60 votes

Where is the line drawn on cheating Darwin/genetics? How does one accept this?

Nonsensical question "Cheating genetics" is a nonsensical concept. Genetics is not a game, nor does genetics impose any kind of ethical or morals rules that anyone is bound to follow. You cannot "...
MichaelK's user avatar
  • 5,144
15 votes

What essential properties make us human?

Introductory remarks This is subject to debate and there is no definite answer. The general consensus is that no definite set of properties can possibly be given and if it is done, these sets are ...
Philip Klöcking's user avatar
  • 13.9k
13 votes

Where is the line drawn on cheating Darwin/genetics? How does one accept this?

Natural selection applies just as much to your choices as to your appearance, in so far as your genes are concerned. If you make choices that alter your appearance and "win" accordingly (assuming "...
mtraceur's user avatar
  • 231
6 votes

Where is the line drawn on cheating Darwin/genetics? How does one accept this?

My friend, evolution IS ALL ABOUT CHEATING! Life evolves to cheat the environment in which it’s found and the environment changes in kind. Cosmetic surgery is just another tool in the homo sapien’...
WxGeo's user avatar
  • 61
5 votes

Are there secular philosophers who argue for predetermined and given meaning/value in life and essentialism?

Yes, there are such thinkers. I will mention four of them. One is Rene Guenon. He was a French philosopher from the 20th century, and he went against the grain of moderns thought as such. He thought ...
Dennis Kozevnikoff's user avatar
4 votes

How to live the present instead of just surviving?

You my friend, are not alone! And I for one congratulate you for seeking answers. You're also seeking answers in the right place. I had exactly the same experience and to some extent I still do, ...
Richard's user avatar
  • 366
4 votes

History of Noble Savage idea

A part of the answer: It's true that: Rousseau did not invent the Noble Savage idea, which is much older (cf. below). It's also true that he never used the phrase “noble savage” (or “the good savage”...
JinSnow's user avatar
  • 141
4 votes

History of Noble Savage idea

Whatever the date of origin of the concept of 'the noble savage', you might find Bruce G. Trigger's 'Reviewed Work(s): The Myth of the Noble Savage by Ter Ellingson', The International History Review, ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
  • 35.7k
4 votes
Accepted

The aggregate effects of human-human interaction

Your hypothesis cannot be proven or unproven not least because there is no accepted way to quantify the degree of 'goodness' in an individual interaction, nor any accepted calculus for determining an ...
Marco Ocram's user avatar
  • 21.4k
3 votes

How can we question someone, for their ethical behavior, if it's the result of an evolutionary process

The main reason which justifies punishment of evolved behaviours, is to impose a fitness cost upon harmful behaviours. It matters not whether the person is blameworthy for having been bestowed with ...
Steve's user avatar
  • 375
3 votes

What essential properties make us human?

Maria Kronfeldner rejects the possibility of an essentialist definition of human nature because biological evolution is a complex, dynamic and fluid process which produces populations rather than ...
Brian Z's user avatar
  • 1,292
3 votes

How to live the present instead of just surviving?

According to Terry Eagleton, what makes life meaningful is not metaphysical knowledge, but ethical living: (page 93) The meaning of life is less a proposition than a practice. It is not an esoteric ...
Frank Hubeny's user avatar
  • 19.4k
3 votes

Where is the line drawn on cheating Darwin/genetics? How does one accept this?

Answer Cheating and plastic surgery are cultural artefacts, genetics and looks are physical nature. You imply that the change of physical nature through culture was against human nature, that physical ...
Philip Klöcking's user avatar
  • 13.9k
3 votes
Accepted

How can nature without self-awareness and intelligence create living beings with self-awareness and intelligence?

Living organisms are examples of dissipative systems, like a wind-Zephyr, or the Red Spot storm on Jupiter. This general category, involves emergent structures that are sustained by their accelerating ...
CriglCragl's user avatar
  • 21.7k
3 votes

Nature of Values: Is There Such a Thing as a Universal Value?

