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9 votes

Do logically incoherent statements still have meaning?

My reading of Carnap's "The Elimination of Metaphysics Through Logical Analysis of Language" suggests to me that it is possible to form sentences in a language that are grammatically correct but ...
Alexander S King's user avatar
6 votes
Accepted

Rudolf Carnap's opinion about free will

Carnap was a comptabilist. From the Carnap's "Philosophical Foundation of Physics" as quoted in the "Cambridge Companion to Carnap" p 303: Free choice is a decision made by some one capable of ...
Alexander S King's user avatar
6 votes

Deductive reasoning & conditionals

It would be worthwhile distinguishing between a conditional sentence in the object language and a conditional in the metalanguage. Some deductive arguments have a conditional in the object language, e....
Bumble's user avatar
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5 votes

Is Karl Popper a logical positivist?

Usually Karl Popper is credited with having contributed to the death of logical positivism, so no, I wouldn't say Karl Popper is a logical positivist. That being said, many analytic philosophers ...
Adam Sharpe's user avatar
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4 votes

Should Wittgenstein be given partial credit for Gödel’s incompleteness theorem?

No. Kurt Godel was interested in philosophy his whole life, his 2 favorite philosophers were Kant and Husserl. There is no historical evidence that his incompleteness theorems were influenced by ...
Dennis Kozevnikoff's user avatar
4 votes

What does it mean to say that the relation between evidence and hypotheses is "syntactic"?

The author you quote seems to be oversimplifying, but it is possible to understand some work of the logical positivists as an attempt at a purely syntactic approach to expressing the relation between ...
Bumble's user avatar
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4 votes
Accepted

Why can we not reduce necessity to analyticity?

The OP is very close to Quine's considered view of necessity, as e.g. in Pursuit of Truth: "In respect of utility there is less to be said for necessity than for the propositional attitudes. The ...
Conifold's user avatar
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4 votes

Why do people hide the assumption contained in the philosophical zombies question/idea?

You say that the first para of the SEP article include the words "[Zombies] are exactly like us in all physical respects but without conscious experiences". Clearly the 'but' implies that we ...
Marco Ocram's user avatar
  • 23.6k
4 votes

Is this a more unequivocal way to make an analytic v synthetic distinction?

Your proposed definitions would not address Quine's objections at all. For one thing, Quine is just as opposed to the concept of a priori knowledge as he is to analytic truth. For another, he rejects ...
Bumble's user avatar
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3 votes

A question on logical positivism and pragmatism with regards to meaning of a statement

A) Suppose ‘the best form of government’ means ‘the form of government that is most effective in implementing policies that benefits people’. Whether the sentence in this question is meaningful ...
Bread's user avatar
  • 2,340
3 votes

Is it possible to dissolve the hard problem of consciousness?

Logical Positivists tried to pretend that they did not have internal experiences, and that all observations don't involve first person experience. They also tried to pretend that we have direct ...
Dcleve's user avatar
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3 votes

Is it possible to dissolve the hard problem of consciousness?

What if consciousness is not about qualia at all? Simply having an experience (of blue skies, etc.) does not make one conscious of having that experience. A cat has (and learns from) experience. A p-...
Yuri Zavorotny's user avatar
3 votes

What is the distinction between positivism and logical positivism?

No, it's not. The basic ideal of positivism, both old and new, was to purify science by eliminating from it all speculation (the positivists identified all speculation with "metaphysics", in a ...
Ram Tobolski's user avatar
  • 7,411
3 votes

What is the relationship between Scientism and Logical Positivism?

1) Concerning Logical Positivism see Audi, Robert (Ed.): The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy: “logical positivism, also called positivism, a philosophical movement inspired by empiricism and ...
Jo Wehler's user avatar
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3 votes

Is Hume's Fork self-refuting?

It would seem that Hume considered his own philosophical enquiries to fall squarely on the side of "experimental reasoning concerning matter of fact and existence". This is spelled out in the ...
Ram Tobolski's user avatar
  • 7,411
3 votes

What are the accomplishments of critical theory vs. logical positivism

I'm afraid this question misconstrues the nature of Logical Positivism and its relationship to the sciences and philosophy. Logical Positivism did not yield "all the progress in the natural science ...
Ted Wrigley's user avatar
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3 votes

What are the accomplishments of critical theory vs. logical positivism

This answer is really over simplified, but other answers have ample detail. I want to give you a bitesize version of why this question is slightly wrong headed, and that the two examples in question ...
Daniel Prendergast's user avatar
3 votes

Is Karl Popper a logical positivist?

The quick and easy answer to your question is no. In fact, Popper was a critic of logical positivism. From WP on Popper: Here, he criticised psychologism, naturalism, inductivism, and logical ...
J D's user avatar
  • 28.4k
3 votes

The relationship between Rationalism and logic

Logical positivism may not be the perfect label, actually according to Hempel who's one of its major figures during its heyday in last century, it should be more properly called logical empiricism as ...
Double Knot's user avatar
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3 votes

The relationship between Rationalism and logic

This is a bit subtle. I'm guessing "case of knowledge justified through reason alone" is pointing to the Kantian conception of mathematics as synthetic a priori knowledge. Frege really ...
got trolled too much this week's user avatar
3 votes

Is there such a thing as a moral statement?

"You acted wrongly in stealing that money" could be interpreted as: You stole that money. A reasonable, fully-informed person would prefer to live in a society with a social norm such that ...
causative's user avatar
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3 votes

Why do people hide the assumption contained in the philosophical zombies question/idea?

So my question is, does the philosophical zombies question/idea contain a hidden assumption and why (if/because it does) is this assumption (that normal humans are conscious and have qualia) not ...
J D's user avatar
  • 28.4k
3 votes

Factual and linguistic propositions

Perhaps some other examples might make the distinction clearer. If I say (Sentence 1) 'Armenians begins with an upper case A and has nine characters' I am talking about the word 'Armenians'. If I say (...
Marco Ocram's user avatar
  • 23.6k
2 votes

Who/what was Horkheimer referring to when he said that "Reason, in destroying conceptual fetishes, ultimately destroyed itself."?

I do not think that Horkheimer is referring specifically to neo-positivism. Compare with : Max Horkheimer & Theodor Adorno, Dialectic of Enlightenment: Philosophical Fragments (1944-1947). The ...
Mauro ALLEGRANZA's user avatar
2 votes

Rudolf Carnap's opinion about free will

The book is called "An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science": books.google.fr/books?id=bkbCAgAAQBAJ See chapter 22 for the parts about free will. (The whole book is great though!) It was based ...
Timo van Kerkoerle's user avatar
2 votes

Do logically incoherent statements still have meaning?

Maybe Carnap was trying to recreate the process of thinking represented in the Tractatus - but he does not seem to have recognised the contradiction of dissolving the sense in metaphysical ...
l_ruth_'s user avatar
  • 783
2 votes
Accepted

Logical positivism on religious language

You could start with Alexander Bryan Johnson's "A Treatise On Language" And there's Alfred Jules "Freddie" Ayer's "Language, Truth and Logic" He is considered an "ordinary language philsopher" but ...
MmmHmm's user avatar
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