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44 votes

How can one argue against income inequality while defending achievement and expertise inequality - beyond invoking Rawls' difference principle?

I feel like this question is conflicted on the issue of 'disproportionate' inequalities. To be clear, most academic and scientific experts are paid well, proportionately more than many other workers ...
Ted Wrigley's user avatar
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32 votes

How can one argue against income inequality while defending achievement and expertise inequality - beyond invoking Rawls' difference principle?

I disagree with the premise that these two views are in some way contradictory or conflicting to hold at the same time. The alleged discrepancy you're pointing out, when you boil it down to its core, ...
Flater's user avatar
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20 votes

When is it ethical to be ethical towards the unethical?

Am I allowed to quote from an old classic play? (emphasis mine): William Roper: “So, now you give the Devil the benefit of law!” Sir Thomas More: “Yes! What would you do? Cut a great road through the ...
Scott Rowe's user avatar
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11 votes

How can one argue against income inequality while defending achievement and expertise inequality - beyond invoking Rawls' difference principle?

Let me set Rawls to one side and bring Marx on stage. It may be a mistake to translate the complex, abstract idea of "equality" into the monetized value measurements of a modern economy. ...
Nelson Alexander's user avatar
10 votes

When is it ethical to be ethical towards the unethical?

Public judicature is a great achievement and serves to defend oneself against criminals. To cheat/steal/kill is a case for the law court. There is no necessity to counter illegal behaviour by one’s ...
Jo Wehler's user avatar
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10 votes

When is it ethical to be ethical towards the unethical?

This is one of the great perennial questions of philosophy, and--Machiavelli aside--the answer is almost always the same. Here's a relevant quote from Confucius: Chi K'ang Tzu asked Confucius about ...
Chris Sunami's user avatar
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10 votes

When is it ethical to be ethical towards the unethical?

Your question contains a false assumption, namely that there is no ethical way to stop the criminals. And yet every moral codex, every culture, every law book ever written has such ways. The ethical ...
Tom's user avatar
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8 votes

How can one argue against income inequality while defending achievement and expertise inequality - beyond invoking Rawls' difference principle?

1. It was never "your" income to begin with There is a key idea one should realize before going any further: there is no such thing as "your" income (unless you have earned it on ...
Yuri Zavorotny's user avatar
7 votes

How can one argue against income inequality while defending achievement and expertise inequality - beyond invoking Rawls' difference principle?

(From a utilitarian perspective.) There's a tradeoff here that arguably Rawls perspective doesn't fully recognize. It all comes down to the diminishing marginal utility of wealth. On the one hand, the ...
goblin GONE's user avatar
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7 votes

When is it ethical to be ethical towards the unethical?

Your question implies that treating a criminal ethically effectively means to ignore their crimes, but this is not so. The ethical way to treat a criminal is to first stop them (As ethically as ...
Mooing Duck's user avatar
5 votes

How can one argue against income inequality while defending achievement and expertise inequality - beyond invoking Rawls' difference principle?

One important aspect is that people do not get rich because of hard work, people get rich because they take risks in business. Jeff Bezos is not extremely rich because he has worked hard. He is rich ...
hlovdal's user avatar
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5 votes

When is it ethical to be ethical towards the unethical?

Yes, that’s the only way for good to prevail against evil — to love our enemies. “Love” here means compassion.1 It means recognizing a human being, someone just like you, in every person, good or bad; ...
Yuri Zavorotny's user avatar
4 votes

How can one argue against income inequality while defending achievement and expertise inequality - beyond invoking Rawls' difference principle?

By the logic of who contributes most to the group and/or society as a whole, if we acknowledge that some individuals contributes significantly more to society (based on their formally recognized ...
Acccumulation's user avatar
4 votes

How can one argue against income inequality while defending achievement and expertise inequality - beyond invoking Rawls' difference principle?

