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The problem of evil is to reconcile the existence of evil with a deity who is omnipotent, omniscient and omnibenevolent.

The problem of evil is to reconcile the existence of evil with a deity who is omnipotent, omniscient and omnibenevolent. This concept of deity corresponds to the views of most Christians nowadays, while the Catholic Church doesn't use the term 'benevolence' in the liturgy or the catechism.

The original formulation of the problem was ascribed to Epicurus by Lactantius. However, modern scholars say that the argument is not only not Epicurean but even anti-Epicurean. In any case, Lactantius quotes:

  1. If an omnipotent, omniscient, and omnibenevolent god exists, then evil does not.
  2. There is evil in the world.
  3. Therefore, an omnipotent, omniscient, and omnibenevolent God does not exist.

For more information, see Wikipedia and the SEP.

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