9 votes
Accepted

A supposedly new argument for the existence of God?

I don't think this is in essence any different from various ontological arguments; I don't think it bears much relation to Plantinga's Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism. (Plantinga does have a ...
  • 15.7k
8 votes
Accepted

What makes a basic belief a properly basic belief?

In general, what makes it properly basic is that it is justified. The word "properly," in this context, means "justified." A properly basic belief is a belief that has two properties: (1) it is ...
  • 96
7 votes

What is the explanation for inferring existence in every possible world from existence in some in Plantinga's Ontological Argument?

This looks like a "lame terms" redux of Plantinga's "victorious" ontological argument from The Nature of Necessity. Here is Plantinga's explanation of why if a maximally great ...
  • 41.2k
6 votes

What is Plantinga's "trivial property"?

Plantinga uses the concept of non-trivial properties in his transworld depravity defense of God's benevolence, see How does free will defense of God's benevolence work? Ciprotti in Theological ...
  • 41.2k
5 votes
Accepted

How does Plantinga's free will defense of God's benevolence work?

Geirsson and Losonsky, in Plantinga and the Problem of Evil (from your "P.S." statement) fail at least two ways in attempting to address Plantinga's argument: Counter-Factuals (CFs) are possible ...
  • 926
4 votes

A supposedly new argument for the existence of God?

This argument appears to be a variation on one raised by Descartes in the Meditations. His argument is (proceeding from memory) as follows: We have adventitious, innate, and aggregated ideas. ...
  • 24.1k
4 votes
Accepted

Is metaphysical necessity an unambiguous concept, and if so, how do we capture it?

Kripke (naming and necessity) is often held responsible for reintroducing metaphysical necessity in contemporary philosophy. You'll find some examples from ordinary language in Naming and Necessity, ...
3 votes

Is Western atheism a kind of Protestant religion?

I am puzzled by Plantinga's reservation to call naturalism a religion. What is this vagueness he refers to? Plantinga's implications of placing naturalism -- and, perhaps, atheism -- with other ...
3 votes
Accepted

How do non-theists explain the reliability of our cognitive faculties given Plantinga’s EAAN?

It is true that human reason reaches vastly beyond what is needed for hunting a mammoth, or even for handling more complex situations arising from social behavior and language. Sure, a lot in nature ...
  • 3,951
3 votes

How do non-theists explain the reliability of our cognitive faculties given Plantinga’s EAAN?

Our cognitive faculties - alike to our bodily organs - have developed in adaption to our ecological niche. We know the basic mechanisms of evolution like mutation and selection. We know that the gene ...
  • 20.6k
3 votes
Accepted

Does Plantinga's freewill defense approach to the problem of evil conflict with current standards of moral responsibility?

The end point of Plantinga's defense is that without evil, there is no good. And by extension of his argument, without free will, there are no real relationships and no real love. Given that, the ...
  • 926
3 votes

What are the problems with Plantinga's evolutionary argument against naturalism (EAAN)?

There are two formulations of the Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism (EAAN). The one outlined in the cited notes (NOTES) uses the earlier, pre-2008, version where naturalism is described through ...
2 votes

How does Plantinga's free will defense of God's benevolence work?

But then every free creature is necessarily transworld depraved, in other words transworld depravity is a logical consequence of being a free creature. This doesn't work even under the libertarianist ...
  • 2,961
2 votes

Does Plantinga's freewill defense approach to the problem of evil conflict with current standards of moral responsibility?

i don't see Plantinga's argument the same way as LightCC does. i believe that Plantinga is a Christian apologist. most Christians believe in the concept of Heaven where there is no evil and there is ...
2 votes
Accepted

Where can one find the most fully developed version of EAAN with the four-part defense of premise 1?

The Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism (EAAN) is an argument against naturalism not atheism in general nor any specific evolution theory. Evolution viewed theistically includes the add-on that ...
2 votes

What are the problems with Plantinga's evolutionary argument against naturalism (EAAN)?

Plantinga is playing a semantic trick in his last step by switching R (reliability) with N (naturalism) which destroys his reliance on Bayes' theorem. He concludes that our belief forming mechanisms ...
2 votes

What are the problems with Plantinga's evolutionary argument against naturalism (EAAN)?

I have seen the version of Plantinga's argument that includes your premises 1–3 above, doesn't adopt premise 4, and concludes that since beliefs held by organisms produced by organic evolution aren't ...
  • 5,378
2 votes

What is the explanation for inferring existence in every possible world from existence in some in Plantinga's Ontological Argument?

It's because it is greater to exist necessarily than contingently. To exist in every possible world means to exist necessarily, and to exist only in some possible world means to exist contingently. ...
2 votes
Accepted

Evaluating One of the Premises of Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism

For clarity let’s assume the word “rational” means the ability to construct a reason for something regardless of whether it is true or false. That is we have cognitive faculties that allow us to come ...
2 votes
Accepted

Is Western atheism a kind of Protestant religion?

To some degree it simply comes down to a definition of terms. In atheist media, whether a debate, book, or podcast much time is dedicated to defining religion in a certain way. Two ways in ...
  • 124
2 votes
Accepted

What is the difference between warrant and justification according to Plantinga?

This one is right in the WP article on Alvin Plantinga: Plantinga discusses his view of Reformed epistemology and proper functionalism in a three-volume series. In the first book of the trilogy, ...
  • 11.5k
1 vote
Accepted

Does Plantinga view God as knowing precisely what a human being will choose to do?

An article by Stephen T. Davis is useful here. We can pick it up at the point where it cites an argument from Nelson Pike. The article addresses the reconciliation, possible or not, of divine ...
  • 34.6k
1 vote

Warranted Atheist Belief

Here are a few, taken from Alvin Plantinga's "Warranted Christian Belief": How can you believe in something that's supposedly infinite, all-powerful, etc etc etc which a finite being like you ...
1 vote
Accepted

Better Understanding Plantinga's Argument Against Naturalism

As reference see Alvin Plantinga’s Where the Conflict Really Lies: Science, Religion, & Naturalism. The “Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism” is contained in Part IV Deep Conflict, pages 307-...
1 vote

Is the logical problem of evil still argued?

Consider the argument over this issue between Plantinga and Pike and see what we can adjudicate : For some fifteen years now, Alvin Plantinga has been offering the Free Will Defense (FWD) in ...
  • 34.6k
1 vote

Is the logical problem of evil still argued?

In contemporary philosophy, is Plantinga generally considered to have been successful in his attempted refutation of the logical problem of evil? Absolutely not. At best his argument could be ...
  • 1,733
1 vote

Is the logical problem of evil still argued?

How do you define 'evil'? Is it a cause of negativity at every causal link, from every frame of reference? Such Divine Evil and Divine Good is not perceived on this plane - even wiping our all of life ...
1 vote

Does Alvin Plantinga's solution to the problem of divine action entail a total denial of the applicability of Newtonian physics to the world?

To see that causally closed systems need not become forever open once an agent interferes with the system externally, suppose I run a program on an isolated computer that performs a simple, but ...

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