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Searle soon simplified his CRA. The Chinese ideograms are the computer input (eg from digital sensors) and the English symbols are the program. The key is that the meaning of a symbol does not come with the symbol, and all the computer ever gets is the symbol (is a purely formal or syntactic device). It is forever a prisoner in a universe of mere shape ...


I would encourage you to read the very original paper (here is a copy) ... If you read this from the very beginning, you'll find that Searle's use of three different batches of symbols is really in specific response to Roger Schank's computer program that answers questions about stories given to it. Searle writes: Very briefly, and leaving out the ...

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