10 votes

Very easy intro materials to a modern philosophy of science for statistics students and non-philosophers

Yes. I recommend a single resource as an introduction: James Ladyman, "Understanding Philosophy of Science", 2001. (The book is roughly 300 pages long, so short-ish.) If you really want ...
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9 votes

Books and papers on the philosophy of probability

The most self-contained book I am aware of on the subject is Philosophical Theories of Probability by Donald Gillies (Routledge, 2000): I believe reading the historical development of ideas is ...
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  • 1,292
7 votes

Very easy intro materials to a modern philosophy of science for statistics students and non-philosophers

I would suggest Philosophy of Science: A Contemporary Introduction 4th edition by Alex Rosenberg and Lee McIntyre. Chapters 10 and 11 may serve your purpose. The book is very easy-going (as other ...
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  • 1,292
6 votes

How can statements of probability be verified?

It's difficult to verify an individual probabilistic statement about a real-world event, especially if the estimate is as vague as 50%, but we can check large sets of probabilistic statements against ...
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  • 6,267
6 votes

To what extent is mathematics a tool to grasp the world beyond human intuition?

this is a complex topic, but I want to present a counterexample to one of Nikos M.'s points. When Maxwell formulated his four equations of unified electromagnetism, he noticed afterwards that they ...
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5 votes
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Set theory with full comprehension

In general, what you are referring to are paraconsistent set theories. These are versions of set theory in which the underlying logic lacks the principle of explosion, and in some cases tolerates true ...
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5 votes

Books and papers on the philosophy of probability

In addition to the books mentioned by Tankut, I would suggest also: Antony Eagle, Philosophy of Probability: Contemporary Readings, (Routledge, 2010). This contains many important papers on the ...
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5 votes

Where Can I Find Discussion on Paradoxes Within Philosophical Positions?

Paradoxes are a huge topic in philosophy given the preoccupation with logic. It might help to start fishing through entries that are related to paradox. For instance, terms like dialethiesm and self-...
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4 votes

Set theory with full comprehension

I've always understood this as the essence of Naive Set Theory - Comprehension is essential to the language-first kind of set theory used in schools and common discourse, and we have to either adjust ...
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  • 5,466
4 votes

Physicalism + book recommendations

Developing a mature philosophic worldview is a decade-long project, as philosophy is such a diverse field, and its subjects are pretty difficult to get a good grasp of, because it are those fields ...
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  • 4,297
4 votes

Is the observer (a person) embedded in the physical model?

As the Wikipedia article on the observer in quantum physics puts it: "The prominence of seemingly subjective or anthropocentric ideas like 'observer' in the early development of the theory has ...
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  • 9,893
3 votes

Essential reading list in the philosophy of science

Peter Godfrey-Smith's Theory and Reality: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science has just been released in a secodn edition. As he is one of the leading Philscis out there, and writes very well (...
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3 votes

Essential reading list in the philosophy of science

An old classic is Karl Popper, The Logic of Scientific Discovery, which is highly influential, though in my view over-long and contains too much pointless formalism. It features Popper's presentation ...
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3 votes

Essential reading list in the philosophy of science

I would get a general lay of the land first before jumping into reading sources, you will benefit more from them when you have at least a vague idea of how they fit into the big picture. Some textbook ...
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3 votes
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Modeling of persuasion

The most commonly used model of belief revision is the AGM model, named after Alchourròn, Gärdenfors and Makinson. Gärdenfors in particular has spent much of his career studying systems that model the ...
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3 votes

To what extent is mathematics a tool to grasp the world beyond human intuition?

In physics, scale matters. This was already understood in ancient Greek philosophy when Aristotle demarcated the celestial sphere from the terrestrial and with Zeno, the microscopic from the ...
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3 votes
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Is there a resource cataloguing unique and fundamental concepts cross-culturally?

Short Answer The most likely source to help you will be FrameNet which organizes words into linguistic frames, a human-codified attempt to construct a web of meaning. Long Answer In philosophy, there'...
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  • 9,788
3 votes

Physicalism + book recommendations

If you really want your mind opened, you should read contrary opinions to what you believe. Most people don't really understand those who disagree with them in philosophy, religion, politics, and ...
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3 votes
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Who first defined truth as "adæquatio rei et intellectus"?

William of Auvergne first introduced the term adæquatio. Jan Woleński, “Contributions to the History of the Classical Truth-Definition,” in Studies in Logic and the Foundations of Mathematics, ed. Dag ...
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  • 7,248
3 votes

What secondary literature would you recommend to help me understand “The Sickness unto Death”?

The Sickness is definitely one of Kierkegaard's most difficult works. Kierkegaard, additionally, is one of the most difficult writers to read in the Western philosophical tradition. He uses a lot of ...
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  • 344
3 votes

What are some of the best rebuttals or alternatives to Ted Kaczynski's (aka the Unabomber) philosophy of technology?

Here's an example of more or less consistent critique of TJK's ideas: A critique of Theodore Kaczynski from an excentric point of view. However, western academia has a certain bias towards TJK's ...
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2 votes
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Use of the term "diabolism" in philosophy or critical/systems theory

The etymological sense of dia-bolic (throwing apart, shattering) is largely overshadowed by the Biblical sense. Luhmann did attempt to rehabilitate it, but without much success. Baraldi et al. in ...
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2 votes

Why are minor chords perceived as melancholic?

In medieval & renaissance religious music, ie what got recorded, use of certain intervals was banned, like the flattened fifth nicknamed 'the devil's tritone'. It was considered discordant, ...
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  • 9,893
2 votes

A Study Plan in Philosophy

To some extent, there is no single thing that is a syllabus for philosophy, since it is such a broad subject and can be studied in different ways. It would even be possible for two people to have a ...
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2 votes
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Aristotle quote on how developing friendship takes a long time

It's some sort of translation of the very last line of the Nicomachean Ethics Book VIII Part 3 1156b25: οἱ δὲ ταχέως τὰ φιλικὰ πρὸς ἀλλήλους ποιοῦντες βούλονται μὲν φίλοι εἶναι, οὐκ εἰσὶ δέ, εἰ μὴ ...
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  • 361
2 votes

Why doesn't Searle's argument apply against humans?

I think you make an excellent point. We have an internal experience of semantics, but judging other humans from outside, aren't they 'Chinese rooms'? That is exactly the Philosophical Zombies issue. ...
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  • 9,893
2 votes

Where and from whom can I learn about Wittgenstein's family resemblance?

Answer Two Types of Definition: Necessity and Sufficiency & Prototype Family resemblance and here (SEP) is a philosophical term that solves an ancient philosophical dilemma. On the one hand, one ...
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2 votes
Accepted

Is there no such thing as rigorous and formal in philosophy?

Philosophy is usually done informally, simply because the concepts involved do not tend to yield to simple formalizations. Philosophical terms are often derived from natural language terms, which by ...
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  • 6,267
2 votes

How can statements of probability be verified?

There are many interpretations of probability, as other answers have pointed out (though those answers are filled with errors and inaccuracies, so beware). The most basic issue to point out, I think, ...
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  • 180
2 votes
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Are there scholarly works on philosophy of language treatment of the Gettier problem?

The approach that (at least) some Gettier cases are the result of misdescribing beliefs due to disregarding linguistic conventions (such as Grice implicatures) is still actively pursued and even ...
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