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What is the definition of 'belief' and is it irrational to have one?

A belief is not an assumption, otherwise people would use the term 'assumption' more frequently, and 'belief' less frequently. No. Trees are plants, and calling them trees all the time does not mean ...
tkruse's user avatar
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What is the meaning of reason, and do all animals possess that ability?

It is quite difficult to understand his way of thinking from our (modern world) perspective. Aristotle in his differentiation of plants, animals and humans, attributes λογικό exactly these aspects ...
Ioannis Paizis's user avatar
-1 votes

What is the meaning of reason, and do all animals possess that ability?

Reading Descartes, exactly at the same time that he says that his existence comes from the fact that he exists, he denies that a dog can think, because otherwise it could exist too, which would bring ...
Alfredo Maranca's user avatar
3 votes

What is the meaning of reason, and do all animals possess that ability?

Some animals can reason a bit. Crows, octopuses, chimpanzees can solve puzzles. Reason is complex problem-solving ability. It's not necessarily about deductive logic, but can be. Solving any puzzle of ...
causative's user avatar
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2 votes

What is the definition of 'belief' and is it irrational to have one?

A belief is any proposition you hold to be true, which implies that you will rely on it to make decisions. As always, think of designing a robot. The robot needs an internal model of the world in ...
causative's user avatar
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2 votes

What is the definition of 'belief' and is it irrational to have one?

What is the definition of 'belief'... ? A belief is a proposition that you regard as true. You're right that we can take on assumptions without regarding them to actually be true. Assumptions are not ...
Lowri's user avatar
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1 vote

Are explanations entailments?

You ask: Are explanations entailments? No, but may involve them. We can look to an explanation offered by W.H. Newton-Smith of why explanation may rely on entailment, but is not entailment itself. ...
J D's user avatar
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1 vote

Are explanations entailments?

Explanations are not entailments. For example - “Wind blows because fan is running.” Why wind is blowing can be explained by the fan’s motion but blowing wind does not necessarily entail a fan.
SacrificialEquation's user avatar
2 votes

Are explanations entailments?

If you are talking at such a very general level, then an explanation is just any more or less valid or reasonable response to a "why" or "how" question. If we generalize over all ...
mudskipper's user avatar
0 votes

Are explanations entailments?

An explanation definitely is an argument i.e. the explanans (that which is explained) is entailed by the explanandum (that which explains). The difference between an explanation and an argument is the ...
Hudjefa's user avatar
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-1 votes

Is belief a choice or a state of being convinced with regard to a particular statement?

Your second option is correct. Belief is not a "choice" but "a state of being convinced with regard to a particular statement". There's not much else to say about this.
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
0 votes

Are explanations entailments?

I would say that explanation involves consideration of entailment, absolutely, but that does not mean that one system (X) entails another (Y), as in, if you have X, then you have Y, necessarily. (If ...
Reduct Blog's user avatar
1 vote

What is the relation between the uniformity of nature and determinism?

I read about Hume's argument that the uniformity of nature is a necessary condition for inductive reasoning to be valid, but we only have inductive reasons for believing in the uniformity in the first ...
Julio Di Egidio - inactive's user avatar
3 votes

How do Thomists respond to the medical condition of aphantasia?

Not an example of an approach to the problem, by Thomists, per se, but at least by those who might advance the same local thesis as Thomists would: from the SEP article on mental imagery: ... not ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar

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