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10 votes

How does Berkeley justify existence of other minds?

This issue is addressed in Berkeley's Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge, especially 145 and 148, and there is some disagreement as to what the nature of his argument is. Some take ...
Conifold's user avatar
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7 votes
Accepted

Was Plato an idealist or a realist?

Both Plato and Gödel were mathematical platonists. Both held that mathematical objects existed abstractly and outside of spacetime. This is what we would call mathematical realism. This position is ...
Lothrop Stoddard's user avatar
6 votes
Accepted

What is Hegelian dialectic of good and evil and how does it relate to binary opposition in structuralism?

There is no "synthesis" in Hegel, it is Fichte's term later adopted by Marx and Engels. Hegel specifically discards Fichte's thesis-antithesis-synthesis triad and replaces it with his own: ...
Conifold's user avatar
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6 votes

If all we see is the sensible world, what are the proofs to affirm that matter exists?

If all we perceive is the sensible world, how can we ensure that something like matter exists? Even if we could make sure that matter exists, what would it be? I take the example of the matrix film, ...
RonJohn's user avatar
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6 votes

Should a solipsist get life insurance?

Assuming they are properly convinced (ie they do not admit the possibility of being wrong) there are two reasons. Firstly, some life insurance policies pay out early if the insured is certified by ...
Marco Ocram's user avatar
6 votes

Should a solipsist get life insurance?

Epistemological and methodological solipsism both roughly maintain that only one's own existence can be demonstrated to exist (the former maintains it as a belief, whereas the latter maintains it ...
NotThatGuy's user avatar
6 votes
Accepted

Should a solipsist get life insurance?

The payout may never come, but the illusory beings around them don't know that Imagine our solipsist is married with a child. Although the solipsist does not believe that their spouse and child exist ...
Unrelated String's user avatar
6 votes

Realism and idealism

'Realism' is used in different ways depending on the context and on what it is being contrasted with. For example, when speaking of realism with respect to properties or universals, realism is ...
Bumble's user avatar
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5 votes

How does Schopenhauer maintain idealism without God?

Berkeley populated the world with entities, ideas, which were in their essence perceptions. Berkeley's famous formula was "esse est percipi", to be is to be perceived. Those perceptions, the ideas, ...
Ram Tobolski's user avatar
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5 votes

How does Schopenhauer maintain idealism without God?

The World Will, primordial, blind, and irrational, "holds the world together" in Schopenhauer's philosophy. It doesn't do a very good job of it, but then he was not called the father of pessimism for ...
Conifold's user avatar
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5 votes

Was Plato an idealist or a realist?

The main thing happening here is a shift in the meaning of terms. Specifically, the word "realist" has had many many different uses over time. The basic idea is that a realist believes something is ...
virmaior's user avatar
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5 votes

What would it mean for time not to be real?

'Time is not real' should be understood not as the claim that you do not experience time, but rather time is constructed by our brains and is not strictly speaking physical. From the SEP article Time: ...
J D's user avatar
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5 votes

Are there good examples of regular life being theory-laden?

All the observations we make with our eyes are laden with a bunch of assumptions about the behaviour of light and color. We assume light goes straight, and that's how we infer the physical position of ...
armand's user avatar
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5 votes

Are there several types of mind-independence?

A falling tree creates some blast – besides other effects. If there is nobody in the wood, then nobody perceives the blast as sound. Sound is the subjective experience in our mind, while blast is an ...
Jo Wehler's user avatar
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4 votes

What is the relation between Spirit and Time in Hegel?

The wording in your quote and the wording in the questions are a bit different, but I'll do my best to address both. First I'm going to extend the quoted bit a little and bring the language of one of ...
virmaior's user avatar
  • 24.8k
4 votes

What's the role of "idealistic" philosophies of well-regarded scientists?

I will present a possible explanation for why the fiercest defenders of natural sciences often ended up with the most idealistic metaphysics in the history of the philosophy of science: Science is ...
Philip Klöcking's user avatar
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4 votes

What does Husserl say about 'space'?

Mature Husserl is usually seen as a mild anti-realist, but this is largely due to the maxim that phenomenology should be neutral (agnostic) on metaphysical matters because it is the data it produces ...
Conifold's user avatar
  • 43.5k
4 votes

What does "mind-independent" mean in Hegel?

TL;DR It hinges at what we understand under "mind" and "independent". Since spirit can only become as instantiated in individual objects apprehended by minds - coming back into ...
Philip Klöcking's user avatar
  • 14.4k
4 votes

If all we see is the sensible world, what are the proofs to affirm that matter exists?

Assuming you believe that perception requires a material substrate (just how we think perceiving requires the brain, or a computer), then you can reason as in Descartes and say that the fact you ...
Fox Mulder's user avatar
4 votes

If all we see is the sensible world, what are the proofs to affirm that matter exists?

Berkeley's immaterialist arguments are quite interesting. And since philosophy does not defer entirely to experimental "proof," metaphysical arguments can't be flat out "proven" or ...
Nelson Alexander's user avatar
4 votes

If all we see is the sensible world, what are the proofs to affirm that matter exists?

Another approach is semantic externalism: "meanings aren't in the head". Hilary Putnam argued for it: Imagine a planet mostly the same as Earth, but with no H2O, only a alternative substance ...
J.G.'s user avatar
  • 734
4 votes

If all we see is the sensible world, what are the proofs to affirm that matter exists?

Short answer: We can't know that something like matter exists. You are perfectly right, we only experience our sensible world, and there is nothing to prove that there is more behind our perception ...
cmaster - reinstate monica's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

How did German idealism influence Early German romanticism?

To give a precise univocal definition of German Idealism is rather difficult since the doctrines put forth by Kant in 1781 are of a very different nature to the Hegelian doctrines that culminate this ...
Elizabeth's user avatar
4 votes

If George Berkeley was an Anglican bishop, how his master arguments can be against biblical teachings which states that matter exists?

George Berkeley may not have been too bothered by contradictions in the theories he propounded. Serious problems with his character were explored in a series of papers by Clare Moriarty: Moriarty, ...
Mikhail Katz's user avatar
  • 1,509
4 votes

Why were the founders of quantum mechanics idealists?

I suppose one of the reasons for their idealism1 is a particular interpretation of quantum mechanics, which also happens to be the commonly accepted one. Basically, it suggests that the state of the ...
Yuri Zavorotny's user avatar
4 votes

Are there good examples of regular life being theory-laden?

For me, this calls to mind the story of Wittgenstein and how natural it is to come to the "observation" of a geocentric cosmos. "Tell me," Wittgenstein's asked a friend, "why ...
leoger's user avatar
  • 141
4 votes

Are there several types of mind-independence?

If a tree falls in the forest when no one is around, does it make a sound? This question is asked to highlight that the word 'sound' has two meanings, that is, it is polysemous. One meaning of 'sound'...
J D's user avatar
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3 votes

Which contemporary philosophers are idealists?

In "The Vindication of Absolute Idealism", Timothy Sprigge uses what strikes me as a quintessential analytical style of argument to establish what he calls "absolute idealism". Bravo! Brilliant. Tough ...
William Pennat's user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

Why do current academics refuse to acknolwedge idealism as viable?

These are unsourced, but are too long to post as comments: Idealism, when explained very briefly or over simplified, sounds too much like various New Age ideas along the lines of "it's all in the ...
Alexander S King's user avatar

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