11 votes
Accepted

Does Nietzsche's rejection of Socrates mean that he is a relativist about ethics?

I believe the Nietzsche's passage referred to is this one: "Socrates' decadence is suggested not only by the admitted wantonness and anarchy of his instincts, but also by the hypertrophy of the ...
Conifold's user avatar
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9 votes

What is 'Pragmatic Encroachment'?

This question arises in the context of the traditional philosophical enquiry into the nature of knowledge. We might summarise that enquiry as: under what conditions is it correct to say that a person ...
Bumble's user avatar
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8 votes
Accepted

Is Feyerabend confusing discovery and justification when he criticizes the scientific method?

That is what positivists and Popper would (and did) say. But in his own view Feyerabend is not confusing them, he is dissolving the distinction. And he was standing on the shoulders of giants. The ...
Conifold's user avatar
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5 votes

How Relativistic is Social Constructivism?

I do not think that Searle will agree on labelling with "Social constructivism" his theory about Social relaity. According to Ian Hacking, Searle's book The Construction of Social Reality (1995), is ...
Mauro ALLEGRANZA's user avatar
5 votes

Postmodernism advocates are Right-wing or just can't see its effects against the Left?

I admittedly lack a solid grounding in philosophy and likely some problems with postmodernist thought escape me. I am however one of those leftists who has no huge, general problem with all of ...
mart's user avatar
  • 557
4 votes
Accepted

Is it possible to have faith in science while espousing anti-realism?

Science assumes the real world in the same sense we assume that the Sun goes around the Earth in our everyday lives, or mathematics assumes an ideal realm populated with numbers and structures. It is ...
Conifold's user avatar
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4 votes

Arguments against Relativism

If the position taken by the relativist is that there are no objective truths, then the relativist must first claim an exception: P1. There are no objective truths (except this one). By dint of ...
Wolf Larson's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

Is postmodernism the historical source of epistemic relativism? And does epistemic relativism logically derive from postmodernism?

First of all, epistemic relativism is much less dangerous to science than it appears. Based on my (cursory) interactions with them, I would say that most historians of science are epistemic ...
Jacob Manaker's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

Why is post-modernism so often equated to Relativism, are there any responses in postmodern philosophy that challenges this?

Postmodernism is a term used by critics, to group together a range of disparate thinkers, many of whom rejected the label, like Foucault. A good student of postmodern thought, should be very wary of ...
CriglCragl's user avatar
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4 votes

Is perspectivism a subtype of relativism?

From the OED... Relativism is the doctrine that knowledge, truth, and morality exist in relation to culture, society, or historical context, and are not absolute. Perspectivism is the theory that ...
Marco Ocram's user avatar
  • 21.5k
3 votes

Postmodernism advocates are Right-wing or just can't see its effects against the Left?

Reason, not logic; logic can be a type of positivism that ignores the concrete reality which is the life of the people. Logic can be a place to hide from the real. It is all so simple, the principle ...
Gordon's user avatar
  • 1,709
3 votes

Is Protagoras the philosophical root of the "Turing Test"?

Protagoras's famous statement that "man is the measure of all things" has been variously related to relativism, Perspectivism, subjectivism, phenomenalism, anti-realism and skepticism. But ...
Ram Tobolski's user avatar
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3 votes
Accepted

A philosophy of suspending disbelief. What is it called?

Are you thinking of a case where : S that not-p but intends to bring it about that s/he acquires the assumed [or known] to be] false belief that p           ? In your ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
  • 35.7k
3 votes

Is Feyerabend confusing discovery and justification when he criticizes the scientific method?

Let's take quantum gravity as an example; this is the research programme that looks at unifying two classical theories - Quantum Mechanics and General Relativity; despite immense effort there is still ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
3 votes

Is Feyerabend confusing discovery and justification when he criticizes the scientific method?

I think not. The "methodological anarchist" approach adopted by Feyerabend into Against Method is that, pace Popper and Lakatos, there is no "absolute" and uncontroversial rational method to justify ...
Mauro ALLEGRANZA's user avatar
3 votes

Is "all truth is relative" an absolute truth?

A more correct rendering of Comte's "absolute principle" would be All truths are relative, except if they are statements about truths, and this is the only absolute principle. Since this "reformed ...
Luís Henrique's user avatar
3 votes

Why is ontological relativism so hard to digest for many people (philosophers)?

You should look at relativism more generally, and epistemic relativism in particular https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/relativism/#EpiRel If you hold everything is relative, you have to deal with ...
CriglCragl's user avatar
  • 21.7k
3 votes

Why is ontological relativism so hard to digest for many people (philosophers)?

It seems you muddle the difference between ontic and ontological thinking - which admittedly is probably the main reason for the term 'ontological relativism' in the misguided sense the question ...
Philip Klöcking's user avatar
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3 votes

Q: Is the argument for the truth of truth-relativism valid? If so, why so? If not, why not?

"If there are no absolute truths, then it cannot be stated that claims are only evaluable with respect to point of view. And if claims are only to be evaluated with respect to a point of view, ...
Nullius in Verba's user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

Is there an “algorithm” philosophy? Perhaps between relativism and pragmatism?

I'm not sure exactly what you mean, however... Algorithm is a term that is strongly associated with computer science these days, however any repeatable, goal-oriented behavior is algorithmic. As such, ...
J D's user avatar
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2 votes

Is it possible to have faith in science while espousing anti-realism?

1) How can anti-realists insist upon the use of scientific method or scientific theories? I take over from your question as definition of anti-realism “that there is no such mind-independent reality”....
Jo Wehler's user avatar
  • 31.6k
2 votes

moral relativism on science

This is basically what's known as the "is-ought" distinction, as formulated by David Hume. The idea is that there are knowable facts about the world, but that no accumulation of facts dictates a ...
Chris Sunami's user avatar
  • 30.1k
2 votes

Why do people who subscribe to self-refuting skeptical philosophies still argue with others?

At least some skeptics/relativists have not realized that their view is self-refuting. If a person that does not possess strong critical thinking skills observes that people believe in different ...
Sam's user avatar
  • 511
2 votes

Which limit for relativism?

The truth is ... there is no ultimate truth. Our truth is momentary, incidental and at best, an agreement of relative sources. It is not finite and it is not rigid. There are many who argue against ...
August Codex's user avatar
2 votes

moral relativism on science

Others have pointed out Hume's "you can't get an ought from an is." In other words, descriptive facts do not provide prescriptive rules. However, Kant did set out a response to this with his ...
Nelson Alexander's user avatar
2 votes

A philosophy of suspending disbelief. What is it called?

What's missing is a notion of subjective truth, as opposed to objective truth. A nice example of this is winking. Usually, when done effectively, only one person is aware when another person winks ...
elliot svensson's user avatar
2 votes

Does humanism's rejection of God necesitate relativism?

Both the terms you use, 'humanism' and 'moral relativism', have several meanings but a manageable discussion is still possible - and useful. You interpret 'humanism' as a view that excludes the ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
  • 35.7k

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