22 votes

Is naturalism falsifiable?

That's the problem with ontological frameworks: any challenge to the framework must come from outside of it, and can therefore be discarded as non existent. Take the existence of ghosts, for exemple: ...
  • 3,392
10 votes
Accepted

Naturalism and anti-realism in the philosophy of science

The problem you will encounter here is that the main overlap between these two areas is science. Science itself, to be blunt, doesn't really care about philosophy very much, and so it doesn't have a ...
  • 1,494
10 votes

Is naturalism falsifiable?

Attacking an existing naturalism (system 1) from within is difficult because an ontologist thinking on specific naturalistic premises has only the following options when noticing a single phenomenon ...
  • 2,126
8 votes

Can people who deny naturalism consistently believe in science?

Short Answer Can people who deny naturalism consistently believe in science? Yes. The belief in naturalism does not preclude supernaturalism. If one starts from faith, and then accepts science, then ...
  • 11.5k
7 votes

Can people who deny naturalism consistently believe in science?

Can someone explain how a person can consistently believe in the supernatural without denying induction and science? By starting from a different premise. Everything we see in our life can be ...
6 votes

A Statistical Argument Against Naturalism from Pro Golf

I think this problem is actually a physical problem, not a statistical or philosophical problem. And I think you’ll get better answers than mine if you post this problem on Physics SE. All pro ...
4 votes

Is it possible to define "the supernatural"?

The question asked and the one described are different. You asked if it is possible to define "the supernatural." The answer to that question is, yes. It has been done in many dictionaries, and the ...
4 votes

What is less than a bit?

If by bit we mean a mathematical 1 or 0, then there is no smaller unit of information. But if we are talking about implementations of bits, then a bit has smaller constituent parts. An electrical ...
  • 2,858
4 votes
Accepted

Is essentialism compatible with naturalism?

Essentialism is compatible with naturalism, Aristotle, the father of essentialism, is typically named as a precursor of naturalism (and even empiricism), and today we have scientific essentialism ...
  • 41.2k
4 votes

Can people who deny naturalism consistently believe in science?

Most of the modern science is theory-laden, which means that it is not so much inductive, but deductive: Induction: Observation -> Generalizations -> Paradigm Deduction: Theory -> ...
  • 1,000
4 votes

Is G.E Moore's notion of goodness widely held and defended by contemporaneous philosophers?

The irreducibility of normativity is a mixed bag nowadays. There are intuitionists like Michael Huemer or Robert Audi(?) who I think advance the thesis tout court, but otherwise it still does show up ...
3 votes

What is the difference between Naturalism and Physicalism?

Naturalism in the broad sense is a very loose attitude, far looser than even materialism, let alone physicalism, because the notion of "nature" is left open to interpretation. Defined negatively as "...
  • 41.2k
3 votes
Accepted

Nietzsche and What he got wrong about evolution?

Darwin published On the Origin of Species in late 1859. In it, he provided a remarkably compelling case for the evolution of species through natural selection. Debates ensued on a number of fronts, of ...
3 votes

What are the problems with Plantinga's evolutionary argument against naturalism (EAAN)?

There are two formulations of the Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism (EAAN). The one outlined in the cited notes (NOTES) uses the earlier, pre-2008, version where naturalism is described through ...
3 votes
Accepted

Is it possible to define "the supernatural"?

In a dualistic view of the world that splits off spirit from matter, you can distinguish the supernatural as being related to those events where spirit has causative power in the world. Demons/angles/...
  • 5,118
3 votes

Is it possible to define "the supernatural"?

The debate dates back at least to the Natural Philosophy of the Renaissance; see e.g Pietro Pomponazzi (1462–1525) : Referring to contemporary chronicles, Pomponazzi recalls events which many ...
3 votes
Accepted

Could there ever be evidence for an infinite being?

Taking this as the core question: How can we have unambiguous evidence for an infinite being if we cannot even verify that the being is infinite? The short answer is: We cannot. Assuming that we ...
  • 985
3 votes
Accepted

Are artificially synthesized chemical elements natural?

To me the question strikes at the heart of the modern debate about natural and artificial kinds. The term "natural kind" was introduced by Mill and then forgotten until Kripke and Putnam resuscitated ...
  • 41.2k
3 votes

Is science inherently naturalistic?

There are a number of strategies that scientists and philosophers of science have used to avoid (or at least decrease) tensions between religion and scientific naturalism. You can read more about ...
  • 2,407
3 votes

How do we account under natural law for humans' ability to produce arbitrarily-improbable results?

Your premises are false, or, at least as of yet unproven. Your argument for a) is nonsensical. You do not prove that humans can cause things that have arbitrarily low probability, because the ...
  • 31
3 votes

Is Western atheism a kind of Protestant religion?

I am puzzled by Plantinga's reservation to call naturalism a religion. What is this vagueness he refers to? Plantinga's implications of placing naturalism -- and, perhaps, atheism -- with other ...
3 votes
Accepted

Does natural science assume indirect realism?

Indirect realism is the view that our contact with reality is mediated ("filtered") through our sense organs and/or cognitive faculties. We do not experience reality "as it is, out there". This isn't ...
  • 3,758
3 votes

What does 'nature' mean in Darwin's Origin of Species?

In his introduction to On the Origin of Species, Darwin gave a succinct summary of the theory: In the next chapter the Struggle for Existence amongst all organic beings throughout the world, which ...
  • 2,779
3 votes

Is naturalism falsifiable?

Whether (philosophical) naturalism is falsifiable depends on one's definition of the supernatural, and whether we can find a way to test, demonstrate, reproduce, etc. supernatural claims. In theory, ...
2 votes

Could there ever be evidence for an infinite being?

A god demonstrating his omnipotence would mean to make something which makes us convinced of his omnipotence. The simplest way to do that would be to manipulate our mind in a way that we believe in ...
  • 1,479
2 votes

Could there ever be evidence for an infinite being?

There are logical arguments for proving the infinity of God. What you quoted from Anselm is, however, not an argument. The link you referenced does summarize his argument, but the validity and the ...
  • 1,244
2 votes

Is philosophical naturalism circular reasoning?

The problem is not naturalism, but your bad epistemological ideas. Those ideas are extremely common, but they are still wrong. You write: I realize of course that there is incredibly strong ...
  • 7,095
2 votes

Is it possible to define "the supernatural"?

From a naturalistic view point supernatural objects and one-way interactions from a supernatural domain to the natural domain do not exist. Nevertheless, such a supernatural domain is possible, i.e. ...
  • 20.6k
2 votes

Is it possible to define "the supernatural"?

The reasoning goes that anything which "appears" to be supernatural, is simply misunderstood or conforms to laws of nature of which humans are not yet aware. I had asked a similar question a few ...

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