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For those SEP members who prefer symbolic representation, what follows is the same content from above, but set out in symbolic form. Symbolic Deduction- Symbolic representation of Creative Unity from "Aeternitas" "Such being the relations existing within the creative unity of Deus sive Natura, let me next attempt to indicate symbolically the ...


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What follows in response to this question will be framed as 'classical Metaphysics'. Even though this classification is considered dead and gone today, there are some who feel it is not clearly understood. This piece is not intended to convince but rather to demonstrate how a classic metaphysics response would appear. This particular piece refers to the ...


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[You might find this answer to be somewhat intense/disturbing. 2020 was not a good year for many lads; and you truly deserve better than that. You are an adult -- you have to decide whether to read my answer or not.] We are in a curious position of having advanced technologies that stimulate entire virtual worlds. This is inclusive of but not limited to ...


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If we take materialism as a philosophical doctrine to the effect that all that exists is matter in its various forms and interactions, then this is a view developed by Engels, Plekhanov, Kautsky and certain others towards the end of the nineteenth century - not a view that can credibly be attributed to Marx himself. Doubtless the idea that Marx was a ...


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Short Answer Epictetus was a stoic. Stoics as a general characterization have little regard for abstract metaphysical speculation about the nature of personhood and the divine. As a student of human nature, his topics are primarily about choices humans can make for the good life. Stoics tend to characterize divinity as the source of that which cannot be ...


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In Dream and Existence Ludwig Binswanger (1881-1966) wrote: "According to Hegel, 'the knowledge of something of which only I am aware' is just dreaming, and the same is true of imagination ..." "For Heraclitus, genuine awakeness is, negatively put, the awakening from private opinion (doxa) and subjective belief." In this context, the real ...


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Meinong's Ontology would be a good starting place to research. I will try my best to explain, but my understanding is still shakey. Meinong's Ontology divides up our system of being into three different classes: Absistence, Subsistence and Existence. Absistence includes every possible object or idea you can think of. This would include unicorns, mythical ...


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I will quote the Catechism of the Catholic Church: The Trinity is a mystery of faith in the strict sense, one of the 'mysteries that are hidden in God, which can never be known unless they are revealed by God'. But his inmost Being as Holy Trinity is a mystery that is inaccessible to reason alone Emphasis mine. It is part of the teaching that it can not ...


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As I type this, there are any number of different wildfires raging across the US Pacific states. They all have different designations — different names — and they all threaten different locales. But they are all essentially 'wildfire', more or less indistinguishable from each other. It would not be wrong for me to say: "The West coast is being ...


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Aquinas describes the persons as self-relations of the divine nature. If we waive the doctrine of divine simplicity, let's say that God has three properties that we'll call F, S, and H. Suppose that we can order the properties such that there is an ordered set F:S,H, another S:F,H, and lastly H:F,S. Each set is the whole divine nature, and there is only one ...


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I think both summaries of yours are wrong, and both quotes are simpler (but even more profound imo) than you think. In the first, Tegmark is saying the MUH predicts only mathematical structures exist. A dinosaur president is a perfectly fine mathematical structure, so it could exist in the MUH. Only mathematically undefined things can't exist. Such as an ...


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Maybe Tegmark is referring to descriptions like, "Two universes otherwise identical, where in one of them everything is a nanometer to the right of where everything is in the other." Or, "A universe containing a being who has power over all universes" (IDK if Tegmark allows for transworld deity but he seems to need to rule out at least ...


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(Edit note: From the comments I’ve received, it seems that the paragraph beginning with “On the other hand” was not clear enough and can be misunderstood, so I add some clarifying sentences at the end of the paragraph – they are the italic sentences after (5).) Q (the original question): Which aspects of consciousness are philosophically most important? A: ...


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This may be sketchy as to how it relates to consciousness, since it is arguably unconscious, but it shouldn't be overlooked... From Thomas Sheehan: 3. Human being is the world of meaning. Heidegger argues that we primarily live in the world of meaning – in fact, we are that world, the realm of meaningfulness. What Aristotle called mind or reason (nous, ...


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PS Here in this answer I used a special type of reasoning (I don't know whether you'd agree or not). Since consciousness is a special case, 'A' is considered as an inseparable combination of 'B', 'C' & 'D'. So I treated each two of 'B', 'C' & 'D' as the part of the other. If spiritual leaders can also be treated as philosophers of mind, I wish to ...


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Different philosophers claim slightly different views the only thing they really agree on is that we do indeed experience consciousness. Some say that it arises from the brain because there are many millions of neurons firing . Other say that it is emergent from our fear of death or the fact that we have language. I personally believe that it is impart due ...


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