98 votes

What is the moral difference between abortion and infanticide?

A toddler can (with a minimal amount of assistance) continue living and developing on its own. Setting aside that you underestimate the cognitive capacities of infants, an infant is a fully formed and ...
Ted Wrigley's user avatar
  • 19.3k
29 votes

What is the moral difference between abortion and infanticide?

There's no one answer to your question, because this is a live debate, and different thinkers have very different moral intuitions about it. Traditional Catholic theology represents perhaps the ...
Chris Sunami's user avatar
  • 29.4k
24 votes

Are identical sets distinct objects?

In math we've decided that if two sets have exactly the same elements then they are the same set. This is taken to be one of the fundamental properties of the mathematical conception of sets, and it ...
JonathanZ's user avatar
  • 520
21 votes
Accepted

Why is it wrong to answer a question with a tautology? Isn't "2+2" correct when answering 'What is "2+2"'?

The unstated assumption is that the person asking the question is asking for an answer that is in the simplest form. "What is 2+2?" could better be expressed as "What natural number is ...
Bumble's user avatar
  • 24.1k
20 votes

What is the moral difference between abortion and infanticide?

First, a toddler is a child in the technical sense approximately between 12-36 months year old. If you're looking for a counter argument to your specific wording: Some would say you can abort a ...
J D's user avatar
  • 25k
19 votes

Why is it wrong to answer a question with a tautology? Isn't "2+2" correct when answering 'What is "2+2"'?

The teacher's goal when asking is not merely to obtain a correct answer (spoiler alert, because they already know the answer), but for the students to demonstrate knowledge, in order to make sure the ...
armand's user avatar
  • 6,093
19 votes
Accepted

Why is a set with one element distinct from the element itself?

In computing, there are data models (such as the XPath data model used for XML) in which an item and a singleton collection containing that item are treated as indistinguishable. You can build a ...
Michael Kay's user avatar
18 votes

Why is it wrong to answer a question with a tautology? Isn't "2+2" correct when answering 'What is "2+2"'?

Short Answer When you use talk about "expressions" and "objects" to which they refer, you are in the domain of semiotics, linguistics, and the philosophy of language. Semioticians ...
J D's user avatar
  • 25k
18 votes

Why is a set with one element distinct from the element itself?

One reason why this is true is because there is such a thing as the empty set - the set with no elements at all. Consider a set X that contains only the empty set, and nothing else. How many elements ...
Dawood ibn Kareem's user avatar
14 votes

Are identical sets distinct objects?

If two things are identical, shouldn't they point to the same thing, not separate identical things? This sounds like a computer science question, not a philosophy question. In math and philosophy, it ...
Kevin's user avatar
  • 1,890
11 votes

Why is the identity predicate needed?

The standard approach in predicate logic is to use names to identify things, and predicates to identify properties. Samuel Clemens is a name, not a property. It is possible to do as you suggest and ...
Bumble's user avatar
  • 24.1k
10 votes

What is the moral difference between abortion and infanticide?

To answer the question in the title, the matter of abortion revolves around two aspects: the killing of a developing human and the capacity to which a pregnant woman has bodily autonomy. So a moral ...
Cell's user avatar
  • 1,154
9 votes
Accepted

Why should we care about personal identity?

The question of personal identity falls under the general heading of metaphysics, and so one answer to your question(s) is: We study the question of personal identity for whatever reason we study ...
Alexander S King's user avatar
9 votes

What is the moral difference between abortion and infanticide?

I'll offer an emphatic answer by Philip K. Dick. Wikipedia claims without corroboration that it is a response to the 1973 Supreme Court decision Roe vs. Wade. In his chilling story "The Pre-Persons"1 ...
Peter - Reinstate Monica's user avatar
8 votes
Accepted

What would be the implications if the equality of opposites was true?

Did Heraclitus believe in the identity of opposites? I do not think so. He is popularly quoted as having said, No man ever steps in the same river twice. But what he actually said is quite ...
Luís Henrique's user avatar
8 votes

Why am I this particular human being?

You could be interested in reading the IV chapter of The view from Nowhere, by Thomas Nagel, since it's all about this topic. His arguments are related to the issue of a subjective/objective view, but ...
Francesco D'Isa's user avatar
8 votes

Why is it wrong to answer a question with a tautology? Isn't "2+2" correct when answering 'What is "2+2"'?

Language is about communication, not formal logic. Most of the time, a question is asked to gain information. Usually, the information desired is about the subject of the question (e.g. “When's the ...
wizzwizz4's user avatar
  • 2,092
8 votes

What are the philosophical solutions to "ship of Theseus" problem of identity?

The Ship of Theseus is one of the more illuminating thought problems in philosophy, and it having been around for something like 2500 years indicates how insightful the early Greek philosophers were. ...
Dcleve's user avatar
  • 12k
8 votes

How does one determine the boundary of an object?

It's a pragmatic thing more than a linguistic thing. If you want to go to the store, you think about your car If your car won't drive, you think about what part of it is at fault: engine, ...
Ted Wrigley's user avatar
  • 19.3k
8 votes

Why is a set with one element distinct from the element itself?

You may consider a collection as a container: Apparently a thing included in a container is different from the thing without container. Aside: Set theory provides operations to handle sets (= ...
Jo Wehler's user avatar
  • 28.4k
8 votes

Why is a set with one element distinct from the element itself?

Why do we need a zero when it's conceptually the same as nothing? Because zero, as a number, has very different properties from being nothing at all. The reasoning is similar about the empty set ...
Niklas Rosencrantz's user avatar
7 votes
Accepted

Is steam necessarily ice?

Ice is H2O in solid state, and steam is H2O in gaseous state, so neither is H2O simpliciter and necessarily (or even actually) the other. The correct versions will be "the material of ice is ...
Conifold's user avatar
  • 42.8k
7 votes
Accepted

Are these random experiments the same?

Mathematics kinda "solves" this identity problem right from the start by an axiomatic definition. In that it usually states that fair coins are indistinguishable from each other. So any fair ...
haxor789's user avatar
  • 5,450
7 votes

Are these random experiments the same?

Consider the difference between heads and tails, typically the heads side will have slightly more weight in the middle, because of the imprint of a head there. But then the question is, how many coin ...
CriglCragl's user avatar
  • 21.2k
6 votes
Accepted

The Immortal Jellyfish

Welcome to SE Philosophy! This is what is known in philosophy as a question of identity and is related to the metaphysical discipline of ontology, or the study of what is. In essence, identity is the ...
J D's user avatar
  • 25k
6 votes

"v = 1 m/s": predicate or relation? Any literature?

The statement "The ball is red" can be rewritten with subject-predicate form: "Red(ball)" where "Red( )" is a predicate (a property predicated of something) and "ball" is the subject (an object of ...
Mauro ALLEGRANZA's user avatar
6 votes

Are these random experiments the same?

A key fact in this hypothetical experiment is the idea that flipping one coin right next to another coin being flipped will not affect the outcome. This allows the case where n coins are flipped once ...
niels nielsen's user avatar
6 votes
Accepted

Is everything identical to itself, or merely every existing thing?

Some philosophers treat x=x as coextensive with "x exists". In some formal work, they actually define "x exists" as x=x. On the other hand, this could also be viewed as pushing the ...
David Gudeman's user avatar
5 votes

Does a transgender person become a different person after transitioning?

Philosophy makes a distinction between the identity of material objects* (and immaterial objects if those are thought to exist) and what is called "personal identity." From the Stanford ...
Not_Here's user avatar
  • 2,841

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