7 votes

Does science provide the most accurate depiction of reality for analyzing and describing an accurate worldview?

The word "best" implies value judgments, and can't be evaluated independent of your goals for your worldview. But there are clear practical and pragmatic reasons why science is currently a dominant ...
Chris Sunami's user avatar
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6 votes

Why is Marxism (not) historicist?

Like every -ism, also Historicism can be used as an over-simplifying label. Having said that, the starting point must be Hegel's Philosophy of History; Hegel's philosophy is complex and his Philosophy ...
Mauro ALLEGRANZA's user avatar
6 votes

What is a good layman's introduction to Popper?

The best second hand accounts of Popper are in chapters 3 and 7 of David Deutsch's book "The Fabric of Reality" or Chapters 1, 2, 9, 10, 15,16 of "The Beginning of Infinity" by Deutsch. The vast ...
alanf's user avatar
  • 7,864
6 votes

Which movement was Karl Popper talking about?

Here is a longer quote from the preface to Open Society and its Enemies: I see now more clearly than ever before that even our greatest troubles spring from something that is as admirable and ...
Dcleve's user avatar
  • 13.8k
6 votes

Why is an open society so totalitarian?

Although I don't normally suggest people read Wikipedia, its Open Society is worth reviewing. In effect, 'openness' in an open society is a position of moral universalism, where a society actively ...
Ted Wrigley's user avatar
  • 19.6k
5 votes

What role do values have in science according to Popper?

Popper followed logical positivists (despite arguing with them on other issues) in separating “statements of empirical science from non-empirical statements”, the so-called demarcation. Therefore ...
Conifold's user avatar
  • 43.1k
5 votes

Popper vs Kuhn, Science and Progression

Regarding progress specifically, it might be useful to start with Peirce. Peirce proposed a pragmatist conception of truth as the limit point of the process of empirical investigation and critique — ...
Dan Hicks's user avatar
  • 2,507
5 votes

Does Popper's theory of falsification apply to mathematics?

It is the other way around. Falsification is just a statistical form of proof by contradiction. In proof by contradiction, you start off by assuming that a premise p is true. Then you show that such ...
Daniel Goldman's user avatar
5 votes

Does Popper's falsification view of the problem of induction have any implications for the NEW riddle of induction?

Goodman's new riddle of induction is old wine in new bottles. The substance behind the problem of induction is the following. People imagine that they arrive at theories by looking at evidence and ...
alanf's user avatar
  • 7,864
5 votes

Which movement was Karl Popper talking about?

Conifold is right - we need to look further back than the Enlightenment. No historical phenomenon can be given a fixed date of origin but the Enlightenment as Popper would have understood it was ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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5 votes

Is Karl Popper a logical positivist?

Usually Karl Popper is credited with having contributed to the death of logical positivism, so no, I wouldn't say Karl Popper is a logical positivist. That being said, many analytic philosophers ...
Adam Sharpe's user avatar
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5 votes
Accepted

Why must a complement class be infinite on universal statements? (Popper - The Logic of Scientific Discovery)

I share your puzzlement. In case (1), a theory x is falsifiable in a higher degree than theory y iff the class of potential falsifiers of x is a proper superset of that of y. What Popper is getting at ...
Bumble's user avatar
  • 25.2k
4 votes

Why did Karl Popper criticize Karl Marx's ideas?

I will add here an anarcho-communist perspective in broad lines. Marx supported his critique of bourgeois democracy (The critique of the Hegelian philosophy of Right) in Hegel's text "Philosophy of ...
John Am's user avatar
  • 1,324
4 votes
Accepted

Popper vs the Argument from Ignorance

Stephen Thornton describes Popper's position on scientific theories as follows: As such it [a scientific theory] can be tested and falsified, but never logically verified. Thus Popper stresses that ...
Frank Hubeny's user avatar
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4 votes
Accepted

Was Popper against historicism?

