19 votes

Does any philosophy designate thoughts (independent of expression or action) as a subject of morality?

Great question. We have some intuition for the possibility of at least some thoughts to be subject to morality, for instance, beliefs based on prejudice. However, many thoughts of ours are involuntary ...
Quae's user avatar
  • 291
17 votes

Is it logical to seek revenge?

You use the word 'logical' in the sense of rational. Thus, you are looking for rationales for the use of revenge. Philosophical analysis by Hobbes who characterized this world as violent in his ...
J D's user avatar
  • 26.6k
14 votes

Is it logical to seek revenge?

The possibility of revenge prevents attacks against you because they are risky. Always going for revenge makes life more dangerous for you because an attacker knows they must make it impossible for ...
gnasher729's user avatar
  • 5,545
13 votes
Accepted

What makes moral realism so popular a standpoint?

Moral Realism isn't a clear term. The way the survey is set up, some constructivists could label themselves under it. (I've also heard of terminology that puts Moral Relativism under Moral Realism, so ...
Marc H.'s user avatar
  • 1,895
9 votes

For Kant, are spider moms that eat their kids immoral?

For Kant, morality only applies to rational beings. At some points, he will use the word "humanity" as a synonym. Thus, if we look at the second group of formulations of the categorical imperative we ...
virmaior's user avatar
  • 24.7k
9 votes

Is it logical to seek revenge?

In the book Systems of Survival Jane Jacobs puts forward the thesis that humans have two fundamental systems of ethics. She calls them syndromes. Wiki Link The first, and probably the older, she calls ...
Boba Fit's user avatar
  • 1,015
8 votes

What is the name of the philosophy that believes one should do whatever they want?

Here is a blog post proposing a concept of "hedonic nihilism", which comes very close to what is described in the question. Hedonic Nihilism is an amalgamation of two philosophical ideas. ...
Brian Z's user avatar
  • 1,292
8 votes

Can non-agents be moral or immoral?

Children are not denied moral agency, they are usually denied legal culpability. That's a big difference. Children as agents can be engaged in ethics and are ethical beings, but they are often ...
J D's user avatar
  • 26.6k
7 votes

What makes moral realism so popular a standpoint?

Moral realism I take to be broadly the view that moral judgements can be true or false, that some are true and are known to be true. There has been an upsurge of interest in and sympathy with moral ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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7 votes
Accepted

Nietzsche’s despising of the herd

The problem Nietzsche has with herd mentality is that it is unexamined. If one has examined ones own morality alongside the moral virtues of the herd, concluding that those herd moralities best suit ...
Gary's user avatar
  • 186
7 votes

Does any philosophy designate thoughts (independent of expression or action) as a subject of morality?

According to Kant's deontologism, your actions are moral only if you do them out of a sense of duty. It is to say that more than your actions, it is your motivations that are under scrutiny. The same ...
armand's user avatar
  • 6,324
6 votes
Accepted

Is there an empirical system of ethics?

There's a few different things going on in your question. If we focus on, But I think that an ethical statement such as "murder is wrong" is actually a psychological statement about how (the vast ...
virmaior's user avatar
  • 24.7k
6 votes

Do virtue ethics, deontology, and consequentialism all just assume their sets of preferences?

This is an interesting question (or cluster of related questions), because it highlights the complexity of understanding both what ethics is and how different approaches to ethics "work." ...
virmaior's user avatar
  • 24.7k
6 votes
Accepted

Neo-liberalism, language and freedom?

This is a very well thought-out question. You invoke Noam Chomsky's contributions to the philosophy of mind with his proposals regarding innate properties which he puts forward in his ideas regarding ...
J D's user avatar
  • 26.6k
6 votes

Does any philosophy designate thoughts (independent of expression or action) as a subject of morality?

It is your inner thoughts that give rise to action- thus bad deeds begin in the heart. EDIT: To expand further based upon the comments, it is not the case that if you don’t actually act upon evil ...
Ryan Pierce Williams's user avatar
6 votes

Can non-agents be moral or immoral?

