This is only a partial answer since the texts may not be "the Octavius Own Oxford edition".
There is a Greek text of Aristotle's The Categories on the Internet Archive with a translation by Harold P. Cook.
Wikisource also has the original Greek text linked at the bottom of https://en.wikipedia....
Matilde Marcolli is also worth mentioning here (especially since the OP is a computer scientist according to his profile). See the two linguistics classes she taught before and the references thereof:
In order to respond effectively to this question some background will be required which will provide a context that will frame this response into something meaningful. What will be presented then is a Spinozistic frame for the relationship between god and human and why Spinoza employed the term god even though all teleological, anthropomorphic and ...
The first three requirements suggest deism as a place to look for those holding all six positions. Wikipedia describes deism as
Deism...is the philosophical belief which posits that although God exists as the uncaused First Cause – ultimately responsible for the creation of the universe – God does not interact directly with that subsequently created world....
Metaphysics 995a10 [174.]:
ἄτοπον ἅμα ζητεῖν ἐπιστήμην καὶ τρόπον ἐπιστήμης
it is absurd to search simultaneously for knowledge and for the method of acquiring it
Ross's translation: "it is absurd to seek at the same time knowledge and the way of attaining knowledge"
Here is the question:
What are those definitions of good/bad? Where to find them? How are they built, how did they evolve? How are they reasoned?
This answer will only consider a specific Judeo-Christian perspective of good and bad. Admittedly there may be other, even other Judeo-Christian perspectives, but it offers perhaps a different way of looking at ...
To understand why anyone might think speech acts are important, it's important to understand where the idea of speech acts appeared and what it was in response to. Speech acts are as you correctly tag part of the philosophy of language.
As the story goes, the philosophy of language is a discipline that picks up in the late 19th century which sought to (a) ...