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What is the contrast between Hume's and Locke's philosophies of science?

There are two related major differences between Locke and Hume, their focus and their conception of science. Locke's is focused on the knowledge new experimental science provides, he is interested in ...
Conifold's user avatar
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Who was the Philosopher who said to jump into the fire if you think it is not real?

How about this? The celebrated Arab commentator Avicenna (ibn Sīnā, 980–1037) confronts the LNC [Law of Noncontradiction] skeptic...: “As for the obstinate, he must be plunged into fire, since ...
Mark Andrews's user avatar
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6 votes

What is the difference between the idea of the "social contract" in Hobbes and Locke?

The source of differences between Hobbes’ and Locke’ social contracts is their differing conceptions of the state of nature. For Hobbes absolute freedom is all that individuals have in the state of ...
Nanhee Byrnes PhD's user avatar
5 votes

Difference between Locke's Primary and Secondary Qualities

See An Essay Concerning Human Understanding : Book II, Chapter VIII by John Locke. Primary qualities of bodies. Qualities thus considered in bodies are, First, such as are utterly inseparable from ...
Mauro ALLEGRANZA's user avatar
4 votes

Is syllogism an inference rule?

Not exactly. We can consider the propositional valid argument called Hypothetical syllogism as a (derived) rule of inference. We call it "derived", because in standard presentations of propositional ...
Mauro ALLEGRANZA's user avatar
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Empiricism out the door

David Hume wrote this line in his character Cleanthes's voice, in Part One of Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion: Whether your scepticism be as absolute and sincere as you pretend, we shall ...
ChristopherE's user avatar
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4 votes

Locke's psychology : reference request

I'm not sure that there is anything that's exactly what you need but you might consult: Locke's Ideas of Mind and Body (Routledge Studies in Seventeenth-Century Philosophy) Han-Kyul Kim ISBN 10: ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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John Locke's historical context of Two Treatises of Government

Welcome rorod8 Two contexts Locke's Two Treatises of Civil Government have a double historical context - the context in which they were written, mainly the early 1680s, and the context in which they ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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"Idea of Power" - Locke and Hume

Locke on power There is a useful exposition by Michael Ayers : The idea of power is formed as follows: The mind . .. concluding from what it has so constantly observed to have been,...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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3 votes

What is John Locke's basic idea of individuality?

You are comparing across the centuries two philosophers with different preconceptions. But I think I detect the core of your question; I offer the following answer. Textual references are to ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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3 votes

Locke's labor theory of property and population growth

Background Locke's justification of the right to private property is based on the Christian paradigm, as evidenced by the citations from the Bible in his work. The question that Locke wanted to ...
Nanhee Byrnes PhD's user avatar
2 votes

How does Locke's realism differ from Kant's realism?

One additional note. Kant explored the a priori nature of interpreting the external world as more or less limited to the human understanding internally, whereas Locke didn't dispute that "things-in-...
Ronsword's user avatar
2 votes

Those who hold that only immaterial substances can think, must show why personal identity CANNOT be preserved in the change of immaterial substances?

Locke is discussing the "confutation" of materialism from a dualist point of view, like that of Descartes. The key-point of D's metaphysics is the mind-body distinction: [T]here is a great ...
Mauro ALLEGRANZA's user avatar
2 votes

Locke and thinking of the soul

The apparent need of the soul to always think, that Locke struggles with, seems to reflect the influence of Descartes (Locke was born in 1632, 36 years after Descartes). It was Descartes's influential ...
Ram Tobolski's user avatar
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Is syllogism an inference rule?

Locke's views on the syllogism are nuanced. out of four possibilities he selects two roles that it can fulful. Both are inferential : He does not totally reject the deductive mode of reasoning. ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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2 votes

How is experience different for Locke and Hume?

I should say that some fairly significant differences separate Locke and Hume. 1 LOCKE : 'Experience : in that all our knowledge is founded'. But for Locke experience has a dual nature; it has two ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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2 votes

What exactly is the philosophical genealogy of racism, in particular Locke and Hume?

Addressing this topic on any SE site has proven to be particularly interesting; this users' questions and answers relating to "race" have been deleted at both History SE and Politics SE; which should ...
guest271314's user avatar
2 votes

What exactly is the philosophical genealogy of racism, in particular Locke and Hume?

Michael James provides a survey of the history of racism prior to Hume. He mentions that proto-racism may have been present among the ancients based on work by Benjamin Isaac and Denise McCoskey: ...
Frank Hubeny's user avatar
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2 votes

Is there any inconsistency in Berkeley's philosophy?

A major problem Berkeley would face today was actually solved in his time with what I would actually consider one of the most elegant solution to a philosophical argument ever proposed. In a famous ...
E Tam's user avatar
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Question on Locke and Hobbes's views on private property

Both Hobbes and Locke were responding to a particular problematic of the 17th century. At that time, commoners were beginning to develop substantial wealth, through foreign adventures, commercial ...
Ted Wrigley's user avatar
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2 votes

Who originally made a coherent argument that government is inevitable because in "anarchy" a government would come about anyway?

I think the closest you'll find to an origin is Jean-Jacques Rousseau and his Social Contract theory. Both Hobbes and Locke thought that anarchy was the natural state of mankind — though granted, ...
Ted Wrigley's user avatar
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1 vote

What exactly is the philosophical genealogy of racism, in particular Locke and Hume?

Racism conceptualised Racism rests on two basic assumptions: that a correlation exists between physical characteristics and moral qualities; that mankind is divisible into superior and ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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1 vote
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What did John Locke intend to say by 'talk in a road'?

I doubt if 'who walk in a road' has special significance. Locke's idea appears to be that children have a capacity and tendency to ask deep and basic or just awkwardly demanding questions, through ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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1 vote
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Locke's Anarchy versus Marx's Anarchy

This is pretty key to especially political philosophy. Contrast Hobbes' vision that the 'state of nature' was a war of all against all, to Rousseau's view of (essentially) the noble savage. Their ...
CriglCragl's user avatar
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Most respectable in conservatism

A standard view of conservatism is that it is committed to preserving the status quo, the existing state of things. This view could have a variety of supports. One is that the status quo is more ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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1 vote

Is syllogism an inference rule?

"So now I'm asking myself, is syllogism to be considered (still considered) an inference rule?" What exactly Locke means to have us consider is not in every way obvious. Generally speaking, the ...
Gonçalo Mabunda's user avatar
1 vote

Is syllogism an inference rule?

The classical syllogism was a linguistic entity, and mathematical logic did not exist until the period 1845-1850. The classical syllogism refers to a form of an argument depending on the placement ...
Logikal's user avatar
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What is the difference between the idea of the "social contract" in Hobbes and Locke?

The nature of the social contract is the question here, not the state of nature - though this has background relevance. An old text - Pollock's - is highly illuminating. Hobbes's Original Contract ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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1 vote

Empiricism out the door

Maybe Hume? Slightly similar Where am I, or what? From what causes do I derive my existence, and to what condition shall I return? Whose favour shall I court, and whose anger must I dread? What ...
Franz's user avatar
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