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13 votes
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What makes moral realism so popular a standpoint?

Moral Realism isn't a clear term. The way the survey is set up, some constructivists could label themselves under it. (I've also heard of terminology that puts Moral Relativism under Moral Realism, so ...
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12 votes
Accepted

What is the Anti-Realist and Constructionist interpretation of empirical dating methods and existence of the past?

Dummett, the founder of modern analytic anti-realism, emphasizes that unlike realism, anti-realism is not a unified doctrine, one can be an anti-realist about some specific domain (mathematics, ...
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9 votes
Accepted

Does Quine's dissolution of the Analytic/Synthetic distinction challenge mathematical realism?

The short answer is that Quine is not a mathematical realist as intended in the question (on my reading of it). Why does he call himself a realist? Because he practices what he preaches. Indeterminacy ...
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8 votes
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Is there an idea of linguistic realism similar to moral realism?

Your view is similar to that of late Wittgenstein, after the so-called "linguistic turn". In Philosophical Investigations published in 1953 he writes “For a large class of cases of the employment of ...
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7 votes
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Can nominalist logicians reject universals but accept universal statements?

Yes, a nominalist logician can do so, and even preserve classical logic and while denying existence of both abstract objects and universals. What gives? A nominalist changes the standard semantics ...
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7 votes
Accepted

Was Plato an idealist or a realist?

Both Plato and Gödel were mathematical platonists. Both held that mathematical objects existed abstractly and outside of spacetime. This is what we would call mathematical realism. This position is ...
7 votes

Different theistic religions contradict each other

If (from a religious perspective) god supposedly created all the religious rules, Not all religions subscribe to this. Buddhism for example doesn't really talk about who created the rules, and ...
6 votes
Accepted

What is the underdetermination of theories by evidence, and how does it square with scientific realism?

Underdetermination of theory by evidence, explored in great detail by Quine, means that from finitely many observations and measurements, that we are able to make by any point in time, even combined ...
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6 votes

Does Quantum Entanglement Disprove the Principle of Locality?

In the relevant sense the answer is "no", the appearance of a "yes" is created by projecting classical intuitions about locality onto quantum objects. This is confusing because the definition of ...
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6 votes

What makes moral realism so popular a standpoint?

Moral realism I take to be broadly the view that moral judgements can be true or false, that some are true and are known to be true. There has been an upsurge of interest in and sympathy with moral ...
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5 votes

Does Einstein's local realism in quantum mechanics imply superdeterminism?

You are right that Bell's inequalities do not rule out "superdeterminism" (Bell's term), as he himself acknowledged:"...if our measurements are not independently variable as we supposed...even if ...
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5 votes

Was Plato an idealist or a realist?

The main thing happening here is a shift in the meaning of terms. Specifically, the word "realist" has had many many different uses over time. The basic idea is that a realist believes something is ...
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5 votes

Is G.E. Moore's here-is-one-hand argument a bit naive?

Euclid was mocked for demonstrating existence of triangles, and Peano for proving that 1 is a number (by Poincaré, no less), but both contributed to clarifying foundations of mathematics. Considering ...
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4 votes

What a "Bismarckian realist"

Realism is a term with thousands of definitions. In this case, this is political realism. The meaning is that politics is based on power -- ultimately physical might. This view is often called ...
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4 votes

How might an idealist explain the empirical success of science?

They would not in so far as idealists are not realists. The no miracle argument is an argument for realism: it says that realism is the only (or best) explanation, so the argument works against any ...
4 votes
Accepted

Is it possible to have faith in science while espousing anti-realism?

Science assumes the real world in the same sense we assume that the Sun goes around the Earth in our everyday lives, or mathematics assumes an ideal realm populated with numbers and structures. It is ...
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4 votes

What is the difference between everyday realism and metaphysical realism?

I think here the difference in certainty is the difference in purpose. We put much more certainty into everyday realism because all we are using it for is practical action. And that indeed requires it,...
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4 votes

What does Husserl say about 'space'?

Mature Husserl is usually seen as a mild anti-realist, but this is largely due to the maxim that phenomenology should be neutral (agnostic) on metaphysical matters because it is the data it produces ...
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3 votes

How are epistemological and ontological realism related?

They are related in the same way as for idealism, epistemology provides a necessary foundation for ontology, if not strictly logically then morally. It is logically possible to be ontological realist ...
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3 votes
Accepted

Why asking to examine facts over "transcendental statements" is labeled as "anti-realistic"?

The terminology seems to me to have been borrowed from a version of the correspondence theory of truth (roughly, the version of Wittgenstein's Tractatus). According to this version, a statement is ...
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3 votes
Accepted

For a mathematical realist, is there a distinction between real mathematical objects and constructed mathematical objects?

Yes there is. Maddy takes this position in Perception and Mathematical Intuition, and so do recent mathematical Aristotelians. The alternative of believing it all real usually comes with full blown ...
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3 votes
Accepted

What are facts as considered independently of any thinking being?

"The sun rises every morning". That is a fact about reality. But it is a string of letters unless one understands what "sun", "rises", "every" and "morning" mean. What they mean has to be established ...
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3 votes
Accepted

Does semantic externalism imply modal realism?

This question seems to have been resurrected; I trust no-one minds if I answer it. If a philosopher accepts semantic externalism and accepts that possible worlds are the correct form of semantics ...
3 votes
Accepted

How does Kant rule out permanent soul in his argument for the existence of external world?

Körner is referring to the Refutation of Idealism argument (B274–279), directed against the skepticism about the external world attributed to Descartes and Berkeley. The idealism in question is the "...
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3 votes

Difference between Carnap and Quine's views

To Carnap being a realist is no more than opting for the vocabulary/language of realism. According to Carnap's principle of tolerance there are no truth-relevant arguments in favour of realism and ...
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3 votes
Accepted

When Aristotle is speaking of things that are clear to us, is he thinking of entities or formulas?

I must extend some sympathy to Charlton because Aristotle's remarks at the start of Physics I are compressed and gnomic. ▻ SUBJECT-MATTER OF PHYSICS The subject-matter of Aristotelian physics is, ...
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3 votes

Are all pancomputationalist models for the universe compatible with informational realism?

Pancomputationalism is a term encompassing all paradigms of a computational world, which proceed from the realization that nature can successfully be explained by computable scientific models. It ...
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3 votes

Realism vs Antirealism...why does it matter?

I assume your question is about scientific realism. The debate can be framed as a question concerning what science aims to achieve, and what it's successful at: is it at discovering the fundamental ...
3 votes

Why is Plato's Idealism and German Idealism so different?

Well, first of all, Platonic Idealism is often called Platonic Realism. This is because Plato believed that pure ideas exist outside of mind, and that they are in fact only true reality, while world ...
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