Since all morals are relative, the answer depends on the values of the culture in which the wrongdoer is being judged. In some societies a child who murders another, say, might be considered not to ...
Marco Ocram's user avatar
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5 votes
Accepted

Does the existence of moral truth imply its objectivity?

I think you're doing something interesting here, but you need to be more careful to distinguish between moral epistemology and moral metaphysics. And the word "objective" is not always your friend in ...
virmaior's user avatar
  • 24.7k
5 votes
Accepted

A taxonomy of Meta-Ethics (Reference Request)

I'd say that the general overview can be taxonomized relatively well. There's even reasonable flowcharts, like you'll find in Alex Miller's Contemporary Metaethics (see here). For general introduction,...
Marc H.'s user avatar
  • 1,895
5 votes

What is the name of the philosophy that believes one should do whatever they want?

Thelema is is a Western esoteric and occult social or spiritual philosophy and new religious movement founded in the early 1900s by Aleister Crowley (1875–1947), an English writer, mystic, occultist, ...
Agent Smith's user avatar
  • 3,662
5 votes

Is it logical to seek revenge?

" "He abused me, he struck me, he overpowered me, he robbed me." Those who harbor such thoughts do not still their hatred. "He abused me, he struck me, he overpowered me, he robbed ...
CriglCragl's user avatar
  • 21.7k
4 votes

Democratic ethics - sources for system of ethics determined by democratic principles

Democratic ethics - Habermas' discourse ethics Rawls certainly offers one approach to a democratic ethics. I'd like to suggest another approach, that of Habermas. In the tradition of critical ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
  • 35.7k
4 votes
Accepted

What did the Tractatus (really) say about Kant's absolute / in itself value?

The Tractatus actually says nothing about Kant except some comments on the distinction between left and right in space. This is easily verified by searching any on-line copy of the work. As to what ...
Colin McLarty's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

Can one believe in Divine Command Theory without the Bible?

Background In recent scholarship, there's been a lot going on about what was called "Divine command theory" (DCT). Some of it interacts with an earlier literature about voluntarism with ...
virmaior's user avatar
  • 24.7k
4 votes
Accepted

Why does rationality + free will necessitate an objective morality for Kant?

As Isaacson points out, Kant's moral system is very complex and, as such, focusing on a few aspects can lead us to lose sight of some other important aspects of his system. But your questions ...
Nanhee Byrnes PhD's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

What are some examples of categorical imperatives/universalizable maxims relevant to modern ethics?

The terminology of hypothetical and categorical imperatives is rather specific to Kant. Roughly, hypothetical imperatives give commands conditioned on one’s purposes (if you wish to succeed in life ...
Conifold's user avatar
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4 votes

Is the Categorical Imperative Simply Bad Math? :)

You are correct that the CI does not mandate any specific code of behavior. The CI says: Act only according to that maxim whereby you can, at the same time, will that it should become a universal ...
causative's user avatar
  • 12.9k
4 votes

Classifying the ethical characteristics of entities by cognitive properties, non-human-specific

What you describe is: To base an ethical system on the cognitive capabilities of the beings involved. Just to imagine what this means: Intelligence tests from psychology classify human beings ...
Jo Wehler's user avatar
  • 31.6k
4 votes

Classifying the ethical characteristics of entities by cognitive properties, non-human-specific

Congratulations on being the first to use the post-humanism tag! I suspect there are two inter-related and fundamental difficulties facing your intriguing suggestion. The lesser of the two is the need ...
Marco Ocram's user avatar
  • 21.7k
3 votes
Accepted

Is it possible to measure the "rightness" of moral thought?

The name of the field that compares moral systems and asks question about the nature of ethics in this way is metaethics (SEP entry). There's three related meta-ethical questions that affect the ...
virmaior's user avatar
  • 24.7k
3 votes

Do any moral realists say that subjective judgments also have moral truth?

Moral realists believe (very roughly) that there is an independently existing moral reality; that some moral judgements are true by virtue of that reality; and that some moral judgements can be known ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
  • 35.7k

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