54 votes
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Did Plato say “Never discourage anyone who continually makes progress, no matter how slow”?

This is from the dialogue titled Sophist, the Fowler translation at perseus.tufts.edu gives it as: No one should be discouraged, Theaetetus, who can make constant progress, even though it be slow. ...
Hypnosifl's user avatar
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13 votes
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Who is Plato and Socrates' God?

Whether Plato's character of Socrates or Plato himself believed in a God or many Gods is not perfectly clear. Additionally, we can't ascribe any sort of belief to the historical Socrates; we just don'...
Not_Here's user avatar
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11 votes
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Does Nietzsche's rejection of Socrates mean that he is a relativist about ethics?

I believe the Nietzsche's passage referred to is this one: "Socrates' decadence is suggested not only by the admitted wantonness and anarchy of his instincts, but also by the hypertrophy of the ...
Conifold's user avatar
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11 votes
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Did Plato believe in reincarnation?

Yes, and the Phaedo and the Republic (to cite just two texts) provide evidence for this. Phaedo Running through the dialogue has been the thought that soul and body are sharply distinct and ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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10 votes

Plato and the knowledge of the forms

I'm not sure Plato directly answers this question, but the dialogs clearly suggest the answer is yes. Plato frequently uses the metaphor of traveling closer or further away from the divine, immortal ...
Chris Sunami's user avatar
9 votes
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Buddhism in Phaedo

SOCRATES VERSUS BUDDHA ON THE SOUL If Buddhism denies the existence of any continuing self or soul, this appears to conflict with Socrates' view of a continuing soul which is freed and released from ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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9 votes
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What's the origin of this quote from Plato? "To suffer the penalty of too much haste, which is too little speed"

Plato, Statesman, 264: Stranger Let us, then, not make our division as we did before, with a view to all, nor in a hurry, with the idea that we may thus reach political science quickly, for that has ...
Mauro ALLEGRANZA's user avatar
9 votes
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What is the origin of the idea that moral realism requires a god?

Your understanding of Euthyphro sounds inverted. At the time, the idea that "good" was just a name for what the gods approve of was a commonplace. Plato's goal here, in fact, is to replace ...
Chris Sunami's user avatar
8 votes
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Why there are so many blunders/fallacies in Plato's Dialogues?

Plato believed in deeper levels of Truth and Reality underlying the world as we know it. Because of the relative imperfection of our own world, we can not fully express or directly communicate deeper ...
Chris Sunami's user avatar
8 votes

Does the arc of history bend toward justice.?

Martin Buber, in his "Rung of Redemption," once cited a prophecy that goes something like, "The tears of Esau will not cease until the time of the anointed one," which he ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
7 votes
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Is Plato's Callicles an example of Nietzsche's Übermensch? Is the Epicurean hedonist?

Well, in some ways Callicles comes close. One easily recognizes some of the key themes of Nietzsche's master morality there: the strong dominate the weak by nature, laws protecting the weak are unfair ...
Conifold's user avatar
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7 votes
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Was Plato an idealist or a realist?

Both Plato and Gödel were mathematical platonists. Both held that mathematical objects existed abstractly and outside of spacetime. This is what we would call mathematical realism. This position is ...
Lothrop Stoddard's user avatar
7 votes
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Where can I find the untranslated Greek text of Plato's republic?

The Perseus Collection is a great online collection of ancient texts in their original languages (with a built in translation dictionary) as well as lots of different English translations. Here is the ...
Not_Here's user avatar
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7 votes
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Does Socrates fear Euthyphro?

You said "With these two comments in mind, could we infer that Socrates fears Euthyphro?" By just taking two comments from such a large conversation, you are going to conclude somethings which may be ...
Giannos Antoniou's user avatar
7 votes

Did Plato believe in reincarnation?

See the Myth of Er : "a legend that concludes Plato's Republic". In the final part (617d–621b), a priest of Lachesis tells the returning souls that they must choose their next incarnate ...
Mauro ALLEGRANZA's user avatar
7 votes
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Is Heraclitus really a Mobilist?

Welcome, Delforge Heraclitus and constant change - a vexed question THE thought of Heraclitus of Ephesus is still often summarized as " All things are flowing ", panta rhei; by which it is ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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7 votes
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I don't understand how Plato's State is ideal

IMHO, the meaning of the Republic is is usually lost on modern readers. At first Socrates describes a very simple state, and describes such a state as "perfected". But his interlocutor asks ...
Math Keeps Me Busy's user avatar
7 votes

Platonic love and "sapiosexuality"

They are definitionally incompatible. Platonic love is a kind of love in which sexual desires are not present or have been suppressed. X-sexuality is sexual desire for X. Hence sapiosexuals, if such ...
g s's user avatar
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7 votes

For Plato, what is a perfect circle?

A perfect circle is an idea, hence an abstract entity which cannot be seen by our eyes but can be captured with our mind. Plato exemplifies the ascend from the world of concrete visible objects to the ...
Jo Wehler's user avatar
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6 votes
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Plato books for a philosophy newcomer

Original. As long as you are interested in a specific author, always the orignial (although for some there might be reading groups/seminars necessary, like Kant, Hegel, Foucault, etc. - but that is ...
Philip Klöcking's user avatar
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6 votes

Did Plato say "In order to argue, you must express your opponents argument better than they could?"

I'm not sure about Plato, but the interpretive principle that is described in the question has been discussed in modern analytic philosophy, and has been nicknamed the principle of charity. In ...
Ram Tobolski's user avatar
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6 votes

Why was music such a fascination for philosophers and mathematicians alike?

Why restrict yourself to philosophers and mathematicians? Lots of people are interested in music, many more than are actually interested in either of the disciplines mentioned above. And most are ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
6 votes

From dialogue to monologue : Why (Platonic) Socrates claims to know nothing but manages to give book-length speeches all the time?

The Platonic Socrates did not claim that he knew nothing. When asked by Chaerephon whether there were any wiser than Socrates, the Delphic Oracle replied that there was no one wiser (Apology, 21A). ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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6 votes

The concept of eudaimonia

Eudaimonia, happiness, and well-being The standard definition of eudaimonia used to be that it denotes happiness. In recent decades a more satisfactory rendering has been found in notions such as ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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6 votes

I don't understand how Plato's State is ideal

There is a single key to all of Plato's work: His primary goal is NOT to explain the world as it is (which is what Aristotle tried to do). His primary goal was to paint a picture of the "ideal&...
Chris Sunami's user avatar
6 votes

Does the arc of history bend toward justice.?

It is the nature of humans that we are far better at achieving what we think is reasonably achievable, than what we think is not. Clear-eyed judgement on the reality of justice in the world, may well ...
Dcleve's user avatar
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5 votes

What was ancient Philosophy written on/with?

According to Quintilian (Inst. 8 6.64) and Diogenes Laertius (3.37), Plato probably first wrote on wax tablets, and then retranscribed them on papyrus. The image of the wax tablet (Plato: Theaetetus, ...
Florian Marion's user avatar

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