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1 vote

Is it epistemologically self-consistent to use the scientific method to justify some beliefs and non-scientific justifications for others?

Not really. Science doesn't lead to beliefs. Science leads to informed, supportable, repeatable/reproducible coherent conclusions. Beliefs are not typically conclusions, but instead are typically ...
Alistair Riddoch's user avatar
2 votes

Is it epistemologically self-consistent to use the scientific method to justify some beliefs and non-scientific justifications for others?

I would argue that it may be "possible" (or, rather, "non-problematic") in some cases, but that, as a general and practical consideration, no, it's not consistent. Or, rather, it's ...
FrancoisTheFrenchOne's user avatar
5 votes
Accepted

Is it epistemologically self-consistent to use the scientific method to justify some beliefs and non-scientific justifications for others?

You begin your question with the term 'epistemological self-consistency'. I believe that such a term simply reduces to rationality, thus we can re-write, particularly paraphrasing the latter half of ...
J D's user avatar
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6 votes

Is it epistemologically self-consistent to use the scientific method to justify some beliefs and non-scientific justifications for others?

Assertion: I probably ought not leave the Mona Lisa in the middle of a busy road. This is a claim I have never subjected to direct experiment. Indeed, it is a hypothesis I never intend to test. Even ...
Josiah's user avatar
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5 votes

Is it epistemologically self-consistent to use the scientific method to justify some beliefs and non-scientific justifications for others?

Is it consistent? It depends... One would need to address consistency on a method-by-method basis. But if we're talking about the general principle: If one uses the scientific method for some S but ...
NotThatGuy's user avatar
4 votes

Is it epistemologically self-consistent to use the scientific method to justify some beliefs and non-scientific justifications for others?

It's not necessarily inconsistent to have beliefs justified by different methods. It's part of the human condition that life sometimes requires to make decisions based on beliefs which cannot be based ...
tkruse's user avatar
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1 vote

Under physicalism, should I still be sad if my murdered wife is replaced with a perfect clone?

The answer to this question heavily depends on the cultural norms and mores in place. In a world where cloning deceased individuals is accepted and normalized, the initial sadness over your wife's ...
Yann Marchal's user avatar
0 votes

Under physicalism, should I still be sad if my murdered wife is replaced with a perfect clone?

Under physicalism, should I still be sad if my murdered wife is replaced with a perfect clone? If you are unaware that she has been murdered, you will take the clone to be your real wife, and you ...
Speakpigeon's user avatar
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4 votes
Accepted

Under physicalism, should I still be sad if my murdered wife is replaced with a perfect clone?

No, under physicalism there is no rational justification for that. However, humans may feel differently, and no need to invoke any killing. Just consider catching the winning home run baseball of some ...
tkruse's user avatar
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3 votes

Under physicalism, should I still be sad if my murdered wife is replaced with a perfect clone?

We are emotional beings. We may come to some conclusions through reason, but reason doesn't prescribe how you "should" feel (but it could affect your feelings). Emotions are a-rational. ...
NotThatGuy's user avatar
0 votes

Is belief in abiogenesis justified under evidentialism and process reliabilism?

My two cents opinion: The matter of "abiogenesis" depends heavily on what we consider "life" or "living" to be (*). This is the main point. In other words, genesis or ...
Nikos M.'s user avatar
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3 votes

Is belief in abiogenesis justified under evidentialism and process reliabilism?

The way you are asking is hard to answer because you are asking about "belief in abiogenesis". Abiogenesis is not a proposition, it is just a term. Let's construct some propositions: Thesis ...
AnoE's user avatar
  • 3,005
2 votes

What sorts of beliefs can be justified non-scientifically?

Justification is supposed to be a process that shows some idea to be true or good or assign some positive status to it. Any argument uses assumptions and rules that are supposed to give true results ...
alanf's user avatar
  • 8,044
4 votes

Is belief in abiogenesis justified under evidentialism and process reliabilism?

It's not belief in abiogenesis.. because there is no detailed candidate explanation to "believe"...(YET). Abiogenesis is the name we use to describe the event that we cannot yet describe in ...
Alistair Riddoch's user avatar
9 votes

Is belief in abiogenesis justified under evidentialism and process reliabilism?

Abiogenesis literally just means "life arising from non-life." The term does not inherently place any restrictions on how this process played out, how quickly it happened, or at what time it ...
Kevin's user avatar
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11 votes
Accepted

Is belief in abiogenesis justified under evidentialism and process reliabilism?