Something to think about is the distribution of the inequality matters. If you took the entire human population and graphed physical traits like height, weight, strength, you would see a normal ...
jamesfranco's user avatar
4 votes

Is Epicureanism more like egoism or utilitarianism

It is not entirely clear what Epicurus meant by 'pleasure'. It does seem fairly clear, however, that 'maximisation' of pleasure does not capture his view. So if this is a utiitarian element, it needs ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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4 votes

Is Epicureanism more like egoism or utilitarianism

In Epicurus' philosophy peace of mind is the goal of life. Pleasure and pain are the root of good and evil. In this way qualities like virtue and justice derive from these roots. It's impossible to ...
Gini's user avatar
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4 votes

Is it morally wrong to deny food to the mother in this specific case?

Confucian ethics would say we owe our parents a debt we can never repay, and that to be respected ourselves we must have a culture of respect for those that preceded us (I argue Confucian thought ...
CriglCragl's user avatar
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3 votes

Are there opposites to the "social contract theory" where humans are regarded as naturally social beings, and yet individualism is a human invention?

Most of early (pre-Marx) socialism was explicitly based on the idea that humans were social first and individuals second. This is particularly true of the socialist movements tied to Christian ideals. ...
Ted Wrigley's user avatar
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3 votes

How is it possible that so many people get together, get married, have kids and *then* divorce and break up?

You are right to feel baffled by this conclusion because it hinges on a baseless assertion - that people and their personalities are somehow static and unchanging. People are constantly experiencing ...
nsfm's user avatar
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3 votes

When is it ethical to be ethical towards the unethical?

I agree with earlier comments that the ends do not justify the means, and that even criminals should be treated with fairness and decency. But I would like to additionally clarify that everybody has ...
Wikiwide's user avatar
2 votes

Metaphysical substrate and the Judeo-Christian legacy

I say, if you get true insights from this way of evaluating our present market of ideas in light of the past, then go ahead and look at it that way. But if this scheme makes pointless or bad ...
elliot svensson's user avatar
2 votes
Accepted

Burke on the social contract

Consent and contract One element in a contract is consent. Burke rejected consent as a basis for political authority and obligation : The seventeenth and eighteenth centuries are commonly, and ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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2 votes

Are there opposites to the "social contract theory" where humans are regarded as naturally social beings, and yet individualism is a human invention?

Eusociality is relevant. Developed & extended by AO Wilson, world leading social insect expert, and staunch opponent of 'selfish gene' reductionism. By the strict definition, humans have been ...
CriglCragl's user avatar
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2 votes

How can one argue against income inequality while defending achievement and expertise inequality - beyond invoking Rawls' difference principle?

An answer in response to the question's update. You are asking about an apparent contradiction in these two statements: We should listen to advice of "top experts" much more than others. It ...
usul's user avatar
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2 votes

How can one argue against income inequality while defending achievement and expertise inequality - beyond invoking Rawls' difference principle?

Edit: I think this is a good answer, but not to OPs original question Haha. I went off on a bit of a tangent. Mea culpa. I will look at revising it tomorrow morning. A. We as a society do better if ...
DarcyThomas's user avatar
2 votes
Accepted

Is the tyrannicide perpetrated by William Tell morally legitimate?

I would turn for guidance, to Darwinism, and game theory. Taking this approach, we have to act in the interests of the unit of selection, the gene - unless we sacrifice that for the wellbeing of kin, ...
CriglCragl's user avatar
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2 votes

Is the tyrannicide perpetrated by William Tell morally legitimate?

The extra-judicial killing of a tyrant, for the crimes they have committed in their abuse of power, is the sort of moral question that moral philosophers tend to shy away from. There are, however, ...
Dcleve's user avatar
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2 votes
Accepted

Regarding Rousseau's Right to Conquest

Rousseau does not hold, presuppose or imply that 'individuals are in a constant state of war' in SC I.4 or elsewhere. In I.4 section 9 he goes out of his way to deny that war can take place between ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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2 votes
Accepted

Did Hobbes start social contract theory?

The general sentiment is that while Hobbes had precursors he was the first to systematically develop and defend a theory of "social contract" (so named a century later after the title of ...
Conifold's user avatar
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