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Information, information that exists in the neural processes, is probably the physical quantity that correlates perfectly with consciousness. Consciousness is a very complex and dynamic entity: you’re conscious of many things that have a lot of complicated, fine details and that always change and change rapidly (in milliseconds), such as the consciousness ...


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Newton's Principia was a (maybe the most successful one) paradigm in modern science, exactly because it established "physics' rigor" for centuries. See Thomas Kuhn's Concept of a Paradigm : In normal science the key theories, instruments, values and metaphysical assumptions that comprise the disciplinary matrix are kept fixed, permitting the cumulative ...


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Yes, axioms do exist. Underlying the processes of science are several philosophical assumptions--aka 'axioms' or 'first principles.' They are necessary for making any and all inferences from scientific data, and really, even for the application and method of science itself. We take them for granted--like most philosophy--and don't think about them much. They ...


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