113 votes
Accepted

Fundamental idea on proving God's existence with science

I think part of the problem is: Science doesn't prove anything. Science, at its core, is simply a method of generating testable hypothesis that explain events, which are valued because of their use ...
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  • 1,194
103 votes

Why is faith seen as a sign of weakness, instead of an unexplored land/opportunity?

I will be writing this answer from the frank, blunt perspective of someone who is inclusive and accepting of all peoples and belief systems, but who tries to analyze my own personal pattern-matching. ...
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  • 1,309
80 votes
Accepted

Why is faith seen as a sign of weakness, instead of an unexplored land/opportunity?

There are already some excellent answers which cover most of what I want to say, but I can't resist jumping in as well... I'm going to refer to "me" as an (hopefully) relevant example of someone with ...
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  • 1,497
65 votes

Are we all ‘atheist’ or 'agnostic in a pandemic'?

I think you have a false premise. Your premise seems to be "Devout believers/adherents of the religion Islam believe that humans need not make any effort in their survival in the natural world." I ...
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  • 566
60 votes

Why are believers criticized so much for being anti-science when so many scientists are ... believers?

There is a difference between belief and theism I am more familiar with Hitchens's views and arguments than with Harris's ditto, so I will answer from that perspective only. Hitchens differed ...
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  • 4,816
55 votes
Accepted

What fallacy in Pascal's Wager allows replacing God with the devil?

This is not the only issue with Pascal's Wager, but what is described in the question is called the fallacy of proving too much. It happens when an argument is structured in such a way that the ...
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  • 40.7k
52 votes
Accepted

Should I respect other people's religions?

But I barely heard: We don't need to respect other people's religion but just respect people There is a whole movement called the New Atheists, who have a similar view to this (Richard Dawkins is ...
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46 votes
Accepted

Is it a fallacy, and if so which, to believe we are special because our existence on Earth seems improbable?

I believe you're thinking of the anthropic principle. There are actually two variations: The strong anthropic principle says that the universe was made the way it is so that humans could exist. The ...
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  • 816
42 votes

Why does Dawkins think it is wrong to posit that a paragon of 100% morals could theoretically exist?

dimension of comparison = something you can compare things about. i.e., consider two dogs: a toy poodle and a doberman pinscher. You can compare them in terms of size in which case size is the ...
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  • 24.3k
38 votes

Why is faith seen as a sign of weakness, instead of an unexplored land/opportunity?

I should know better than to jump into this fray. But I can't help myself since this is something I've wondered about myself. Here are the reasons I've collected over the years. Often times I don't ...
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38 votes

Is religion necessary for the good life?

From a Deontological point of view, I think that ethics are naturally approximated by virtue of reason alone, that is : There is something in us humans that belongs to our nature, and that has this ...
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  • 2,349
38 votes

Isn't the existence of Hell inherently evil, and isn't God therefore evil in allowing Hell to exist?

According to the Catechism of the Catholic Church: This state of definitive self-exclusion from communion with God and the blessed is called "hell." and The chief punishment of hell is ...
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37 votes

Is it a fallacy, and if so which, to believe we are special because our existence on Earth seems improbable?

The underlying problem (and fallacy) with this argument is sometimes referred to as the 'Texas Sharpshooter' fallacy. One is standing from a position of a known situation and asking what are the odds ...
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  • 371
34 votes

Why does Dawkins think it is wrong to posit that a paragon of 100% morals could theoretically exist?

Dawkins is using the concept of smelliness for laughs, but the serious point that he's making is that we are capable of judging smelliness without a supremum of smelliness. The same goes for elevation:...
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33 votes

How can one rebut the argument that atheism is inherently immoral?

I would argue that only an atheist can be moral. Imagine two men in a convenience store: one walks to the counter, makes a purchase, and leaves. Another has a knife in his pocket and intends to rob ...
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31 votes
Accepted

How can one rebut the argument that atheism is inherently immoral?

The argument you want to rebut seems to come in two parts, the second of which doesn't get much attention from your idealised religious person: morality requires a "fixed moral center" religious ...
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31 votes

Are we all ‘atheist’ or 'agnostic in a pandemic'?

There's a good joke about this. The Mississippi floods, but this guy stays put and says "God will save me". A policeman comes past and says "Better be going" but our guy says "God will save me". The ...
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  • 1,222
31 votes
Accepted

What is the name behind the concept of believing in God based on this logical deduction?

Sounds like one version of Pascal's Wager, which the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy article labels as The Argument From Superdominance, giving this quote from Pascal: “God is, or He is not.” But ...
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  • 2,772
26 votes

Why is faith seen as a sign of weakness, instead of an unexplored land/opportunity?

The problem with the most literal meaning of 'faith': "belief in something without proof" with respect to religion is that it's a philosophical dodge. For example if you (as a religious person) are ...
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25 votes

Should I respect other people's religions?

I want to add something to the answer of @AlexanderSKing: The question may be reformulated as "Should I be dogmatic?". Dogmatism can be understood as stating a "truth" and not only defending it (by ...
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  • 10.8k
23 votes

Why is faith seen as a sign of weakness, instead of an unexplored land/opportunity?

Because we live in an age in which science, which can be defined as a reason-based epistemic framework that relies on testing and evidence, is, at an unprecedented speed, closing the gap of knowledge ...
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  • 1,408
22 votes

Why does Dawkins think it is wrong to posit that a paragon of 100% morals could theoretically exist?

In my opinion this isn't actually a philosophical problem. What Dawkins is attempting to point out is that the fact that any two elements are comparable doesn't mean there are absolute maximums or ...
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  • 355
22 votes

Why are believers criticized so much for being anti-science when so many scientists are ... believers?

Well there are far fewer scientists than there are believers. Personally, I think believers find religion more relevant to their life than science. The main-stream religions have had millennia in ...
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20 votes
Accepted

Is there an advantage of a theistic account in terms of being able to define goodness?

This is a good question, and it's one people have known and thought about for a long time. The problem is so old that it has gone through several different formulations. What Einer writes above is ...
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  • 24.3k
20 votes

How can one rebut the argument that atheism is inherently immoral?

As a religious person, the way I usually hear this argument presented is a little different: Either morality is objective or subjective. Certainly, many common conclusions of subjective morality make ...
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19 votes

Are we all ‘atheist’ or 'agnostic in a pandemic'?

There are some religious groups --I'm thinking here of "prosperity" churches --that promote the message that nothing but good things will ever happen to the truly faithful. But these are definitely ...
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18 votes

Can belief in science be considered a form of theism?

Answer: No, but not for lack of trying. The many efforts to conflate scientific and religious belief are, in my view, quite shallow. Mere vandalizing of an important distinction. Both may be ...
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17 votes

In what way(s) does popular New Atheism fail to be philosophical?

Is it that New Atheism isn't philosophy? Yes -- it is not a philosophy; wikipedia describes it as "a social and political movement" first associated with Sam Harris, an American writer who holds a B....
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17 votes

Fundamental idea on proving God's existence with science

Attempts to show that God exists by looking at nature such as the Kalam Cosmological Argument can only assert "generic theism", as you rightly point out. If the argument holds, then how ...
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