The wikipedia article cited in the question clearly states: The prevailing scientific hypothesis is ... Meaning currently, science makes only weak claims about this being the current hypothesis, as ...
tkruse's user avatar
  • 4,774
1 vote

What sorts of beliefs can be justified non-scientifically?

Additionally to the provided answers: All knowledge derived from Holism. excerpt from Wikipedia: "Holism in all contexts is often placed in opposition to reductionism, a dominant notion in the ...
Laurence R. Ugalde's user avatar
2 votes

Can a reliabilist have a reliably justified belief in God?

Yes, of course, reliabilism is a relativistic approach, and pretty much any belief can be justified that way, given the right conditions. As an example, a member of a cult will typically be restricted ...
tkruse's user avatar
  • 4,774
4 votes

What sorts of beliefs can be justified non-scientifically?

Justification through science is about reliability. There isn't a categorical difference between science and non-scientific sensory experiences. For the purposes of this question, science can broadly ...
NotThatGuy's user avatar
-2 votes

Are two persons equally rational in choosing different dogmatic stopping points in their chains of justification as per the Münchhausen trilemma?

The Manchhausen "trilemma" states that circular arguments are unsatisfying: The circular argument, in which the proof of some proposition presupposes the truth of that very proposition... ......
Alistair Riddoch's user avatar
1 vote

Are two persons equally rational in choosing different dogmatic stopping points in their chains of justification as per the Münchhausen trilemma?

Are X and Y equally rational, no matter what dogmatic assumptions they adopt as their stopping points? What if X, for example, decides to adopt theistic dogmatic assumptions, whereas Y decides to ...
Max Maxman's user avatar
4 votes

What sorts of beliefs can be justified non-scientifically?

Can I be justified in believing in a proposition X through a justification that doesn't meet the standards of the scientific method? This is dependent on your notion of justification, though given a ...
Max Maxman's user avatar
7 votes

What sorts of beliefs can be justified non-scientifically?

There are no universally acceptable criteria for justifying our beliefs. If there had been, we would all agree on which beliefs are justified. In principle, though, everybody would probably agree that ...
Speakpigeon's user avatar
  • 8,173
1 vote

Are two persons equally rational in choosing different dogmatic stopping points in their chains of justification as per the Münchhausen trilemma?

Munchausen's trilemma explains that if you are trying to justify your ideas, show they are or good or whatever, then you have a choice between (1) infinite regress of justifications (2) dogmatism ...
alanf's user avatar
  • 8,044
13 votes

What sorts of beliefs can be justified non-scientifically?

Ethical and moral beliefs are justified but they are non scientific. Aesthetic beliefs , metaphysical beliefs , epistemological beliefs , religious beliefs , intuitive beliefs , cultural and social ...
SacrificialEquation's user avatar
2 votes

What sorts of beliefs can be justified non-scientifically?

The challenge, "For what?" is often issued on this site to any request for or issuance of a definition, rule, concept, etc. Because, it is the important aspect of those things. One part of ...
Scott Rowe's user avatar
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4 votes

What sorts of beliefs can be justified non-scientifically?

There is no easy or simple answer to that question, possibly the question needs more focus to be answerable. The area of philosophy dealing with this is called Epistemology. It provides significant ...
tkruse's user avatar
  • 4,774
0 votes

Are there non-scientific ways to have a justified belief in levitation?

Good question. Personally, I do believe in levitation without "scientific evidence". The problem is what exactly constitutes as "scientific evidence"? Well, scientific evidence is ...
PonderChrist's user avatar
1 vote

Are two persons equally rational in choosing different dogmatic stopping points in their chains of justification as per the Münchhausen trilemma?

If, "There is an epistemological trilemma, with its horns being these inferential sequences of these relatively specific kinds, such that..." is used as a premise in an argument, then is not ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
1 vote

Are there non-scientific ways to have a justified belief in levitation?

Are there non-scientific ways to have a justified belief in levitation? Yes. This way is referred to in general terms as Faith. In particular, see Faith beyond (orthodox) theism : Can there be faith ...
Vector's user avatar
  • 489
3 votes

Are there non-scientific ways to have a justified belief in levitation?

Yes, there are many ways to justify a belief. Wikipedia helpfully lists 12 of them under the title of "Theories of justification". To let me pick a few... Reliabilism – A belief is ...
AnoE's user avatar
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