The canonical answer is that according to a number of major linguists, anthropologists, biologists, and psychologists, human are not as diverse as they like to think themselves, and there are ...
J D's user avatar
  • 26.6k
2 votes
Accepted

Why do humans feel guilty?

Psychologists would probably argue this is partially due to cognitive dissonance - when your actions are contrary to established or held norms. The disconnect between what one knows is right vs actual ...
HEITZ's user avatar
  • 166
2 votes

Why do humans make infants?

Reproduction is something of a biological imperative, which means that we will continue having babies unless there's good reason not to. A lot of our behavior is determined by biology, and any ...
David Thornley's user avatar
2 votes

Can a human being not be a part of the human species?

Genetically if you modify the genome sufficiently to remove the homo sapien markers found in all homo sapiens then you have successfully created a non human being. Phenotypically it may have almost ...
Gordian Knot's user avatar
2 votes

What does Plato think of human nature in the Republic?

I don't think we can or should set aside the demands of the ideal society, given that Socrates explicitly makes reference to the ideality of the city in several junctures where he's being pressed ...
transitionsynthesis's user avatar
2 votes

If one can identify as transgender, can one identify as trans-age or trans-species?

I would approach this primarily as a political question. In the case of transgender people, it is very clear that we have a political movement demanding specific and concrete forms of recognition, and ...
Brian Z's user avatar
  • 1,292
2 votes

Which fallacy is it to justify doing something because the effect of one's own actions is small?

There is no fallacy here since a fallacy involves a logical error in reasoning and I can't see that your friend commits that. More than that, your friend's conduct is capable of defence on grounds ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
  • 35.7k
2 votes

Why did Nietzsche call Spinoza his 'precursor'?

Nietzsche sums it up pretty well: "he denies the freedom of the will" For Spinoza everything is caused by previous events in a strict determinism (Ethics book I), up to what he called &...
armand's user avatar
  • 6,305
2 votes

Why did Nietzsche call Spinoza his 'precursor'?

Nietzsche addresses this specifically in Section 15 of The Second Essay of the Genealogy of Morals. He says: This fact once Came insidiously into the mind of Spinoza (to the vexation of his ...
transitionsynthesis's user avatar
2 votes

Can there be war between male(humans) and female(humans) in distant future?

Dystopias of humanity splitting into two hostile, biologically distinct groups are common in science fiction (Eloi and Morlocks in “The Time Machine” by H. G. Wells). And the idea of a war between men ...
viuser's user avatar
  • 4,761
2 votes
Accepted

Are people naturally cooperative or selfish?

Short Answer Are people naturally cooperative or selfish? Or both? Or both! But cooperation is not a question. No one disputes humans are a social animal. What you be better off asking after is 'are ...
J D's user avatar
  • 26.6k
2 votes

How to act smartly so that people don't take you for granted?

View it without the lens of friendship. If a person seeks you out only when they need help, and offer nothing in return (the sharing of the good times, as you put it) then they are using you as ...
Kosm's user avatar
  • 41
2 votes
Accepted

Humans’ goodness and happiness in hippies’ philosophy

Dealing with the first question It seems to me that for the hippies, humans are inherently good, ... Is it correct? On one level this touches on the opposing views of Hobbes vs. Rousseau. Hobbes ...
Chris Degnen's user avatar
  • 5,837
2 votes

Is human nature a problem for Marxists?

The short answer is: through the dialectic, or the process of the action and reaction of historical materialist processes. Hegel's picture of the dialectic was the manifesting of Absolute Idealism, ...
CriglCragl's user avatar
  • 21.7k
2 votes

Is human nature a problem for Marxists?

The short answer, no. "Human nature" does not cause any sort of problem for marxism. For more information look into "The Leviathon" by Thomas Hobbes or modern (after 1980s) studies ...
TCoff's user avatar
  • 365

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