78 votes

Does human life have innate value over that of other animals?

Social contract One aspect (not the only valid aspect, but the one I'll be covering here) of looking at this is from the social contract angle. In essence, since we live in communities together with ...
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  • 1,202
51 votes

What arguments are there for considering forced sterilization a human rights violation? Rather than not consider it?

Forced sterilisation is mutilation, eugenics is inequality The case is a simple one to make: I own my body By owning my body I have an exclusive right to decide what happens to it; I am the sole ...
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  • 4,816
28 votes

Does human life have innate value over that of other animals?

You have the situation entirely backwards. It's not that we give humans special privileges but that we don't try to engineer the interactions of animals the same way we try to engineer the ...
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25 votes

Does human life have innate value over that of other animals?

IMO your question addresses an important ethical problem. First one can ask: Does human life have indeed innate value over that of other animals? In my opinion, the answer is no. Human life does not ...
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13 votes

Does human life have innate value over that of other animals?

Innate or intrinsic value is a kind of value such that when it is possessed by something, it is possessed by it solely in virtue of its innate or intrinsic properties. (Ben Bradley, 'Two Concepts of ...
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13 votes

Does human life have innate value over that of other animals?

Religion and philosophy are of course not the same thing, but there is a lot that overlaps, and given that for a lot of people in the world, religion has a profound effect on their personal philosophy,...
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  • 371
8 votes

Would a theoretical decision maker subscribing to the following principles decide against human abortion?

All personal opinions aside: Accepting these principles as given would argue fairly unambiguously against abortion in most situations. However, they do not necessitate a blanket judgment of "...
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6 votes

What arguments are there for considering forced sterilization a human rights violation? Rather than not consider it?

I would think the most basic argument here is that forced sterilisation is a particular kind of battery - i.e., it involves the forcible damaging of the body, against the will of the victim. So the ...
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  • 1,722
6 votes

What arguments are there for considering forced sterilization a human rights violation? Rather than not consider it?

First of all it's important to understand that Human Rights are defined by western people who found a common basis in their (our) western beliefs across different (western) religions and ideologies. ...
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5 votes

Does a person have the freedom or the right to not work?

Some of this obviously depends on how one defines "work." There are obvious examples in history of people that are considered "virtuous" who didn't have a job that provided them with income, if that'...
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5 votes

What philosophers argued that human rights can be forfeited?

Locke, to whom the doctrine of human rights is often traced, supported the idea that the human rights can be forfeited when a human is "revolting from his own kind to that of Beasts". In other words, ...
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5 votes

What philosophers argued that human rights can be forfeited?

You posit that the culpable actions of an individual make the individual forfeit her basic rights. You ask what would be the name of the moral principle equivalent to your posit. The harm principle ...
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5 votes

Does human life have innate value over that of other animals?

Why does human life have innate value over that of other animals? In my opinion, you just answered your own question. Observe: If you want the why of it answered in a more detailed and analytical ...
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4 votes

Would a theoretical decision maker subscribing to the following principles decide against human abortion?

With regard to this assertion: science tell us "A human fetus is both alive and human" While the above true, it does not necessary follow that a fetus is a human life. There are other entities ...
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4 votes

Is "human dignity" sufficient to be a "foundational value"? Why?

I think this question raises genuine difficulties about dignity as a foundational value. The term, 'dignity', is entrenched in moral and political theoretical discourse but is hardly used outside it. ...
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3 votes

Does the potential to be an intelligent life not qualify an organism as being equally valuable?

There are two claims here: 1 - Intelligence is what makes human life valuable. 2 - The potential for intelligence is as decisive as the actuality of intelligence. Neither claim is universally ...
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3 votes

Is an AI the kind of entity that would qualify for basic human rights?

The question seems to boil down to this... Is an AI the kind of entity that would qualify for basic human rights? What qualifies humans for rights? The arguments I've seen include rationality and ...
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3 votes
Accepted

Is forced labor without pay under poor work conditions , slavery?

Even forced labor with excellent working conditions and high pay is slavery. "Forced" is all it takes. However, the question is somewhat blunted by the under-scrutinized question of what rights ...
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  • 524
3 votes

If you know something has the potential to be sentient is it unethical to intentionally prevent it from gaining sentience?

Unlike many things, personhood is binary. Is it torture to grate a carrot that you pulled from your garden moments ago? Provided the science fictioney premise that things you make could attain ...
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3 votes

Is it immoral to kill a philosophical zombie?

That depends on what the problem is with killing people: A Deontologist could argue that the zombies have no inherent duty of care, being entirely imaginary entities, and so declare Open Season ...
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3 votes

Requirements for human-rights

Human rights are a political concept that is asserted to be philosophically self-evident by politicians. In normative ethics, there is no general agreement about natural rights and on who should be ...
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2 votes

What is the Difference Between Human Rights and Natural Rights?

"Natural rights" refer to the right to do (and it is by the nature of being human that humans have rights, which is how "human rights" and "natural rights" get equated). "Human rights" as used in the ...
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  • 524
2 votes

Is property an absolute or utilitarian right?

From the context of your question, I think you are referring to the concept of personal property (a single human being owning something), which stands in contrast to concepts like communal property, ...
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  • 1,062
2 votes
Accepted

Death penalty or isolation

Acquinas has a compelling position: The act of self-defense may have two effects, one is the saving of one's life, the other is the slaying of the aggressor. Therefore this act, since one's ...
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2 votes
Accepted

What is the name of the idea that humans are granted rights?

Natural law - a system of right or justice held to be common to all humans and derived from nature rather than from the rules of society, or positive law. At certain point it was considered the most ...
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  • 290
2 votes
Accepted

Does a person have the freedom or the right to not work?

My first idea is that everyone does not work...society will collapse This is a Kantian type argument; what's usually known as the categorical imperative. You've shown that people cannot not work ...
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2 votes

Would a theoretical decision maker subscribing to the following principles decide against human abortion?

Premise 1 doesn't protect against other interests being more valuable than that of human life (and it's structure seems to imply that a utilitarian type of approach is warranted). Thus, without ...
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  • 5,128
2 votes

What is the relation of natural rights to human rights ?

Natural rights encompasses human rights. Humans are, after all, a component of nature. I would add the diagram, but couldn't do it now, as I am having problems attaching the pictures. To get back to ...
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