34

In general, if your opponent insists on claiming that her source provides substantiation in a way it clearly does not, that is false attribution, however, it should be noted that such a counterclaim is largely contextual. Now, since your opponent insists it is evidence, she has shifted the burden of proof to you. If you ask for where the proof is in the ...


21

In mathematics, this is sometimes called a proof by intimidation. As Wikipedia puts it: Proof by intimidation (or argumentum verbosum) is a jocular phrase used mainly in mathematics to refer to a style of presenting a purported mathematical proof by giving an argument loaded with jargon and appeal to obscure results, so that the audience is simply ...


13

This is not a logical fallacy. Just because someone is wrong does not mean they are committing a logical fallacy If you're asking where the logical fallacy is, you have to analyse the discussion logically. The argument appears to be about this: Question: Is there a lot of evidence that vaccines cause autism? Bob is using a very basic Argument from ...


8

I agree with J.D.'s Inappropriate Shift of Burden of Proof. Since Bob is making the claim, Bob should have the burden of making the argument and evidence really clear, but Bob inappropriately shifts it to Alice. But Alice does not have the burden of proof here, Bob does. But I also smell a bit of Appeal to Authority here: Bob is pointing to the article (and ...


3

Bullshit is something one produces. In context (a context that excludes e.g. the elocutionist who utters random sentences, which may be taken for statements or claims by a passser-by) the bullshitter makes - produces - statements or claims to the truth-value of which s/he is indifferent. Saying something and not caring about its truth-value and listening to ...


3

It's a straw man argument: where you change an argument someone's made to make it weaker than it is, and then refute it as if it were the other person's argument: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Straw_man


2

There has been an emerging literature within the field of logic and computer science engaged with solving the problems encountered in the reasoning area of artificial intelligence which has consequently led to the construction and presentation of new 'computational models of argumentation' which contains material pertaining to the role of redundancy in ...


2

I believe that as a general rule, repetition actually aids rhetoric. This is recognized in quotations about repeating lies. Repetition is required for learning generally, so it makes sense that repetition and redundancy makes it easier for people to repeat that which has been repeated. Persuasion and repetition go hand in hand.


1

What you have said is that the referenced source or citation does not support the claim. This happens all the time, and editors of journals will send you requests for changing the writing. It isn't really a logical fallacy since the author isn't providing a formal logical reasoning for his statement. It might be considered misstating the reference. This ...


1

One problem is the term "common sense." Exactly what is common sense? The first two statements are almost mirror reflections of each other. Both can be considered largely true in the broad sense, yet they both have some problems. Is it OK to spit in another person's face? I think most people around the world would say "No," and would further classify that ...


1

Yes, given the text, the third statement is ad hominem. A fallacy is determined by three criteria according to T. Edward Damer in Attacking Faulty Reasoning. A fallacy is an argument which attempts to show truth by using irrelevant claims, unacceptable claims, or providing an inadequate grounds for drawing an inference. An ad hominem in particular is defined ...


1

Argument from Exaggerated Authority The question that was asked, whether there is an appropriate term to describe an "ad hominem" argument that elevates, rather than denigrates a person holding a particular view, is very valid and timely. In an age when "tribal epistemology" is playing an increasingly dominant role in public discourse, it's important to ...


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