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The thought experiment is known as Chrysippus’s Dog and goes back to the named ancient Stoic. It was discussed by many modern philosophers, including Dennett, see Chrysippus’s Dog as a Case Study in Non-Linguistic Cognition by Rescorla for a survey. Here is the description of Chrysippus's dog given by Sextus Empiricus: "[Chrysippus] declares that the ...


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Short Answer Rationalism tends to rely on deductively certain methods to establish the truth. Empirical truths are probable to a degree. It is a rational fact that given the theory of numbers, any number can be composed of a product of unique primes raised to a power. But is an empirical method only that can determine which prime number was used to generate ...


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