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For posts concerning Induction, an analytical method that makes predictions of future results based on observations of past behavior.

What questions should have this tag? Questions having this tag may concern the skepticism of David Hume (1711-1776) that past experience can ever predict anything about the future; The Problem of Induction; Immanuel Kant’s reply to Hume; Karl Popper’s use of induction to describe the scientific method; and The Uniformity Principle, which says that future events will indeed resemble past similar events.

Some basic definitions. Inductive reasoning contrasts with deductive reasoning. Deduction describes the present; induction predicts the future. René Descartes defined deduction as “inference of something as following necessarily from some other propositions which are known with certainty.” In inductive reasoning, existing data is known to that certainty; but the future is not.

Introduction. Modern discussion of induction begins with the skepticism of Hume, who held that past experience can never predict anything about the future, except to the extent that one begins with the assumption that past experience can predict things about the future. Hume’s analysis gave rise to The Problem of Induction; that the inductive method apparently rests upon circular reasoning.

Learning more. The Problem of Induction, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/induction-problem/