24 votes

What is the motivation of all individuals to stay alive?

In purely psychological terms, all the behaviours that keep us alive are controlled or driven by the unconscious brain. That is, most of the time, we don't need to reflect on the course of actions ...
Speakpigeon's user avatar
  • 6,937
22 votes
Accepted

Does the focus on "humane" killing of animals distract from the real moral problem of killing?

"The focus on whether an animal is killed with or without suffering seems to only distract focus from the much more serious moral issue of whether or when it is morally okay to kill in the first ...
Ameet Sharma's user avatar
  • 3,001
18 votes

What is the motivation of all individuals to stay alive?

However, it takes nothing of these moments after death, so it would be the same if they had never existed. Suffering, on the other hand, inflicts pain on it, which it has to endure during its lifetime....
Rexcirus's user avatar
  • 324
10 votes

What is the motivation of all individuals to stay alive?

OP's question sounds similar to the argument for nihilism. If we don't take anything with us, what's the point of living at all? Let me offer the following observation. I propose that Nihilism has it ...
JesseM's user avatar
  • 201
8 votes

Is Benatar's "asymmetry of pleasure and pain" wrong?

I have not read Benatar's book, so I'm likely missing subtleties, but the argument as presented here seems specious. Why would the absence of pain be good for a non-existent being? Pain and pleasure ...
Ted Wrigley's user avatar
  • 19.3k
8 votes

What would happen if I suddenly lost consciousness?

This is an interesting question: the philosophical term for what you describe is called a 'philosophical zombie' or p-zombie for short. This concept lies at the core of a debate between the dualists ...
Jumboman's user avatar
  • 382
7 votes
Accepted

Is Plato's Callicles an example of Nietzsche's Übermensch? Is the Epicurean hedonist?

Well, in some ways Callicles comes close. One easily recognizes some of the key themes of Nietzsche's master morality there: the strong dominate the weak by nature, laws protecting the weak are unfair ...
Conifold's user avatar
  • 42.8k
7 votes

What is the motivation of all individuals to stay alive?

First, you are treating Joy and Suffering asymmetrically. You don't take anything with you. Your Suffering and your Joy are gone. Using Joy as a proxy term for "anything good" and Suffering ...
Yakk's user avatar
  • 614
6 votes

Does the focus on "humane" killing of animals distract from the real moral problem of killing?

In Buddha's time, the prohibition was against killing, and not eating meat, and even monks were allowed to eat meat donated to them as alms. That's still how they do things in Tibet, where a small ...
CriglCragl's user avatar
  • 21.3k
5 votes
Accepted

If happiness is relative, why would I want to get more of it?

St. Thomas Aquinas, who was a follower of Aristotle in many things, has 32 questions on happiness (felicitas) in his Treatise on Man's Last End (Summa Theologica I-II qq. 1-5) or purpose, which he ...
Geremia's user avatar
  • 7,887
5 votes

What is the motivation of all individuals to stay alive?

The instinct to live is primal in every lifeform, expressing as mastery of environment and basically power. Mastery of environment is the base drive. Once it is operational, survival follows without ...
Chris Degnen's user avatar
  • 5,595
5 votes

What is the motivation of all individuals to stay alive?

An important point that contributors so far have not raised is that we survive because of an inbuilt (i.e. subconscious) mechanism to survive. Any species that lacks this property can expect ...
Frog's user avatar
  • 635
5 votes

How can the sensation of pain be explained materialistically?

Short Answer If you accept basic physicalism, and you accept science and a naturalized epistemology, then the explanation is that pain is a phenomenological experience that occurs because the physical ...
J D's user avatar
  • 25k
4 votes

What is the most common (or best) answer provided by religious figures/advocates about the purpose of unfair pain and sickness in the world

Your question refers to the theological problem of theodicy: How to explain that God is omnipotent, omniscient, and omnigracious, but there are so many evils and pains in the world? 1) Concerning ...
Jo Wehler's user avatar
  • 28.6k
4 votes

Is Benatar's "asymmetry of pleasure and pain" wrong?

