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5

Conifold's answer is correct in relation to Modern China. But from my understanding, Ancient China uses a variety of words to describe their "philosophers". For example, in the Spring and Autumn Period (春秋), philosophers are addressed by their last name followed by the word "子”. So, Confucius is called "孔子”, or Master Kong. Mencius is addressed as "孟子", or ...


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The introduction to Jeniffer Liu's 2016 thesis The Problem of Philosophy in Classical Chinese Thought goes in depth into the genesis of Chinese terms associated with philosophy, and shades of meaning surrounding them. The older term that referred to the works of classical masters was zǐ shū, but its identification with philosophy is controversial: "A ...


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