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This is very similar to asking what is zero of an object? What is contained in empty set? Let's say NOBODY exists. what type of person would nobody be? The answer would be NOBODY knows. This means you can not ask SOMEBODY to know about NOBODY, because they don't know. Only NOBODY knows.


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From a sociological perspective, nobody could be a human without any social connections, social roles, symbolic identity, or other traces within any social group or society. From a psychological perspective, nobody could be a mind without internal identity -- perhaps no memory, no ego, or no capacity for social awareness. From a physics perspective, nobody ...


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Genes do not code for that kind of information; they code for protein construction which play a role in different cellular functions. I don't believe visual information can be inherited. What I suspect is happening is that, when cats perceive the cucumber it changes their brain chemistry. That change in brain chemistry is functionally related to the ...


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I am very interested in this question, but it seems more biology/anthropology than philosophy. Not all cats have this response. It's speculated to be about fear of snakes, so likely colour is not critical but a certain shininess and appearing suddenly in a cat's most vulnerable position that a predator snake would choose to attack from. A logical experiment ...


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There are even more striking examples of what you describe as “visual information” encoded directly into the genetic code — the orchid and the wasp for instance… At the very least it should be easy to see that the genetic code must minimally encode an organisms own bodily structure — itself a kind of spatial model — and in fact such a structural model is ...


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Could you explain to me what is meant by the argument of the best explanation. It is also called "inference to the best explanation" and said to be the cornerstone of scientific practice (don't ask me how, I'm not a scientist either). The idea is that we should believe our best explanations are true. Suppose you have a large piece of cheese, and ...


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Per your command to address and answer your first question, it must be understood that this is not, a question. This is a request to be indwelled due to the gender and grimoire. The question itself is one of "no wrong choice. To answer this without you understanding the nature of your request, would be in Stoic literature, known as crossing the line. If ...


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Whenever you are trying to do something - achieve an objective, optimize for some outcome - you are acting intentionally. If you are trying to keep your eyes fixed while directing your attention to the periphery of your visual field, those are two things you are trying to do at once, so certainly you are acting intentionally. To think of intentional action, ...


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The phenomenon in question is part of attention, specifically endogenous orienting, or willful focusing of cognitive capacities on particular stimuli or sensory regions (of body or environment). From Wikipedia: Orienting attention is vital and can be controlled through external (exogenous) or internal (endogenous) processes. The first aspect is called ...


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The thesis behind mentalese is algorithmic and representational. It is also postulated based on language theory. Google translate is a neural net based AI, and neural nets do not use representation, and google does not actually use language. Hence google translate cannot have either has verified nor discovered representational mentalese, or a universal ...


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Yes, there are thoughts that cannot be put into words. Put another way, there are more thoughts than words. This depends, as everyone has been quick to point out, on the definition of "thoughts." But let's say they include not only formal concepts and ideas, but experiences, combinations of perceptions, brain states, particularities, and degraded ...


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Thinking from the perspective of the theories of image schema combined with embodied construction grammar, any thoughts pertaining to conceptual or perceptual phenomena for which no underlying image schemas exist could potentially pose problems. Image schemas are learned young, often before language. In contemporary cognitive linguistics, an image schema is ...


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Your concern here conflates the issue of communication content with its form Why would a computer require eyes and fingers? It is capable of taking in an input signal, processing it, and then giving an output signal. The whole idea of the Turing test is to see if such a device can communicate with a human with sufficient sophistication/intelligence that ...


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You are in good company. Ironically, it is often taught like old toast. Philosophers must reinvent themselves or have their relevance calved every generation. I defended my thesis on Foucault 40 years ago and have been informed by my sophomore aged son that Michel has been reclassified from revolutionary sage to ridiculous. Sigh. It is a broad and uniquely ...


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This is more of a neuroscience or psychology answer, but its effects should apply to philosophical thinking as well. The brain has different modes or systems for different types of processing, as for example sequential symbolic versus parallel spacial. Concepts learned early in life probably rely at least in part on non-verbal systems. These deep-seated ...


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I always read "The Happiness of Fish" with Schopenhauer in the back of my mind. Obviously the “happiness” experienced by a human or a fish must mean something radically different. But what we do have in common is the will to exist (persist) and the level in which we succeed in doing this. I don’t think Zhuangzi is claiming that he knows exactly ...


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But when we make statements we use theories or maths in order to evaluate their truth value. Why we do that if the statements should be evaluated only according to real world? Because we already use theories or math when making statements. Words have no meaning without theories or math. If two people agree on the meaning of a word, that just means they ...


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Caveat Dcleve has touched upon two works that are popular in contemporary philosophy of mind, Consciousness Explained and Thinking, Fast and Slow. To his, I'll recommend a third reference: A Universe of Consciousness and answer less in the vein of cognitive science, and more in the vein of philosophy. Short Answer An exact answer to your question isn't known,...


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The short answer to this question, is that touches less than 500 msec are NEVER felt consciously. Your body starts reaction to an initially felt touch, but if the touch is not for long enough, it is dismissed as a threat, and consciousness is never informed. The longer answer is: Libet's work is very interesting, and the best interpretation of it is that at ...


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Short Answer If one embraces the dichotomy between utterance and meaning, it becomes possible to claim that not all utterances, even if they look like propositions, have meaning, necessarily. A prime example of this is in the meta-ethical theory of emotivism put forth by A.J. Ayers and others that claimed that a statement like 'Killing is wrong' doesn't mean ...


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A written proposition may be taken to be a shape in the world; when looked at, there is a cognitive reaction. The cognitive response has to happen and this denies the said emptiness : nothing does not exist, there is no void.


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