7 votes
Accepted

Is Heraclitus really a Mobilist?

Welcome, Delforge Heraclitus and constant change - a vexed question THE thought of Heraclitus of Ephesus is still often summarized as " All things are flowing ", panta rhei; by which it is ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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6 votes
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Were any pre-Socratic philosophers interested in building schools/academies?

Plato and Pythagoras There is evidence that the Platonic Academy was modelled on Pythagoras's school in Sicily : The Academy (probably modeled after Pythagoras's school in Sicily) was ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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5 votes
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How did the Anaximander’s fragment challenge Greek philosophy?

I think the OP refers to Joseph Margolis's essay The Limits of Metaphysics and the Limits of Certainty in the Antifoundationalism volume that gives an unorthodox interpretation of apeiron explicitly ...
Conifold's user avatar
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5 votes

Academic consensus on Thales being hylozoist or panpsychist (or alternatives)

Both hylozism and panpsychism post-dated Thales. The former describes one of Aristotles doctrines and the latter is a 20th C doctrine. We have far too little evidence to characterise him as either. ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
4 votes

Weren't there any philosophers from Africa, America or the Middle East before Socrates?

First, Define Philosophy I would argue, contra some of the answers above, that what we call philosophy is, perhaps arbitrarily, a specific historical tradition usually traced to Thales and the ...
Nelson Alexander's user avatar
4 votes

Did Plato ever see a book by Anaxagoras?

Everything that Anaxagoras wrote survived until well after Plato's time. The so-called "fragments" of the Pre-Socratic philosophers are fragmentary only to us. They were transmitted to us by ...
b a's user avatar
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3 votes
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Did Plato ever see a book by Anaxagoras?

Leaving aside what is reasonable doubt and what is evidence enough, some remarks can be useful here. Laertius, in a passage that is not exactly clear (II.10), seems to say that Anaxagoras was the ...
sand1's user avatar
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3 votes

What is known of Anaximander's reasoning behind his belief that the Earth floated?

Very few fragments extant. The source is Aristotle, De Caelo, II, 13: [295b10-296a21] there are some, Anaximander, for instance, among the ancients, who say that the earth keeps its place because of ...
Mauro ALLEGRANZA's user avatar
3 votes

Is Protagoras the philosophical root of the "Turing Test"?

Protagoras's famous statement that "man is the measure of all things" has been variously related to relativism, Perspectivism, subjectivism, phenomenalism, anti-realism and skepticism. But ...
Ram Tobolski's user avatar
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3 votes

Weren't there any philosophers from Africa, America or the Middle East before Socrates?

Presocratics in Greece Socrates is a false marker for the start of philosophy even in Greece. To begin, if he wrote anything, nothing has come down to us and it is possible (as tradition has it) that ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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3 votes
Accepted

Why does Parmenides impose a limit on his Being?

Leonardo Tarán discusses in detail lines 42-49 in Fragment VIII (pages 150-160). Here are some comments on those pages. He claims "The ancients were already divided about the interpretation to be ...
Frank Hubeny's user avatar
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3 votes
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Thales's views on marriage and sexuality

The source of stories about Thales, marriage, children and sexuality is mainly Diogenes Laertius, Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers, given extra circulation in Plutarch's Lives. Given, ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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3 votes
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Is there a word in philosophical Greek with the meaning of "certainty" (e.g. as in Wittgenstein's "On Certainty")

Notice that the idea of certainty has been detached as a philosophical term in and of itself as treated, for instance, in Baron Reed's SEoP article Certainty relatively recently. Ancient philosophers ...
Tankut Beygu's user avatar
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2 votes

Why is Aristotle's objection not considered a resolution to Zeno's paradox?

The most clear way for me to resolve this famous-seemingly-deep-hard paradox lies in the modern infinite calculus which can be clearly expressed using Leibnitz dx symbol. So in summary, Zeno "...
Double Knot's user avatar
  • 3,893
2 votes

Why is Aristotle's objection not considered a resolution to Zeno's paradox?

