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5 votes

Mill's Proof and Nozick's Experience Machine

Excellent question. J.S. Mill regarded the Greatest Happiness Principle as the moral truth. The principle states that "actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they ...
Nanhee Byrnes PhD's user avatar
5 votes
Accepted

Harm Principle and the Trolley Case

The volenti non fit injuria maxim (who consents is not wronged) is quite distinct from the harm principle. First, it is a principle of law rather than morality, and second, if we were to search for ...
Conifold's user avatar
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4 votes

What were the "paradoxes of Rousseau"?

Mill refers to Rousseau's upsetting the consensus of the Enlightenment that the modern spirit of commerce makes people more "civilized" with his theory of "natural goodness" of ...
Conifold's user avatar
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3 votes
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Was John Stuart Mill really influenced by the romantics?

Biographical sources confirm that young Mill was influenced by romantic thinkers, like Coleridge. See J.S. Mill: Life: "Mill suffered, aged twenty, a “mental crisis”.Though such episodes were to ...
Mauro ALLEGRANZA's user avatar
2 votes

Mill's proof of utilitarianism: moving from the individual to the aggregate

Your criticism of Mill is right under the social choice perspective. The general happiness is warranted only if the lexical order of preferences of individuals is the same. I like Chinese over Mexican,...
Nanhee Byrnes PhD's user avatar
2 votes

Is John Stuart Mill's quality/quantity of pleasure distinction consistent with utilitarian hedonism?

I agree: the adjective Victorian is inappropriate for Mill. And not only for the reason that you pointed out. Mill can, as a matter of fact, be better described as anti Victorian! Consider the given ...
Ram Tobolski's user avatar
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2 votes
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Gun control and classical liberalism

**Gun control - just what are we talking about ?' Many of us assume that we must either oppose or support gun control. Not so. We have a range of alternatives. Even this way of speaking ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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2 votes
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John Stuart Mill " On Liberty" Chapter 1 Introductory

1 Is your suggestion that either of these sentences might replace Mill's own final sentence or is it that it should be added to the chapter ? 2 I should have thought that, if a new sentence were ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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2 votes

Is there any act utilitarian philosopher?

The act- and rule-utiitarian distinction It does not follow, because Richard Brandt first formulated the distinction, that therefore utilitarian philosophers had not recognised a distinction long ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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2 votes
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What's the meaning of "Intermediate Generalizations"?

Welcome, Atlanticontiki. A fuller quotation will help: The corollaries from the principle of utility, like the precepts of every practical art, admit of indefinite improvement, and, in a progressive ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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2 votes

According to Utilitarianism, how do we define greater good?

Utilitarianism is driven by "what is useful or designed for use" (Webster's definition for utility). While mass genocide might be useful for those who remain, it is not beneficial for those ...
Christopher's user avatar
1 vote

Question about Kenny’s critiques on Mill’s logic

For the first question, it depends exactly how one defines syllogism; see this other question for variations. Presumably Kenny means to exclude reasoning "modulo equational theories", e.g. ...
got trolled too much this week's user avatar
1 vote

For Mill, is all speech ethical so long as it doesnt conflict with the harm principle?

Your questions are broad and vague. In general, yes, he was an advocate for the “state policy” of maximal freedom, including freedom of “ thought and expression.” Globally, he believed “That the ...
gonzo's user avatar
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1 vote

Mill's methods - logic

Long comment In order to use so-called Mill's Methods, IMO the issue is how to "model" the problem. Assume that we have a certain set of known murders, meaning that we know the respective ...
Mauro ALLEGRANZA's user avatar
1 vote

Examples of inductivist theories of ethics?

For the purposes of any such theory, we take it as read some general laws are known empirically, various famous problems of induction notwithstanding. Mill, in particular, saw induction as a major ...
J.G.'s user avatar
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1 vote

Is there a version of the "harm principle" geared toward individual's actions?

From what I can tell, the Harm Principle is about involvement of a powerful third party (or at least outside party), and the ethics limiting that party's authority over individual liberty. Actions ...
Michael's user avatar
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1 vote
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Reconciling Utilitarianism and Rawls's Theory of Justice as Fairness

I could only scan the question and unfortunately can send only very first thoughts: To me, it seems that a position related to yours exists under the label "prioritarianism". C.f. https://plato....
Andreas Schütz's user avatar
1 vote

How did Wordsworth's poetry cure J.S. Mill (medical?) depression?

Mill speaks of a 'mental crisis' and this has associations different from 'medical psychiatic depression'. There I agree with you totally. Etinson as you have quoted him does not satisfy me. It's all ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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1 vote

What are some cases that involve moral themes?

Moral dilemmas are always a good source of fiction or exercise of the moral imagination. You might get some ideas by adopting and adapting any of these storylines : https://www.buzzfeed.com/...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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1 vote
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What is an appropriate way to solve a Mill's method table, if it exists?

Here is the best I could come up with: C is the cause, but E negates C. This is what we know. (A+C+D) = Event (A+D) = No Event (B+C) = Event (B+E) = No Event Those two pairs isolate C as the ...
Mark Andrews's user avatar
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1 vote

Mill's Proof and Nozick's Experience Machine

What is happiness or pleasure??? Depending on the answer, you question can be either meaningful or meaningless. Philosophers have offered at least four different answers. happiness = hedonistic ...
Nanhee Byrnes PhD's user avatar
1 vote

Mill's proof of utilitarianism: moving from the individual to the aggregate

The 'Utilitarianism' (1861/63), ch. 4 quote reads in full : 'No reason can be given why the general happiness is desirable, except that each person, so far as he believes it to be attainable, ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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1 vote

Did Easterlin paradox and Scitovsky joyless economy disprove utilitarianism?

Answer: No, Scitovsky's view does not disprove utilitarianism. On the contrary, utilitarianism, interpreted appropriately, vindicates that Scitovsky's intuition in Joyless Economy is correct. I ...
Nanhee Byrnes PhD's user avatar

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