51 votes

Does the no true Scotsman fallacy apply to anti Stalinist etc. communism?

Marx, socialism and communism Neither Marx nor Engels provided a blueprint for the socialist state. There could in their view be no such thing as a communist state since under communism, with no ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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50 votes

How are workers exploited when they have a choice in working for a boss?

Workers however have a choice in who they work for how much they earn so how can it be called exploitation? This isn't good philosophy on my part (I'm not making reference to a formal Marxist ...
Paul Ross's user avatar
  • 5,441
26 votes

How are workers exploited when they have a choice in working for a boss?

The headline Marxist answer is since all bosses - employers - exploit, the worker's only choice is which employer he will exploited by. There is no choice between exploitation and non-exploitation but ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
  • 35.7k
18 votes

Does the no true Scotsman fallacy apply to anti Stalinist etc. communism?

A criticized exception to the rule that falls short of the rule makes for valid negation of criticism OK, that headline requires changing direction of the train of thought at least three times, so let ...
MichaelK's user avatar
  • 5,144
18 votes

Does the no true Scotsman fallacy apply to anti Stalinist etc. communism?

"No True Scotsman" is one of those categories of fallacies that is rather subjective. If Person A says that X is not Y because it lacks Z, and Person B says that this is a No True Scotsman fallacy, ...
Acccumulation's user avatar
15 votes

Can cruelty and suffering be justified if it might lead to social transformation?

For what it's worth: there's actually some empirical research around the question of which sorts of aid and intervention actually provide long-term solutions versus prolonging indigence/poverty/etc. ...
Joseph Weissman's user avatar
  • 9,598
10 votes

How are workers exploited when they have a choice in working for a boss?

If you want a modern interpretation, it's the reduction in labor share (in relation to capital share) in production/income that's the "exploitation" aspect. If you have less bargaining power ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
9 votes

Do decolonialists have to attack science and modernity?

But even if colonialism is not palatable as it is a power structure of oppression, isn't there room for everybody to enjoy the benefits of lightbulbs (and vaccines, and a lot more)? Wouldn't rejecting ...
Frank's user avatar
  • 2,454
8 votes

How are workers exploited when they have a choice in working for a boss?

Workers however have a choice in who they work for how much they earn so how can it be called exploitation? Because the choice is meaningless. Ironically, a good example of a meaningless choice ...
Tom's user avatar
  • 2,131
7 votes
Accepted

Can cruelty and suffering be justified if it might lead to social transformation?

ad 1) On the base of human rights there is no justification for the suffering of people. In addition, history has shown that the promise of a better future can be a dangerous delusion and invites to ...
Jo Wehler's user avatar
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7 votes
Accepted

Who are the most prominent post-Marx thinkers within Marxism?

EDIT: I no longer stand by this answer. Marxism is much more lively, and viable, than I believed in 2017. It has many strands and adherents in various fields. My thoughts on the labor theory of value ...
7 votes

Would an universal basic income eliminate exploitation (a la Marx) in capitalism?

(This is a short unsourced answer for the time being, when I have the time later, I will update it with sources and details) From a Marxist point of view, UBI doesn't solve the problem of ...
Alexander S King's user avatar
7 votes

Is there a philosophical basis for the conflation of the cultural left and the economic/fiscal left?

I think there is a correlation basis, although I am hesitant to call it philosophical. Let me reframe the issue: there is no doubt that social/cultural and fiscal liberalism are logically independent, ...
Conifold's user avatar
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6 votes

Why is Marxism (not) historicist?

Like every -ism, also Historicism can be used as an over-simplifying label. Having said that, the starting point must be Hegel's Philosophy of History; Hegel's philosophy is complex and his Philosophy ...
Mauro ALLEGRANZA's user avatar
6 votes

Historically, what comes after Capitalism according to Marxist thinking?

“You never change things by fighting the existing reality. To change something, build a new model that makes the existing model obsolete.” -Buckminster Fuller Feudalism is considered the previous ...
CriglCragl's user avatar
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5 votes
Accepted

Given Marx's original theory of alienation, why is he interpreted as being anti-individualist?

