11 votes
Accepted

Is there a causal influence of the mental on the physical?

The threat of epiphenomenalism is indeed a major issue intensively discussed in the last decades. But while there is a broad consensus against it, there is no agreement as to what exactly blocks it. ...
user avatar
  • 40.7k
6 votes

Does materialism presuppose that a self is a bundle of mental states and perceptions?

First, the constructive part. Crick, who is as physicalist on neuroscience as one can wish for, in Astonishing Hypothesis discusses "the processing postulate": "It suggests that we may be using the ...
user avatar
  • 40.7k
5 votes
Accepted

What's the problem with physicalism in philosophy of mind?

First a comment: I am surprised at your stating that "It seems that physicalism and functionalism in philosophy of mind has fallen out of popularity and into much criticism". All of the philosophy of ...
user avatar
5 votes
Accepted

Am I just a force of nature? (physicalist determinism)

Recall that forces are just mathematical structures that we have created as a convenience to help explain the behavior of the world around us; they do not define the behaviour of the world around us, ...
user avatar
4 votes

Why is Multiple Realizability considered to have refuted the type-identity theory of the mind?

As you already wrote, MR doesn't specifically contest Identity Theory. The two concepts are contrary, however. Type-Identity theory is just another way of saying that there must be, for each and every ...
user avatar
  • 2,385
4 votes
Accepted

What is the difference between functionalism and property dualism?

The main difference is that functionalism is not an ontological doctrine, although it imposes some constraints on ontology, while property dualism is. The point of functionalism is to reduce ...
user avatar
  • 40.7k
4 votes

Not Turing reducible = non-physical?

The laws of physics, in particular quantum physics, seem to imply that it is possible to construct a universal computer that could simulate any physical system with arbitrary accuracy, this is called ...
user avatar
  • 6,997
4 votes
Accepted

If materialism is true, then what accounts for pleasure and pain?

According to wikipedia, physicalism is now-a-days the preferred term to materialism in order to better include physical phenomenon which might be considered immaterial, e.g., fields or space itself. ...
user avatar
4 votes

Is there a boundary on 'physical'?

You're right, defining the physical properly is not an easy task. There are two types of approaches: you can start a priori by assuming some defining characterisics -- among the various propositions, ...
user avatar
4 votes

Physicalism + book recommendations

Developing a mature philosophic worldview is a decade-long project, as philosophy is such a diverse field, and its subjects are pretty difficult to get a good grasp of, because it are those fields ...
user avatar
  • 4,151
3 votes

Is there a causal influence of the mental on the physical?

One could simply argue that human knowledge is reducible to the physical, and then there's no causal problem. The serious problem for all theories of mind, I think, is the so-called hard problem of ...
user avatar
  • 6,458
3 votes

What is the difference between Naturalism and Physicalism?

Naturalism in the broad sense is a very loose attitude, far looser than even materialism, let alone physicalism, because the notion of "nature" is left open to interpretation. Defined negatively as "...
user avatar
  • 40.7k
3 votes
Accepted

Are there thought experiments about physicalism?

I was surprised to learn that this one (from the "Related" sidebar), regarding philosophical zombies, is actually used in published philosophical works as a refutation of physicalism (David Chalmers ...
user avatar
3 votes

How do res cogitans and res extensa interact?

For monists, such as Plotinus or Spinoza, they are but different versions of the same essence. Plotinus for example would hold the res extensa to be "gross spirit", and the res cogitans to be "...
user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

How do res cogitans and res extensa interact?

In all religions what ever existed there are soul and God Hinduism doesn't have 'God'; it does have Brahman, which is sometimes identified with it; since in this sense it is a monotheistic aspect of ...
user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

Existence of abstract objects for a physicalist

You can say that a neural representation of abstract objects physically exist; that wouldn't be controversial for a physicalist. You need only postulate, however, that certain computational systems (...
user avatar
  • 15.6k
3 votes

What would non-reductive physicalists say about the mind and teleportation?

Since in quantum teleportation the entirety of the physical body is destroyed and reformed on the other side, the mind would be different because the matter of the brain has been changed and the mind ...
user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

Is the concept of information nonphysical?

Information is a non-physical concept, but it is very common to implement this information via organization of physical objects. For example, the 1's and 0's of a computer program are a non-physical ...
user avatar
  • 17.2k
3 votes
Accepted

Would it be trivial to think the physical as those entities which are necessary for a maximally complete physics?

Your question presumes a variety of framing assumptions which are now generally held not to be true by most philosophers. First, you are presuming that "completeness of physics" would mean that "...
user avatar
  • 4,151
3 votes
Accepted

Physicalism - continuity of personal identity

Indeed as you conceived, it's very hard for physicalism to ground continuity of personal identity as wiki reference here: One concept of personal persistence over time is simply to have continuous ...
user avatar
  • 3,805
3 votes

Physicalism + book recommendations

If you really want your mind opened, you should read contrary opinions to what you believe. Most people don't really understand those who disagree with them in philosophy, religion, politics, and ...
user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

PhilPapers Survey 2020, Why do so many physicalists deny consciousness of future AI systems?

It is perplexing, isn't it. I've encountered it on here, eg in the comments to this: Can minds be uploaded in computers? which is also an answer relevant to this topic, about the challenges of ...
user avatar
  • 9,633
2 votes

Would rebuilding a human body rebuild the person it was?

Derek Parfit (of Reasons and Persons fame) lists the definition of the self that is implicit in your scenario as only one of many alternative views that are held also by experts in the field: The ...
user avatar
  • 1,654
2 votes

Why is Multiple Realizability considered to have refuted the type-identity theory of the mind?

Why they are incompatable If you have any math background, there is an easy analogy to explain the difference. Given A is the set of all physical states, and B the set of all mental ones, Type Theory ...
user avatar
  • 654
2 votes

Why is Multiple Realizability considered to have refuted the type-identity theory of the mind?

For this question, it might help to parse what type-identity theory means and what multiple realizability means. type identity The idea is that a type, i.e. a mental state, maps onto a physical brain ...
user avatar
  • 24.3k

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible