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I don't see "pattern" or "prediction" in any of the answers so far, and only one instance of "explain". Unlike deduction, which is always at least as correct as the given facts, induction and abduction both rely on probabilities. But those probabilities are used in quite different ways. With inductive reasoning, one takes patterns and by interpolation or ...


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Fundamental reference : Chance , Love and Logic by C.S. Peirce ( at archive.org). See: Part I, chapter 6 " Deduction, induction and hypothesis"). Peirce is the one who coined this term " abduction". See also : article " reasoning" ( by Peirce) in Baldwin's dictionary of philosophy and psychology. Short answer Both are "ampliative"; but while induction ...


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As far as I understand it, an inductive inference is any inference that is non deductive, essentially meaning an argument in which the premisses can be true whilst the conclusion is false as the premisses do not necessarily entail the conclusion, whereas in a deductive inference the premises must always entail the conclusion. An abductive inference is simply ...


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My question is if it's fine to make statements like "all swans are things that are probably white". Because it also seems like this is the same thing as saying "some swans are white". All swans are things that are probably white" and "some swans are white" differ in quantity -- "all" vs "some." Moreover, the predicate-terms "things that are probably white" ...


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(1) All the swans observed until today were white. (2) Therefore, all swans are white. This is a strong inductive reasoning ( although the conclusion is false). When I reason like this, I'm not looking for the "probable color" of swans, but about the color of swans. I mean I am not looking for a probability. It seems to me that the probability is ...


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You have asked about using the term 'probably' in this post. Yes, you can use any word at all in a proposition if it's meaningful. There are different types of logic such as syllogistic, sentential, FOPC, and modal for starters, and some are more sophisticated than others. Ultimately, when analyzing language, one chooses a logic depending on what is ...


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