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Hard determinism does not entail that your love is a chemical reaction in your brain. Hard determinism is roughly the view that : For every event, E2, there is another event, E1, that precedes E2 and is causally sufficient for E2. If dualism were true, hard determinism could still be true even though E1 and E2 were purely mental, with no physical ...


7

If hard determinism is correct then there is no other option so "true" love would be defined as you having the moments you've had and experiencing the corresponding chemical response that you have.


7

The usual question is whether free will is possible under hard determinism. However, love, particularly romantic love as conceived in the western culture, certainly is not construed as an act of free will. In the popular imagination, it is an involuntary response to someone's qualities. So in fact, quite the opposite, the concept of a predestined love that ...


6

Love is a word we have created for an experience or a set of emotions related to something or someone. It is just a word to describe the experience of this cocktail of emotions. The word in itself does not in any way disqualify if this experience is in any sense voluntary or predetermined from birth or learned from society or upbringing or maybe even ...


6

Nygren believed and argued that agape, in the sense it bears in the New Testament, is a distinctively Christian notion, without counterpart in Ancient Greek or at any rate in Ancient Greek philosophy. He is probably right in this but it is a separate question whether agape in its New Testament sense is completely discontinuous with, or unprefigured by, all ...


4

Schopenhauer was inspired by Indian philosophy. He auto-didactively learned Sanscrit to read original texts (Vedas). One idea of it is that the circle of life has to be broken to get to Nirvana. The Will to Live therefore is something bad as it prevents us from getting there. The solution is NOT suicide in the sense we know. It is rejecting the Will to ...


3

In general, A Happy Death (1936-38), as well as the following Camus' novel : The Stranger (1942), which share with the previous one the title character : Mersault, revolves around the attempt to make sense of life, despite its absurdity (i.e. llack of sense, of meaning). The basic questions are : are money, love, success, the way to "give sense" to life ? ...


3

The empiricist in me tells me that the answer to your question is no. I love my wife in a way that I've never loved another person before. She loves me in a way that is very different to the way I love her because we're very different people. I can safely say that the way I love my wife has nothing to do with previous experience per se; it's not an amalgam ...


3

It is unfortunate that "love" in English has so many meanings, with at least these three: agape - willing the good of another person independent of one's self. eros - attraction (from where we get "erotic") philios - "brotherly love" - something like friendship or love for the mutual benefit of two people To address your question, it seems that you may be ...


3

Several perspectives can be offered (as a complement to Cort Ammon's answer): Kantian perspective It is possible to examine the question from the perspective of Kant's categorical imperative: "Act only according to that maxim whereby you can, at the same time, will that it should become a universal law." - Kant, Immanuel (1993) [1785]. Grounding for ...


2

Consider the game of "blackjack." Your goal is to get as close to 21 as you can, but not go over. Morals and taboos like these are very cultural. They shift from culture to culture. In fact, they can even shift from sub-culture to sub-culture (see: swingers). The takeaway may be that some cultures see some facets of society as similar to the blackjack ...


2

'Love' is a many-ways ambiguous term; and Conifold is right to doubt if there is a common meaning. But I assume you have in mind romantic love or the love we find in friendship - not for instance the love of our country (1914 and all that) or lustful obsession. I should have thought one of the characteristics of most human beings is that they can reflect ...


2

Some things are in our control and others not. Things in our control are opinion, pursuit, desire, aversion, and, in a word, whatever are our own actions. Things not in our control are body, property, reputation, command, and, in one word, whatever are not our own actions. (The Enchiridion) You have to decide whether you will follow this distinction or ...


2

See : Harry Frankfurt, The Reasons of Love, Princeton University Press (2006), page 11: to say that there is something we care about, or — in a phrase that I shall employ (perhaps a bit willfully) as closely equivalent to this — something we regard as important to ourselves. In certain cases, moreover, what moves us is an especially notable variant of ...


2

I've tried - he's difficult; and I find his mathematical orientation obfuscatiry; still his prefaces read well; and someone said, I can't now recall who; that most of philosophy is reading prefaces... I'd suggest that it, in part, derives from what Unger calls the form of the encounter in (Modernist) literature; and what Badiou might call an event; it is a ...


1

Make sure to understand the difference between "hard determinism" and "ontological monoistic reductionism". Hard determinism is the view that free will can not exist, because of determinism. (Matter-centric) Ontological monoistic reductionism is the view that all things can be reduced to matter. You will find a lot of religious people who believe in hard ...


1

I'll challenge the frame of the question. "Truly love" as in hollywood is a fictitious license / artifact for entertainment purposes. Real love is a different thing for each relationship. Some are paternal, come protective, some dependent, some mutual admiration, some are a kind of deeper friendship, some companionship, some complicated shared pasts, some ...


1

Basically, it's just cultural prejudice. Bonobos share 98.7% of their genome with both humans and chimpanzees, yet bobonos do not share this same prejudice. In bonobo society, sexual activities with friends of either gender are not only totally normal but often fulfill the same role as a handshake or small-talk in human interaction. As Jack Hitt writes for ...


1

It might seem like promiscuity is victimless, but in fact, in the larger overall social picture, promiscuous sexual contact is a) a significant disease vector (there are many serious diseases which spread primarily or exclusively through sexual contact) and b) likely to result in poor parenting outcomes for several reasons (unwanted children, children with ...


1

Some things just need to be grounded in biological fact and consequences. Friendships do not produce children, and we want to have one model of sexuality for both straight and gay relationships. Ambiguous parentage leads to strife over which potential parent (or parental clan) gets legal control of the child's living conditions, which can easily scar the ...


1

One approach is to love something higher, such as Arne Naess' ecological self: "The ecological self is that with which one relates." Most of the effective arguments I have seen regarding loving in the face of evil rely on one of two assumptions (or both): There is a little good in everything You cannot be 100% proof positive that something is pure evil. ...


1

"Especially those who claim evil cannot be responded to with love." - using game theory and utilitarian measures of what is good and what is bad, it has been shown that in some situations, for example the prisoners dilemma, a tit-for-tat strategy (being nice to those who are nice to you and being mean to those who are mean to you) is the most beneficial ...


1

I researched something of the sort a couple months ago, and found out that Schoppenhauer had some important considerations to give about the subject. He beat Charles Darwin on some suppositions about the parallel between humans - animals. You can find any information concerning those suppositions by reading Die Welt als Wille und Vorstellung by Arthur ...


1

To paraphrase your question: Is conditional love more love-like than unconditional love? I believe the short answer is "no" since, as has been pointed out, many different definitions of "love" exist. And by what measure could one form be more love-like than another? The concept of pragmatic love or pragma that may fit what you ask about. It is an ancient ...


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I believe we can have qualia of "internal" sensations. Qualia is of our internal brain activity, and therefore there is no reason in principle why it should be restricted to senses corresponding to external phenomena. that is, when you are looking at your monitor, you are having qualia of the activity of neurons in your brain, not of an external monitor. ...


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