-surgery) is human nature. This is not the case. The change of their physical nature (natural givenness) is an expression of ...


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Whatever the date of origin of the concept of 'the noble savage', you might find Bruce G. Trigger's 'Reviewed Work(s): The Myth of the Noble Savage by Ter Ellingson', The International History Review, Vol. 24, No. 1 (Mar., 2002), pp. 136-137, of interest. Note his remarks on Rousseau. In a very compressed nutshell, and gently put, since Rousseau did not ...


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A part of the answer: It's true that: Rousseau did not invent the Noble Savage idea, which is much older (cf. below). It's also true that he never used the phrase “noble savage” (or “the good savage”) but his writing shows that he was clearly believing on it. He believed that humans in the state of nature were blissful, nonviolent, altruistic, and non-...


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Psychologists would probably argue this is partially due to cognitive dissonance - when your actions are contrary to established or held norms. The disconnect between what one knows is right vs actual action creates a state of stress that is absent when the action was a true mistake (or accident, because the agency is different).


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According to Terry Eagleton, what makes life meaningful is not metaphysical knowledge, but ethical living: (page 93) The meaning of life is less a proposition than a practice. It is not an esoteric truth, but a certain form of life. As such, it can only be really known in the living. What kind of ethical living leads to this meaningful life? He notes ...


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Reproduction is something of a biological imperative, which means that we will continue having babies unless there's good reason not to. A lot of our behavior is determined by biology, and any question about human behavior has to include it. With regard to (1) and (2), the odds are that a child will be healthy, and refraining from something that's probably ...


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Genetically if you modify the genome sufficiently to remove the homo sapien markers found in all homo sapiens then you have successfully created a non human being. Phenotypically it may have almost identical features. This begs the question as to whether a human being is merely the sum total of his biological machine/body or whether or not dualism allows ...


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I don't think we can or should set aside the demands of the ideal society, given that Socrates explicitly makes reference to the ideality of the city in several junctures where he's being pressed about the possibility of instantiating such a city. Moreover, the discussion of the just city is explicitly couched as an analogy for the discussion of the just ...


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The Republic - a provisional account of the soul (psuche) : complex or simple One point useful to note is that provisionality hangs over the Republic. The Sun, Line and Cave, for example, are similes or analogies in place of what Plato aka Socrates would prefer, if only he were able, to specify exactly. Just the same provisionality informs the account of ...


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I'm not sure this is about philosophy (maybe it's about psychology), but I would call this taking the path of least resistance, or least effort. From the Wikipedia article: The principle of least effort is a broad theory that covers diverse fields from evolutionary biology to webpage design. It postulates that animals, people, even well-designed ...


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Become immortal - blessing or curse? You come into existence and become immortal. You could extent this idea this way--'You come into existence from something mortal and become immortal'. From a mortal thing you become immortal. Is it reasonable? Become immortal....who/what? Body or soul? If the answer is 'body', it never happens for it is made up of ...


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So God created man in his own image...male and female created he them. And God saw every thing that he had made, and...it was very good. Although often sadly misinterpreted, Darwin's theory of evolution is a fascinating study of variation within species. He even spoke of hybridism. And when you think about it, any species that can evolve and regenerate or ...


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Natural selection makes people feel attracted to those that give them the best chance of propagating their genes, this is another way of saying that our standards of beauty are indicators of health. Now you're saying that making changes that affect your perceived beauty is "cheating" natural selection and you want to know how one would justify this. You ...


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Your post title: The powerful will always exploit the weak! Your question: How much of this statement is true? I would argue that it's false, based on the word "always." Is it absolutely impossible for a powerful individual, royal family or government to NOT exploit the weak? A leader with good ethical standards can help liberate a people from ...


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If the powerful exploit the weak, we might conclude that nature runs its course. But if humans have inalienable rights, then the natural course of things is an injustice. Justice demands that the weak not be deprived of their inalienable rights by the strong. To the extent that the weak's rights are upheld, we might say what's happening is "human". But I ...


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Rousseau and the state of nature The Discourse on the Origins of Inequality (1775) depicts the individual in the state of nature, which Rousseau believed once existed before systematic social organisation emerged and his account of which he regards as part-historical and part-conjectural (Franklin Philip: 53). The individual is presented as: ... ...


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I think that perhaps the biggest assumption you have made here is that genetics is the only piece that plays into natural selection of a species. While a person's genes certainly factor into an individual's health profile and provide a baseline for the physical appearance, humans also use artificial means to attract a mate. They are not alone in this ...


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