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I feel that is incomplete when we have 4 choices the table is really more long for the eight cases. X Exist and presence of pain X not Exist and Presence of pain X Exist and no presence of pain X not Exist and no pro presence of pain X Exist and presence of pleasure X not Exist and Presence of pleasure X Exist and no presence of pleasure X not Exist and no ...


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This philosophy sounds to me like total nihilism founded on an irrational hatred of reality. But in any case, that the absence of good and bad--rather than just good and bad--are even included here is bizarre. Assigning a moral evaluation to the absence of something in particular, rather than to something in particular or just to nothing, seems arbitrary. ...


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sorry this is both an attempt to answer at least subjectively and a question. perhaps i am misunderstanding here, but when looking at the scenarios it appears to me that something is missing. maybe a discounting of the value of life itself. it seems to me i could make a similar grid with whether the existence of life is good, possibly because this is ...


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Information, information that exists in the neural processes, is probably the physical quantity that correlates perfectly with consciousness. Consciousness is a very complex and dynamic entity: you’re conscious of many things that have a lot of complicated, fine details and that always change and change rapidly (in milliseconds), such as the consciousness ...


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Technically speaking, a class or category is defined by a set of criteria, not by a set of particulars. 'Catness' is not a property in its own right; it is a collection of properties that we have associated with the concept 'cat' such that any particular creature which shares those properties will be classed as a cat. That is why such concepts are called ...


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Hmm, I might be getting this wrong, but... If we look at colors, and draw a scale from yellow through orange to red. There will be an infinite variation of shades in between those 3 primary colors. Personally I'm a guy, so I only see primary colors. So a Particular shade in between, will be compared to my Universal definition of yellow, orange and red, and ...


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The quote you link to (here's a link for those in the US since google books links are sometimes country-specific) doesn't seem to be basing this on any other writings of Hawkings besides the one they quote on p. 121, rather they seem to be inferring that Hawking thought the laws of physics were needed to protect the laws of logic based on his argument about ...


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It is not totally clear what the question is (perhaps edit), but I take it to be whether there are other candidate physical correlates of consciousness. An obvious candidate would be behavioral correlates of consciousness, such as people talking about how amazing it is that there are qualia. In the Scott Aaronson talk you link to above, slide 13 mentions ...


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The is how you should understand this thought experiment: it is an intellectual game from which no useful or otherwise valuable insight can be gained. The game starts by making absurd assumptions (the possibility of making a perfect copy of a person is absurd), proceeds to endless pointless questions which have multiple contradictory answers that cannot be ...


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God did have a choice. If anyone can be said to have libertarian free will, it is God. Not even an omnipotent being can violate the law of non-contradiction. So, every universe created by God has to be self-consistent. However, the fundamental constants and laws of nature were created by God in such a way as to support life, and specifically human life. If ...


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In physics, "spacetime dimensions" are the familiar three spatial dimensions plus one of time (commonly written as (t,x,y,z) that provide the stage upon which all actions in the physical world that we inhabit are played out. In non-physics contexts, "non-spacetime dimensions" can mean anything at all that the writer wants them to mean. However, please note ...


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I think the inside of death is knowledge, understanding and enlightenment. It's the ultimate gift and sacrifice. Ever since man discovered, that there is life and death (whenever that may have been), it intern gave birth to the only questions that can ever be answered by an individuals own self, ( if that makes sense). What is life if you cannot avoid ...


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@Geoffrey Thomas- For this analogy to become clear, first consider the relationship between the sun and an orange, [or any other crop]. It is intuitively and scientifically obvious that the sun is the proximate and efficient cause of the production of a piece of fruit; from the sprouting of the seed which when planted becomes a sapling, then becomes a bush ...


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See Christian Wolff, Philosophia prima sive ontologia, § 884 and § 886. See also : Kant Lexikon, Rudolph Eisler The term " causality " as used in contemporary philosophy derives from Wolff through Kant. Wollf calls " causatum" the relatum of a cause ( = that to which a cause is related, as a " cause of"). Not all " causatum" is an " effect" for there ...


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https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/boundary/ starts out with one abstract definition according to which "anything" has extremities that define a relative inside. More generally (though not by much!), we might refer to all things as having intrinsic and extrinsic relations. Including death, then, which has a temporal boundary, maybe, and attendant "inside."


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When talking about determining what a thing is, or how it is defined, one is generally interested in what is called ontology. From WP: Ontology is the philosophical study of being. More broadly, it studies concepts that directly relate to being, in particular becoming, existence, reality, as well as the basic categories of being and their relations. ...


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What a wonderful contribution in the philosophy of technology. Let's see if we can't provide some clarification of this philosophical topic. INTRODUCTION From the article you cited: Virtuality is the cultural perception that material objects are interpenetrated by information patterns. So the first thing to be understood about her "virtuality" is that ...


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Teleological argument as form of fine tuning isn't refuted. In fact in an academic paper, Man Ho Chan has argued from mathematical analysis and systematic comparison of different hypothesis, and shows that as per current understanding, data strongly prefer theistic explanation. From paper: Among the available hypotheses, the chance-alone hypothesis, ...


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