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65 votes

Are we all ‘atheist’ or 'agnostic in a pandemic'?

I think you have a false premise. Your premise seems to be "Devout believers/adherents of the religion Islam believe that humans need not make any effort in their survival in the natural world." I ...
Damila's user avatar
  • 566
31 votes

Are we all ‘atheist’ or 'agnostic in a pandemic'?

There's a good joke about this. The Mississippi floods, but this guy stays put and says "God will save me". A policeman comes past and says "Better be going" but our guy says "God will save me". The ...
Graham's user avatar
  • 1,748
22 votes

Why is the complex number an integral part of physical reality?

The short answer: Your premise is not correct. Quantum Mechanics is not necessarily complex-valued. Here is a primer from Physics.SE if you are solid on the math. An explanation that is light on math:...
Geoffrey's user avatar
  • 756
20 votes
Accepted

What are some arguments against the brain-in-a-vat thought experiment?

Your question is about metaphysical realism and skepticism. There are indeed radical sceptic arguments against realism such as Descartes's demon, brain in a vat or the idea that one is actually ...
Quentin Ruyant's user avatar
19 votes

Are we all ‘atheist’ or 'agnostic in a pandemic'?

There are some religious groups --I'm thinking here of "prosperity" churches --that promote the message that nothing but good things will ever happen to the truly faithful. But these are definitely ...
Chris Sunami's user avatar
  • 29.3k
16 votes
Accepted

What makes things real?

tl;dr- Depends on a person's level of mental development. The truth's crazy complicated, but we go through stages of understanding. Stage 1: Realism. The simplest way to understand reality is ...
Nat's user avatar
  • 1,995
16 votes
Accepted

Can someone identify this school of thought?

The first sentence expresses relativism, and then the rest makes clear that it makes everything relative to the individual subject. That position is called solipsism. Solipsism makes the individual ...
ChristopherE's user avatar
  • 5,498
11 votes
Accepted

What is the definition of real?

There is no one canonical and privileged definition of 'real'. However, in the most intuitive sense, it is anything that is independent of us and our existence and immediately apprehensible. This is ...
J D's user avatar
  • 24.9k
9 votes
Accepted

Philosophical implications of entangled states (and the 2022 physics nobel prize)

In the high-level summary and explanation I've read/watched… this means or confirms that everything… is probabilistic. This is wrong. Bell's Theorem and the experiments that won this years Nobel ...
Sandejo's user avatar
  • 813
8 votes

Did David Deutsch really disprove the Simulation Hypothesis?

To be honest, I couldn't exactly follow your construction. But I can say that Deutsch is definitely not using an impossible scenario. He is actually adapting the Cantor Diagonalisation Argument which ...
Bug Catcher Nakata's user avatar
7 votes

What are some arguments against the brain-in-a-vat thought experiment?

In my opinion, the best response to ontological uncertainty is to strive to live in a way that is meaningful regardless of the true nature of reality. While it may seem implausible, it may be less so ...
Chris Sunami's user avatar
  • 29.3k
7 votes

Why is the complex number an integral part of physical reality?

In my opinion you are mixing up different points: Physics does not use complex numbers to count entities. It is sufficient to count mangos by non-negative rational numbers, i.e. 1 mango, 1.5 mangos, ...
Jo Wehler's user avatar
  • 28.2k
7 votes

Is symmetry real?

Here is the question: So did we discover symmetry, or do we impose it? (like numbers) And why do we need it? David John Baker describes symmetries (page 2): ...symmetries of a theory are ...
Frank Hubeny's user avatar
  • 19.3k
6 votes

Does Einstein's local realism in quantum mechanics imply superdeterminism?

You are right that Bell's inequalities do not rule out "superdeterminism" (Bell's term), as he himself acknowledged:"...if our measurements are not independently variable as we supposed...even if ...
Conifold's user avatar
  • 42.8k
6 votes
Accepted

A second indubitable axiom

You have actually anticipated Descartes himself in this question. After he established his own existence, as a mind, a thinking being, with the Cogito (I think therefore I am) he proceeded to ask ...
Ram Tobolski's user avatar
  • 7,331
6 votes

Why is the complex number an integral part of physical reality?

Complex numbers are ordered pairs of numbers that have an extended definition of multiplication that is useful for representing circular motion in two-dimensions. (The definition of multiplication ...
Ben's user avatar
  • 1,926
6 votes

What makes things real?

Reality is objective, not subjective. Therefore, you can remove the subjective part of "So for him, does anything even exist?" and make it: "Does anything even exist?" The obvious answer is yes. If ...
UTF-8's user avatar
  • 255
6 votes
Accepted

Wanted references to the Phillip K Dick Total Recall (1990) paradox

In this piece which talks about similar questions about the nature of reality and his own quasi-mystical experiences, he mentions a number of pre-socratic philosophers (Heraclitus, Parmenides, ...
Hypnosifl's user avatar
  • 2,847
5 votes

Can anyone ever know for sure that other people are also conscious?

According to the argument from analogy, I infer the existence of mental states in other people, by analogy with myself. Just as I observe a correlation of my own behavior with my mental states, so I ...
Edwin Dalorzo's user avatar
5 votes

Postmodernism advocates are Right-wing or just can't see its effects against the Left?

I admittedly lack a solid grounding in philosophy and likely some problems with postmodernist thought escape me. I am however one of those leftists who has no huge, general problem with all of ...
mart's user avatar
  • 557
5 votes

Why is the complex number an integral part of physical reality?

Are we answering the right question? You touch upon an interesting point, but I have the feeling that your question isn't specific enough yet to reach a proper resolutions. Others have argued that '...
Discrete lizard's user avatar
5 votes

Why is the complex number an integral part of physical reality?

You have several fundamental misunderstandings. Physics does not define reality. Physics defines a model that approximates reality in a testable fashion. Reality can—and, going by experience,...
zibadawa timmy's user avatar
5 votes

Did David Deutsch really disprove the Simulation Hypothesis?

Deutsch is restating some well known results in the theory of computation discovered by Godel and Turing. The result explains that not all functions can be calculated by a computer. This is not a ...
alanf's user avatar
  • 7,678
5 votes

How can we be certain that we cannot be certain?

Paradox 'Nothing is certain' is a proposition. If it is true, then no proposition is immune from error. But that's problematic since 'Nothing is certain' is a proposition which refutingly applies to ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
  • 35.6k
5 votes

How does the 'Brain in a Vat Argument' differ from the 'Simulation Argument'?

One difference between the brain in a vat argument and the simulation argument is their motivations. The brain in a vat argument is motivated to support skepticism through doubting one's senses. The ...
Frank Hubeny's user avatar
  • 19.3k
5 votes

Do objects exist as the way we think they do even when nobody sees them

If you would have the size of an electron, no objects like cars or clouds would exist for you. If you would live a billion times slower, animals would look like sparks for you. If you would have the ...
RodolfoAP's user avatar
  • 7,106
5 votes

What is the definition of real?

Paraphrasing Wikipedia on quantum mechanics, an object is real if outcomes of measurements of the object are well-defined prior to – and independent of – the measurements. Considering your examples, ...
Corbin's user avatar
  • 739

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