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13 votes
Accepted

What makes moral realism so popular a standpoint?

Moral Realism isn't a clear term. The way the survey is set up, some constructivists could label themselves under it. (I've also heard of terminology that puts Moral Relativism under Moral Realism, so ...
Marc H.'s user avatar
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9 votes

Does Quantum Entanglement Disprove the Principle of Locality?

In the relevant sense the answer is "no", the appearance of a "yes" is created by projecting classical intuitions about locality onto quantum objects. This is confusing because the definition of ...
Conifold's user avatar
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9 votes
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Does Quine's dissolution of the Analytic/Synthetic distinction challenge mathematical realism?

The short answer is that Quine is not a mathematical realist as intended in the question (on my reading of it). Why does he call himself a realist? Because he practices what he preaches. Indeterminacy ...
Conifold's user avatar
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9 votes
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Can the laws of physics and the constants of nature exist in a fundamental sense without mathematical realism?

As is the case with many questions on this and related topics, the real difficulty in making any progress is that the word 'exist' and phrases such as 'exist in a fundamental sense' are inherently ...
Marco Ocram's user avatar
8 votes
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Does something that exists hypothetically exist at all?

Like so many before you, you ask a question that is fundamental to meta-ontological theory. You ask a specific version of, what does it mean to exist? Should all things that can be conceived exist? Is ...
J D's user avatar
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7 votes
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Was Plato an idealist or a realist?

Both Plato and Gödel were mathematical platonists. Both held that mathematical objects existed abstractly and outside of spacetime. This is what we would call mathematical realism. This position is ...
Lothrop Stoddard's user avatar
7 votes

Different theistic religions contradict each other

If (from a religious perspective) god supposedly created all the religious rules, Not all religions subscribe to this. Buddhism for example doesn't really talk about who created the rules, and ...
Alexander S King's user avatar
7 votes

Is G.E. Moore's here-is-one-hand argument a bit naive?

Euclid was mocked for demonstrating existence of triangles, and Peano for proving that 1 is a number (by Poincaré, no less), but both contributed to clarifying foundations of mathematics. Considering ...
Conifold's user avatar
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7 votes

What makes moral realism so popular a standpoint?

Moral realism I take to be broadly the view that moral judgements can be true or false, that some are true and are known to be true. There has been an upsurge of interest in and sympathy with moral ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
  • 35.8k
6 votes

Does Einstein's local realism in quantum mechanics imply superdeterminism?

You are right that Bell's inequalities do not rule out "superdeterminism" (Bell's term), as he himself acknowledged:"...if our measurements are not independently variable as we supposed...even if ...
Conifold's user avatar
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6 votes

Realism and idealism

'Realism' is used in different ways depending on the context and on what it is being contrasted with. For example, when speaking of realism with respect to properties or universals, realism is ...
Bumble's user avatar
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5 votes

Was Plato an idealist or a realist?

The main thing happening here is a shift in the meaning of terms. Specifically, the word "realist" has had many many different uses over time. The basic idea is that a realist believes something is ...
virmaior's user avatar
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5 votes
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How do we know that the superposition of states in quantum mechanics is a real phenomenon? Does this have philosophical significance?

The embarrassing truth for physics is that the ontology of quantum theory remains unclear. I might have some objections to your suggestion that electrons might 'disappear' between measurements- ...
Marco Ocram's user avatar
5 votes

Can the laws of physics and the constants of nature exist in a fundamental sense without mathematical realism?

Can the laws of physics and fundamental constants of nature exist without fundamental mathematical constants, operators, and equations also existing? Kinda depends on what in particular you mean by &...
haxor789's user avatar
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4 votes
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Is it possible to have faith in science while espousing anti-realism?

Science assumes the real world in the same sense we assume that the Sun goes around the Earth in our everyday lives, or mathematics assumes an ideal realm populated with numbers and structures. It is ...
Conifold's user avatar
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4 votes

What is the difference between everyday realism and metaphysical realism?

I think here the difference in certainty is the difference in purpose. We put much more certainty into everyday realism because all we are using it for is practical action. And that indeed requires it,...
Conifold's user avatar
  • 43.4k
4 votes

What does Husserl say about 'space'?

Mature Husserl is usually seen as a mild anti-realist, but this is largely due to the maxim that phenomenology should be neutral (agnostic) on metaphysical matters because it is the data it produces ...
Conifold's user avatar
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4 votes
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Epistemic access to possible worlds for David Lewis and empiricism

David Lewis (IEP), a great contemporary philosophical mind, had empirical beliefs and certainly, like most professional contemporary philosophers, had a naturalized epistemology. But was he an ...
J D's user avatar
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4 votes
Accepted

How is scientific realism not an example of the fallacy of the converse?

Most of our normal thinking about the world is not purely deductive. When you wish to judge which is a better location for your papercraft business, or where you put your hat, or who is the current ...
causative's user avatar
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4 votes
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Is it possible for words to have a meaning other than how they are used?

Meanings of words are attributed to them by humans. One consequence is that you can never be sure whether the meaning of a word intended by the person who utters or writes it is the same as the ...
Marco Ocram's user avatar
4 votes

Why do realists insist that universals EXIST?

It is all wordplay about the meaning of the word exist. If there are ten apples in the universe, then you can say numbers exist. If the apples have stalks, you can say stalks exist. If the apples are ...
Marco Ocram's user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

Does semantic externalism imply modal realism?

This question seems to have been resurrected; I trust no-one minds if I answer it. If a philosopher accepts semantic externalism and accepts that possible worlds are the correct form of semantics ...
possibleWorld's user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

What are facts as considered independently of any thinking being?

"The sun rises every morning". That is a fact about reality. But it is a string of letters unless one understands what "sun", "rises", "every" and "morning" mean. What they mean has to be established ...
Conifold's user avatar
  • 43.4k
3 votes
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How does Kant rule out permanent soul in his argument for the existence of external world?

Körner is referring to the Refutation of Idealism argument (B274–279), directed against the skepticism about the external world attributed to Descartes and Berkeley. The idealism in question is the "...
Conifold's user avatar
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3 votes
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For a mathematical realist, is there a distinction between real mathematical objects and constructed mathematical objects?

Yes there is. Maddy takes this position in Perception and Mathematical Intuition, and so do recent mathematical Aristotelians. The alternative of believing it all real usually comes with full blown ...
Conifold's user avatar
  • 43.4k
3 votes
Accepted

When Aristotle is speaking of things that are clear to us, is he thinking of entities or formulas?

I must extend some sympathy to Charlton because Aristotle's remarks at the start of Physics I are compressed and gnomic. ▻ SUBJECT-MATTER OF PHYSICS The subject-matter of Aristotelian physics is, ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
  • 35.8k
3 votes

Are all pancomputationalist models for the universe compatible with informational realism?

Pancomputationalism is a term encompassing all paradigms of a computational world, which proceed from the realization that nature can successfully be explained by computable scientific models. It ...
wizzwizz4's user avatar
  • 2,160
3 votes

Realism vs Antirealism...why does it matter?

I assume your question is about scientific realism. The debate can be framed as a question concerning what science aims to achieve, and what it's successful at: is it at discovering the fundamental ...
Quentin Ruyant's user avatar
3 votes

Why is Plato's Idealism and German Idealism so different?

Well, first of all, Platonic Idealism is often called Platonic Realism. This is because Plato believed that pure ideas exist outside of mind, and that they are in fact only true reality, while world ...
rs.29's user avatar
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