6 votes
Accepted

Have I got Saussure's distinction between the form and substance right?

Saussure is playing with two traditional dicotomies : the aristotelian : form/matter (their union is the substance) and the "(traditional) linguistic : form/content. See CLG, Ch.4: [ page 156 ] La ...
user avatar
5 votes
Accepted

What is the relation between interpretation and explanation in social sciences?

The topic you've raised is intricate indeed. Except for the two approaches you mention towards the social sciences - interpretation (advocated by anti-naturalists) and (nomological) explanation (...
user avatar
  • 1,655
4 votes
Accepted

Thus spoke Zarathustra, "Even the wisest among you is only a conflict and mix of plant and ghost"

You won't find a definite, unambigious answer. Here's my stab at it. Context: in the third prologue, Zarathustra is teaching the people about the Übermesch. A human is somewhere between a monkey and ...
user avatar
  • 1,100
4 votes
Accepted

How are you intended to interpret x.R and x.S in Davidson "Truth and Meaning"?

The phrase x̂(x=x) means 'the x such that x=x'. This is just a way of forming a singular term that refers to something. The . is conjunction ('and'). So x̂(x=x.R)=x̂(x=x) is logically equivalent to ...
user avatar
  • 6,455
4 votes

What are some movements and schools inspired by Wittgenstein's philosophy?

Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations indeed is a foundation for a school of thought in sociology, called social constructionism (or constructivism). One field in sociology is identity question,...
user avatar
4 votes

Why forgive philosophers for bad writing skills?

Why do we excuse the engineer who can't write well enough to document their code? Why do we excuse the scientist who is too messy to find their own data? Why do we excuse the artist who can't sell ...
user avatar
  • 17.3k
3 votes
Accepted

What did Parmenides mean when he argued that there can be no change and no time?

It is curious that Parmenides's argument seems wrong today while back in the day someone as expert as Plato thought that it was obviously right. Indeed, one of the drives behind Plato's system was ...
user avatar
  • 40.8k
3 votes

What does this quote mean about Plato's Cave?

"Does [Selfish desire has no place in the pure aesthetic experience] mean that purity comes with the consequence of selflessness? That if one is clean and pure they must be selfless?" No, no, no. the ...
user avatar
3 votes

Does Art require an Audience?

The rejection of everything outside of the present is a theme in Nietzche's thinking. He believed in those "quarter hours" of sublime introspection when all diversions are forgone in pursuit of ...
user avatar
3 votes

How to evaluate an argument based on the claim that "intent doesn't matter"?

For me the missing information is whether there is an objective or obvious reason to prefer one interpretation over the other, absent knowledge of intent. If B's interpretation has the stronger ...
user avatar
3 votes

How to evaluate an argument based on the claim that "intent doesn't matter"?

The original sentence was "wasteful." Both parties agree that it would have been better if A had said the correct meaning in the first place. However, resources were expended in the confusion. If ...
user avatar
  • 17.3k
3 votes

What is the philosophical status of interpretations of a scientific theory?

An interpretation of a theory, in particular quantum theory, is said to be an account of what that theory is saying about the world that can be cleanly separated from the theory's predictions. People ...
user avatar
  • 7,053
3 votes
Accepted

What is the philosophical status of interpretations of a scientific theory?

Aside from minimal interpretations, which simply relate theoretical abstractions to empirical/practical procedures, interpretations are typically treated as philosophy/metaphysics. As such they can be ...
user avatar
  • 40.8k
3 votes

How does one avoid getting bogged down in minutiae when reading philosophy

My suggestion is to try to read proactively. If you're getting bogged down and taking overly copious notes, that tells me that you're reading passively: taking each passage as it arrives on the page, ...
user avatar
2 votes

What does 1 John, 4:19. imply?

I interpret that statement formally as: If we love God, then it is because God loves us first From that point of view "We don't love God" does not imply that God does not love us. Most ...
user avatar
2 votes

Does Art require an Audience?

I am not familiar with Nietzsche's concept of monological art, but purely on the basis of the question, I find it either obscure or patently absurd. If anything, an overreaction to Wagner's ...
user avatar
2 votes
Accepted

How should one interpret Camus' quote about the "vanity of experience"?

This is an example of what can be called associative narration, that is common in the texts of continental tradition in philosophy to which Camus belongs. Its aim is to foster understanding rather ...
user avatar
  • 40.8k
2 votes

Thus spoke Zarathustra, "Even the wisest among you is only a conflict and mix of plant and ghost"

Even the wisest=everybody plant=being tied to physical world, man is partly on the remorse of his surroundings ghost=individual's quest and need for meaning; expressing and cultivating inborn ...
user avatar
2 votes

What did Parmenides mean when he argued that there can be no change and no time?

I am not familiar with the research literature, but the given interpretation does not make sense to me. And this for two reasons. First, the opinion of the so called "mortals" is an entirely marginal ...
user avatar
  • 7,201
2 votes
Accepted

Introspection to look for what I'm missing

Without knowing anything more about your life, I would agree with you that your life has many of the external features of "good life": you are busy, you are fit, you are productive, your relationships ...
user avatar
2 votes

Nietzsche: Beyond Good and Evil: Aphorism 89

The German original reads: Fürchterliche Erlebnisse geben zu raten, ob der, welcher sie erlebt, nicht etwas Fürchterliches ist. The translation is not bad as such. Maybe a better possibility to put ...
user avatar
  • 11.1k
2 votes

What does the emergence of different interpretations of Wittgenstein signify?

If you want to understand the situation around Wittgenstein's work, you are going to have to study it. I put a list of resources, and introductory remarks to his work, in this post here: Introductory ...
user avatar
  • 10.8k
2 votes
Accepted

What does the emergence of different interpretations of Wittgenstein signify?

What does the emergence of different interpretations of Wittgenstein signify? I'm going to answer the question from a different angle: the competition of interpretations have nothing to do with ...
user avatar
  • 11k
2 votes
Accepted

Sentential Interpretation in P. Suppes (1957)

Suppes is using some rather dated terminology here. It is not so common today to speak of sentential interpretations in the way Suppes defines them. In particular, Suppes is not using the term '...
user avatar
  • 15.7k
1 vote

Is 'interpretation' in quantum mechanics the same as 'interpretation' in probability?

I heard all 'interpretations' of quantum mechanics give exactly the same answer to every measurement so they are all equally correct. It is common for physicists to say that the interpretations all ...
user avatar
  • 7,053

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible