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45 votes

Why should an atheist care about what happens to the world after his/her death?

Consider someone who doesn't believe in any kind of reincarnation or perfect punishment after death, an atheist. That is, nothing in the world can impact him/her after his/her death, because, as he/...
33 votes

Why should an atheist care about what happens to the world after his/her death?

Aristotle (who wrote well before the rise of the Christian notions of a soul or eternal life) addressed this question in terms of virtue. As he saw it, a community of men were like sailors on a ship, ...
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23 votes

Is it wrong to fly on holiday?

Your approval of the behaviour, has a global impact. It's about universalisability, the categorical imperative. See Is the Categorical Imperative Simply Bad Math? :) I'd say there is s good comparison ...
  • 14.5k
12 votes

Why should an atheist care about what happens to the world after his/her death?

The classification of what is and isn't self, and thereby death as a boundary, is an arbitrary one. Would you ask why an individual cell of your body "cares" about what happens to you after ...
10 votes

Is there any moral reasoning behind punishment?

Plato has Socrates make the argument that punishment, when it is just anyway, actually improves the individual. So if you’ve done wrong you should want to be punished so you can improve. To say the ...
  • 9,173
10 votes

Why should an atheist care about what happens to the world after his/her death?

I would counter by asking why believing in a god implies optimism? I would argue there are several cults or small religious sects which believe in no afterlife and/or consider the future to be grim. ...
9 votes

Why should an atheist care about what happens to the world after his/her death?

Why should an atheist care about what happens to the world after his/her death? Each human being cares or does not care about particular things, but there is no reason that anyone should care about ...
  • 5,305
8 votes

Why should an atheist care about what happens to the world after his/her death?

I find the "should" in this question rather interesting, as I don't feel that this is a fixed requirement. We may get to a position in the future where the idea that we should look after ...
  • 181
8 votes

Why should an atheist care about what happens to the world after his/her death?

There are plenty of philosophical hoops you can jump through to justify actions that will help future generations after your own death, but I think the real world answer why atheists behave ...
  • 661
7 votes
Accepted

Who was first to say that justice is "to give each his due"?

This is an English translation of the Latin motto suum cuique, alternatively translated as "to each their own" or "may all get their due". The phrase was popularized by Cicero in ...
  • 41.7k
7 votes

Is there any moral reasoning behind punishment?

There are 2 main justifications for punishment used in modern philosophy. Consequentialism The idea is that punishing criminals deters them and others from doing crimes in the future. One of the ...
  • 961
6 votes
Accepted

Do descendants bear moral responsibility for the actions of their ancestors?

The title describes what is known as the doctrine of ancestral fault, with blood vengeance as an extreme manifestation. It was common in archaic societies, but was pushed out with the establishment of ...
  • 41.7k
6 votes

Is there any moral reasoning behind punishment?

One can make the case for the need to compensate the injustice of the wrong-doer having an advantageous position with respect to the victim of the harm if no punishment is applied. A possible ...
5 votes

Why should an atheist care about what happens to the world after his/her death?

Hume famously said that "Tis not contrary to reason to prefer the destruction of the whole world to the scratching of my finger", by which he meant that, if we make abstraction of our ...
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4 votes

Why are equality and fairness valued so highly?

First of all, there are many forms of equality: Racial equality, gender equality, equal opportunity, economic equality, etc...you seem to be mostly concerned with economic equality. Second, based on ...
4 votes

Why does Aristotle believe that friends of virtue need no justice?

Aristotle is well aware that one can act justly towards those with whom one is not friends, even to one's worst enemies. But why should friends not need justice ? Surely I can cheat a friend ? Don't I ...
  • 35.1k
4 votes

Is it wrong to fly on holiday?

I argue that my actions cannot be causally associated with harm. All other aspects about climate change aside, here's your error, from a philosophical point of view. As a thought experiment, assume ...
  • 1,279
4 votes

Why should an atheist care about what happens to the world after his/her death?

Après moi, le déluge is a well-known attitude, which is definitely practiced by some members of human society. The attitude reflects giving priority to one's own benefit (one's own survival, pleasure, ...
  • 1,244
3 votes

Does natural justice exist in this world?

Natural justice is technical terminology for the rule against bias (nemo iudex in causa sua) and the right to a fair hearing (audi alteram partem). Yes, natural justice is used in practice when ...
3 votes

Rawls and the Categorical Imperative

I think one cannot derive the veil of ignorance from Kant's Categorical Imperative. Both do not contradict, but they follow different aims. Rawl's veil of ignorance is a means to generate fair ...
  • 20.7k
3 votes

How might you apply John Rawls' theory of justice as fairness to the issue of privacy and security?

Perhaps it helps to keep in mind that behind the veil of ignorance, you never know what position in the society you may get. So there is a motivational drive to weigh the respective gains and losses ...
  • 12.8k
3 votes
Accepted

How does Aristotle analyse justice in Nicomachean Ethics, V?

▻ Quotations are from the J.A.K. Thomson, H. Tredennick, J. Barnes translation listed under Reading. In Nicomachean Ethics ('NE') V, Aristotle first distinguishes what is usually translated as ...
  • 35.1k
3 votes
Accepted

Why do we punish crime?

There's several interlocking questions you're raising. First, there are three major theories of why we punish crime as a society. You've identified two: Reform - that the punishment is about ...
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3 votes
Accepted

What is wrong in the reasoning that someone's accidental death is justified by his troubled past?

The logical flaw in justifying someone's accidental death in view of their troubled past is the non-sequitur. It's like saying they deserved to die because penguins live in the Antarctic; there is no ...
3 votes
Accepted

Is Justice a step above Equity?

Equity (ἐπιείκεια, epikeia) is a virtue and part of justice by which one judges when it is bad to follow the law, and [when] it is good to set aside the letter of the law and to follow the dictates ...
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3 votes

Is it wrong to fly on holiday?

I argue that my actions cannot be causally associated with harm An awful lot of our actions cause harm. Like CO2 emissions cause climate change, climate change causes harm and we are causing CO2 ...
  • 2,652
3 votes

Why should an atheist care about what happens to the world after his/her death?

To love and to care are unrelated to religions or atheism. Caring is innate and natural, while believing in a religion and also atheism are a rational exercises. Humans love and care for others beings ...

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