There's two features in Marxism (here I'm working from its Hegelian background primarily as I think these problems transfer) that conspire to enable the objection that it is anti-individual: First, ...
virmaior's user avatar
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5 votes

Was Marx an antisemite?

The Jewish Question is a criticism of Bruno Bauer, who argues that the emancipation of Jews is subordinate to the emancipation of mankind: Bruno Bauer replies to them: No one in Germany is ...
Luís Henrique's user avatar
5 votes

What would Marx say about liberal identity politics?

Marx’s Communist Manifesto mentions something called “Conservative or Bourgeois Socialism” and states: “A part of the bourgeoisie is desirous of redressing social grievances in order to secure the ...
CaptainSensible's user avatar
5 votes

What would Marx say about liberal identity politics?

For me it helps to frame the topic from the central objective of his philosophy, which one might put as: the liberation of humanity from the enchainment of exploitative modes of production. If we ...
ClearMountainWay's user avatar
5 votes

Marxism - primary contradiction of capitalism

how is it exactly that private property of means of production (the relations of production) and a socialized production (the productive forces) through the development of capitalism and an ...
Luís Henrique's user avatar
5 votes

What does Machiavelli say about friends of my enemies?

Machiavelli found the "enemy of my enemy is my friend" advice to be cheap and short-sighted, at least for a ruler. It is not that he was concerned with moral virtues, but rather he saw shifting ...
Conifold's user avatar
  • 43.1k
5 votes
Accepted

Henry George vs. Karl Marx

Welcome, October ! Some contrasts between Marx and George are drawn out in an article by John Haynes Holmes. Holmes' plain and sometimes undiscerning lack of sympathy for Marx and extolling of ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
  • 35.7k
5 votes

A different kind of ideology somewhat between capitalism and communism

Capitalism is an economic system. Free-markets and market-liberalisation are part of an ideological stance, typically called liberalism. Socialism is a model of shared ownership, which can include ...
CriglCragl's user avatar
  • 21.7k
5 votes
Accepted

Is there any historical evidence for Marx being a Satanist?

I'm reading Wurmbrand's Marx and Satan on academia.edu right now, and so far it seems like the author has conflated heretical remarks and descriptions (frequently literary or poetic!) by Marx, with ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
5 votes
Accepted

Do decolonialists have to attack science and modernity?

Is science Eurocentric? Well, if one means that one pays homage to the language and philosophy of science, yes. The roots of science go back to the Ancient Greeks, and modern science was invented by ...
J D's user avatar
  • 26.6k
5 votes

Do decolonialists have to attack science and modernity?

I think that there are several factors at work here in parallel. 1) Colonialism left a bad taste I think that the colonialism tie is somewhat of a correlation-not-causation effect: the West tried to ...
Him's user avatar
  • 468
5 votes

Where exactly did the conceptual distinction between "personal property" and "private property" originate?

I'd argue that section "2. Proletarians and Communists" of the Communist Manifesto also makes that distinction in the first few pages of that: The distinguishing feature of Communism is not ...
haxor789's user avatar
  • 5,881
4 votes

Why did Karl Popper criticize Karl Marx's ideas?

I will add here an anarcho-communist perspective in broad lines. Marx supported his critique of bourgeois democracy (The critique of the Hegelian philosophy of Right) in Hegel's text "Philosophy of ...
John Am's user avatar
  • 1,324
4 votes

What did Marx mean by "revolutionary terror"?

REVOLUTIONARY TERROR VERSUS REVOLUTIONARY VIOLENCE 1 When Marx used the phrase 'revolutionärer Terror' ('Neue Rheinische Zeitung', 7 November 1848) he almost certainly had the French Reign of Terror ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
  • 35.7k
4 votes

Guy Debord - society of spectacle - thesis 3

Your understanding is definitively good enough as a working hypothesis. The relation between alienation and unification is one of the major topics of the book, i.e. something not defined but explored. ...
olaf b's user avatar
  • 464

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