10 votes
Accepted

Did Confucius say "Signs and symbols rule the world, not words nor laws"?

It is not true. The Analects do contain "If names be not correct, language is not in accordance with the truth of things. If language be not in accordance with the truth of things, affairs cannot be ...
6 votes
Accepted

What is the difference between properties and sets?

I suppose you are looking for reasons not to identify properties to sets. (1) A set is a particular ( an abstract particular) , but properies are often considered as universals . (2) A property is ...
6 votes

Did Confucius say "Signs and symbols rule the world, not words nor laws"?

I believe the quote is apocryphal. Some of the sentiment might be compatible with Confucianism but there are several problems for supposing Kongzi would have said this or that this would be found in a ...
  • 24.1k
5 votes

Origin of Charles Sander Peirce's model of triadic signs diagram?

Peirce' Theory of Signs is complex and - unfortunately - there are no complete treatises dedicated to semiotics by Peirce himself : Across the course of his intellectual life, Peirce continually ...
4 votes

Enantiodromia--How Do Symbols Undergo an Inversion of Meaning?

In linguistics, a reclaimed or reappropriated word is a word previously used as a perjorative against some group X and now used as a signifier of in group status (amongst other things). If you are ...
  • 1,298
3 votes

Are there in-depth theories of parentheses?

Formal grammars are such a theory. They are covered in any good book on theory of computation, usually in conjunction with automata theory. They also serve as the basis of Chomsky's generative ...
3 votes
Accepted

What does Barthes mean when he calls boxing a "Jansenist sport"?

I think that Barthes' sentence "boxing is a Jansenist sport" may be more conspicuously rendered like this: the common form of boxing (unlike the common form of wrestling) is a genuine sport. First, ...
  • 7,171
3 votes
Accepted

References for the study of language

Daniel Chandler wrote a book Semiotics: the Basics and also supplies an online version here. For a large part of English speaking academia, after Chomsky's reformulation of linguistics into the field ...
  • 2,790
3 votes
Accepted

How do we understand and fix reference for scientific units of measure?

Unfortunately, we do not have a satisfactory theory of meaning (semantics) of natural languages, i.e. of understanding words, or even of using them (pragmatics). Kripke's causal theory of reference ...
  • 41.2k
2 votes

Do linguists call human language "natural"?

Although I'm a linguist, I'm going to not give a report on the sociology of the term as used in the field (though the quick answer is "yes"). Instead, I will focus on the basic conceptual distinctions....
  • 524
2 votes

Origin of Charles Sander Peirce's model of triadic signs diagram?

Peirce invented the so-called "existential graphs". A good description of this is found in §4.7 "The geometry of thought: Existential graphs" (pp. 69-72) of Peirce: A Guide for the Perplexed by ...
  • 7,306
2 votes
Accepted

The index finger of Socrates and Plato

Looking at the philosophy expounded by Plato, one thing comes to mind: the Ideas, set in another realm, above the material, quite abstract. Thus, it could mean that the raised index finger points to ...
2 votes

Linguistic meaning among evolved artificial agents

It seems that the situation is entirely analogous to our current situation, modulo any hypothesis about God or other designers. Then, the answer to your question is easily obtained by an answer to the ...
  • 1,298
2 votes
Accepted

Are there in-depth theories of parentheses?

The general term is "bracketing notation" or "brackets". Brackets are just operators that surround their arguments {2} [2] rather than proceeding their arguments as prefix ...
1 vote

Linguistic meaning among evolved artificial agents

First, I'm not sure why you introduce these "artificial" agents and then retract the idea that there is any human input. Human input is their environment. Why not just ask the same about ...
1 vote

How does indexicality relates to causality?

Semiotic theory of American philosopher and mathematician C.S. Peirce elaborates philosophy of index according to reference here: Peirce argued that logic is the formal study of signs in the broadest ...
  • 4,058
1 vote

what is a "discursive site"?

Roland Barthes uses the term "discursive site" in the preface to A Lover's Discourse: Everything follows from this principle: that the lover is not to be reduced to a single symptomal ...
  • 11
1 vote

What is difference between semiotics and memetics?

Where semiotics is essentially the study of symbols and their manipulation for their own sake, memetics is a "neo-Darwinian" evolutionary theory of the ideas communicated via those symbols. Besides ...
  • 2,387
1 vote

Origin of Charles Sander Peirce's model of triadic signs diagram?

It's not the Charles Key Ogden & Ivor Armstrong Richards diagram, that uses the terms Symbol, Thought or Reference and Referent and there is no indication of Semiosis. I think I may have ...

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