There is a difference between a point and an indivisible. I guess the important thing is to consider the distinction. The easy way out here is to consider a point as an object without magnitude and ...
MP Khasuli's user avatar
2 votes
Accepted

Why did Parmenides rely on a fantastic fable to explain a sensitive-refusing theory?

Introduction I think there are two points to consider: 1) The way philosophy worked these days, i.e. through poetry and 2) The problem of being "lost in translation". I think most of us ...
Philip Klöcking's user avatar
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2 votes

Paradox of motion in the emptiness

The paradox comes about because there are several statements that are not true. Lets start by examining each, one at a time: 1- In order to move, a body needs emptiness (void, space); true. 2- ...
Guill's user avatar
  • 1,775
2 votes

Did a lot of Greek philosophers believe lying is impossible?

The Liar Paradox has rather long story, starting around 600BC, and which mentions Eubulides, Chrysippus, Aristotle and other Greek thinkers: this is an indirect proof that for them lying would have ...
sand1's user avatar
  • 3,704
2 votes

Did a lot of Greek philosophers believe lying is impossible?

Does it follow, because and if falsehood of belief or utterance is impossible, therefore lying is impossible ? Lying involves an intent to mislead. Suppose, what is logically possible, that all liars ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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2 votes

On the meaning of "θάνατός ἐστιν ὁκόσα ἐγερθέντες ὁρέομεν, ὁκόσα δὲ εὕδοντες ὕπνος"

B21: 'Death is all things we see awake; all we see asleep is sleep (thanatos estin hokosa egerthentes horeomen, hokosa de ehudontes hupnos). ('B21' - numeration from 6th edition of Diels-Kranz, ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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2 votes

Why does Parmenides impose a limit on his Being?

Parmenides' fragments are not easy to manage ... It seems that the notion of "limit" is connected to the rejection of the infinite by many ancient Greek philosophers. See Aristotle, Phys.III, 6, ...
Mauro ALLEGRANZA's user avatar
2 votes

Weren't there any philosophers from Africa, America or the Middle East before Socrates?

Ancient China and Ancient Greece, in particular, are notable in that they had similar traditions of elaborated, influential, systematic writings that are clearly identifiable as philosophical that ...
Chris Sunami's user avatar
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2 votes

Did Thales believe in Hylozoism?

Welcome, Tommy Greim We have to rely mainly on Aristotle for our 'knowledge' of Thales' beliefs. Aristotle tells us (though under the proviso of labon isos - an admission of conjecture) that for ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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2 votes

The firmament in the hexaemeral cosmogony and compatibility with Thales

Water, God, and earth are present from the Beginning in the Genesis 1 creation story. God is not made of water, nor is earth, nor anything that God makes in Genesis 1. Whether Robot Zombie Thales ...
g s's user avatar
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1 vote

Is Zoroastrianism underappreciated when in relation to its influence of Early Greek Philosophy?

I would think so. Even in ancient Greece, Plato noted the parochialism of his fellow citizens when he pointed out that philosophy had antecedents, though he tended to point to ancient Egypt as a ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
1 vote
Accepted

Is Thales's claim that everything starts with water/wetness, in ontological meaning, in agreement with his claim that: "Everything is full of gods"?

Water, when poured into a vase, takes the shape of the vase; when poured into a hollow statue, it takes the shape of a statue. Then it's easy to go from here to think water is the arche of everything: ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
1 vote

Is Thales's claim that everything starts with water/wetness, in ontological meaning, in agreement with his claim that: "Everything is full of gods"?

Water is the arche. Everything is full of gods. They're consistent if only for the reason that they're not logically connected i.e. the truth/falsity one doesn't imply the truth/falsity of the other. ...
Agent Smith's user avatar
  • 3,662
1 vote

Simplicius of Cilicia - Citation System

The citation numbers used by Graham apparently refer to section numbers in the original Simplicius text. In the Bloomsbury translations, those section numbers (of the original Simplicius text) are ...
user1050268's user avatar
1 vote
Accepted

List of phenomena which can be explained by law of Thales that the earth floats on water

Thales proposed that everything is water. So there are two reasons to guess that the land floats on the waters before the idea that earthquakes are because of waves in that underlying water. Ice is ...
hide_in_plain_sight's user avatar

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