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To you, strict utilitarianism has one rule: contribute to a net gain in happiness. Rule utilitarianism begins by acknowledging that one rule is not enough, even if all rules lead to one rule: contribute to a net gain in happiness. It's acknowledging we need a constitution, and law for law and order. This does lead to thousands of rules (laws) as you say, but ...


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Typically, it will be enough to imagine one or two rules and consider the utility of the consequences if you would follow these rules, generally. The textbook example is the broken promise. Imagine, you made a promise to pay a kid 10$ to mow your lawn. After the job is done, you consider giving the 10$ to charity where it would be passed to a child much more ...


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In what text, or conference, or where, does George Edward Moore confess that we do not really know those sentences that he so much defended that we knew? There's a confusion here about what Ayer is saying. Ayer--in the quote you provide--says that Moore doesn't know the correct analysis of the propositions. He does not say that Moore doesn't know the ...


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