Yes, Popper was a harsh critic of Historicism as represented by Hegel and Marx with their "belief that history develops inexorably and necessarily according to certain principles or rules towards a ...
Mauro ALLEGRANZA's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

Does Popper's falsification view of the problem of induction have any implications for the NEW riddle of induction?

Here is my understanding of Karl Popper and Nelson Goodman. Both talk about whether and when observations may corroborate a given hypothesis. Popper concludes that observations may falsify, but never ...
Mark Andrews's user avatar
  • 6,246
4 votes

What is the post-modernist response to Francis Fukuyama's theory that technological developments give history a specific direction?

I assume you refer to his early work The Order of Things, where the arbitrary changes between different episteme are revealed via "The Archaeology of Knowledge". Based on that book, we can ...
Philip Klöcking's user avatar
  • 13.9k
3 votes
Accepted

Is Popper correct on Anaximanders theory?

I can try a (more or less) intelligent guess.. First, Anaximander's theory is counter - observational because there are no similar observations (of a static body suspended in mid air) here on earth. ...
Ram Tobolski's user avatar
  • 7,391
3 votes

What is a good layman's introduction to Popper?

Popper is a true giant, and second-hand or condensed accounts will deprive you of the life-changing experience of reading him. As Schopenhauer wrote, For the thoughts of those extraordinary minds ...
David C. Norris's user avatar
3 votes

Cases with Poppers theories?

Strength Popper got his name recognition among logical positivists for his falsification theory of testing hypotheses. Popper criticized confirmation theory for being logically invalid, as it commits ...
Nanhee Byrnes PhD's user avatar
3 votes

Is Popper's Solution to the Problem of Induction still valid?

First, what is described in the question as Popper's solution, is not his solution, but his formulation of the problem. That is, the problem of induction. In essence, Popper fully accepted David Hume'...
Ram Tobolski's user avatar
  • 7,391
3 votes

Is Karl Popper a logical positivist?

The quick and easy answer to your question is no. In fact, Popper was a critic of logical positivism. From WP on Popper: Here, he criticised psychologism, naturalism, inductivism, and logical ...
J D's user avatar
  • 26.6k
3 votes

Are unfalsifiable statements valid? Two Medical Doctors met with Jesus and wrote a statement about it

People always seem to conflate the experience of something with a theory about something... Assuming that Bill & Janet are not lying, they clearly had an experience of seeing someone sitting on ...
Ted Wrigley's user avatar
  • 19.6k
3 votes
Accepted

How can circles be a subclass of ellipses? Popper

A circle can be treated as a special class of ellipse: one in which the two foci coincide. As such it would be a proper subclass: all circles are ellipses. (It is not universally accepted, though. ...
Mary's user avatar
  • 1,988
3 votes

Why is an open society so totalitarian?

You are setting out to discuss really important issues. But you do so from a radical, polarized position (as in "in practice it ends up being the exact opposite of what it claims to be"), so ...
Ludwig V's user avatar
  • 2,757
3 votes

Why is an open society so totalitarian?

The word "totalitarianism" has a few interrelated meanings, but so it tends to be used to identify regimes that kill large numbers or at least percentages of people in line with the themes ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
3 votes

Why is an open society so totalitarian?

A Frame issue When I was child, my mum was trying to explain the world to me and she said, "There are two Germany-s; the German democratic republic and the Federal republic of Germany. Of these ...
Rushi's user avatar
  • 2,801
3 votes

Why is an open society so totalitarian?

They don't. You are misusing the term 'pure totalitarianism'. Your question could be re-phrased to ask why liberal societies tend to be intolerant of people with certain views. I consider it to be ...
Marco Ocram's user avatar
  • 21.7k
2 votes

Is this type of induction a problem?

If you use induction to create conjectures, e.g. the Riemann Hypothesis, that's quite OK. Every method is allowed to create conjectures. Using induction to create conjectures is the method of ...
Jo Wehler's user avatar
  • 31.6k

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