The whole argument seems to be based on the pre-supposition that existence itself has no value. As you already stated, if no-one existed, the question of pain and pleasure would be void. This seems ...
hbarck's user avatar
  • 259
4 votes
Accepted

The joy of resolving a philosophical doubt

To the best of my knowledge, this specific example is probably something that the author thought up, but it is entirely consistent with the limited source material. In particular I can point to one ...
znr's user avatar
  • 81
4 votes

What is the motivation of all individuals to stay alive?

This is a matter of perspective. We tend to think of ourselves as separate from others. I am me, an individual being; you are you, another individual being. Although that's true, it's not the full ...
Vitor Baptista's user avatar
4 votes

What is the motivation of all individuals to stay alive?

There have been many proposals for a fundamental human drive put forward here. I am reminded of a lecture I attended some years ago by the philosopher and literary critic George Steiner (who died in ...
Crisp47's user avatar
  • 96
4 votes

Which things are worth doing in life and which are not? How do we distinguish them?

It is arguably a bit of a misnomer to cast Epicurus (as history often has) as a person purely interested in mere pleasure. A better term that has been used is 'untroubledness'. As you note, he found ...
Why60's user avatar
  • 41
4 votes

Unbearable suffering exists. Therefore, is it worth to live?

Let's take a cold, hard (quasi-Kantian) look at what you're suggesting. So, if there is a one-in-a-billion chance that one might end up in unbearable suffering, that means that in a world of seven ...
Ted Wrigley's user avatar
  • 19.3k
4 votes

Does the focus on "humane" killing of animals distract from the real moral problem of killing?

I think the answer to your headline question is trivially yes. I say so because it is possible to cite any number of over-discussed topics as being distractions from any number of under-discussed ones....
Marco Ocram's user avatar
  • 18.6k
4 votes

What would happen if I suddenly lost consciousness?

Within physicalist monism, there are various views: Reductive materialism says that consciousness corresponds to physical events in the brain. So for your consciousness to "stop working", ...
NotThatGuy's user avatar
  • 7,625
3 votes

Is Benatar's "asymmetry of pleasure and pain" wrong?

"The whole argument seems to be based on the pre-supposition that existence itself has no value" Incorrect. Existence clearly contains (1) pleasure is intrinsically good (value) (2) pain is ...
Michael Holbek's user avatar
3 votes

Can utilitarianism make anything moral if someone profits enough from it?

Hi Kaito Kid and welcome to PSE. You pose a thought-provoking question but my own view of utilitarianism and of what it allows, which I'll explain as best I can, is rather different from yours. I am ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
  • 35.6k
3 votes

Why is everyone seeking satisfaction?

It seems to be a better life mentality to relish in the cold reality of accepting the inevitable pains of life. Is this not a concept? Something like this? Remember that following desire promises ...
H Walters's user avatar
  • 440
3 votes

What is the motivation of all individuals to stay alive?

Reality tends to emergently create systems with various functions. If a system happens to attain a function of self-preservation, it is likely that it's going to keep itself intact as long as it's ...
noncom's user avatar
  • 155
3 votes

Does the focus on "humane" killing of animals distract from the real moral problem of killing?

Plenty of people (including most, if not all, vegans I know of) also object to killing part in the animal (mostly meat) industry, so I don't really know what to tell you. I don't know where you'd find ...
NotThatGuy's user avatar
  • 7,625
3 votes

What would happen if I suddenly lost consciousness?

What happens at a sudden loss of consciousness is a medical, notably neurological question. That part of our brain which must be working for being conscious is the thalamus, see Thalamus: Thalamic ...
Jo Wehler's user avatar
  • 28.6k
2 votes

Is Epicureanism a form of Hedonism?

I had the impression that Epicureanism suggests a moderate approach towards pleasure as a way to avoid a backlash of pain caused by delving too deep in pleasure sources, for instance the reactions ...
VBobCat's user avatar
  • 121

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