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50 votes

Does the no true Scotsman fallacy apply to anti Stalinist etc. communism?

Marx, socialism and communism Neither Marx nor Engels provided a blueprint for the socialist state. There could in their view be no such thing as a communist state since under communism, with no ...
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34 votes

Is it ethical to convince someone to get vaccinated?

You approach the problem from the position that everyone knows & agrees on the safety & efficacy of the vaccine. But people don't refuse it because they wish to declare that they are selfish &...
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29 votes

Is it ethical to convince someone to get vaccinated?

When something has a label on it, it will influence how we think about it, even if the thing isn't what the label says. So I think it's important to define the terms in depth. Suppose a pharmaceutical ...
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19 votes

Does the no true Scotsman fallacy apply to anti Stalinist etc. communism?

A criticized exception to the rule that falls short of the rule makes for valid negation of criticism OK, that headline requires changing direction of the train of thought at least three times, so let ...
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17 votes

Does the no true Scotsman fallacy apply to anti Stalinist etc. communism?

"No True Scotsman" is one of those categories of fallacies that is rather subjective. If Person A says that X is not Y because it lacks Z, and Person B says that this is a No True Scotsman fallacy, ...
14 votes

Is religion fundamentally problematic for logical decision making in society?

As a devout Catholic, I agree that basing decision making on credulity and group think is a bad idea. I cannot speak for all religious people, but at least in my own religious tradition, the ...
9 votes
Accepted

What are reasonable basic obligations of citizens in democratic societies?

The question is how much well-informed citizens need to be to exercise their democratic rights. The answer depends on theories of democracy. The duty of citizens to be well-informed can be very ...
8 votes

Is it ethical to convince someone to get vaccinated?

John Rawls discusses this subject, albeit briefly, in A Theory of Justice. The context is the issue of public goods, for example in light of the free-rider problem. The section is #42 (pg. 237 of the ...
6 votes

Can philosophy overcome "the two cultures" divide?

I am not terribly optimistic that the division will be overcome in any sort of principled way. After all, the analytic and continental divide is still alive and well, and to mend that one there isn't ...
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5 votes
Accepted

Logic - 3 Cannibals Riddle Reduced to 2 Steps

you write: He sees a black hat on the man in front of him: His should be able to conclude that his hat is white because there is a hat of each color, so if the one in front of him is black, ...
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5 votes

Are citizens in a democratic society morally obligated to vote?

I'd first question your use of the term "moral" in this context. Most modern concepts of "morality" entail universality. They attempt to transcend the historical and conditional. The "nation-state," ...
5 votes

What would Marx say about liberal identity politics?

For me it helps to frame the topic from the central objective of his philosophy, which one might put as: the liberation of humanity from the enchainment of exploitative modes of production. If we ...
5 votes

What would Marx say about liberal identity politics?

Marx’s Communist Manifesto mentions something called “Conservative or Bourgeois Socialism” and states: “A part of the bourgeoisie is desirous of redressing social grievances in order to secure the ...
5 votes
Accepted

What sorts of questions do philosophers of science think about?

You are asking several questions here. Firstly, what kind of questions is philosophy of science concerned with? Here are some of the most important: How does scientific knowledge advance? Is there a ...
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5 votes

Does a transgender person become a different person after transitioning?

Philosophy makes a distinction between the identity of material objects* (and immaterial objects if those are thought to exist) and what is called "personal identity." From the Stanford ...
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4 votes

Arguments for/against tolerance against intolerance?

The "tolerance of intolerance paradox" is a highly misleading logical fallacy that conflates an attitude of acceptance of intolerant ideas with acceptance of harmful actions. It's basically used as ...
4 votes

Can we tell whether human groups or societies are behaving as superorganisms?

David Sloan Wilson addresses your question in his 2002 book, Darwin's Cathedral. He is the developer of multilevel selection theory, where in addition to natural selection at the gene level, and the ...
4 votes

Are Societies as an Individual Entity, Aware?

First of all, you interchangeably use expressions "consciousness" and "artificial intelligence" while it is an open question wheter the latter one must come with the first or not and how they are ...
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4 votes

Is it ethical to clear and clean the home of an extreme hoarder against his will?

Your question is essentially a variation on a debate in the autonomy literature. The question that arises there is the relationship between autonomy and free choices. The two examples most common in ...
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4 votes
Accepted

If we all came from Adam and Eve

How incest as a taboo is defined is dependent upon the culture you are raised in. If I remember correctly, Cleopatra was the result of 27 generations of brother-sister marriages. In some cultures ...
4 votes

Is Fatherhood among humans really natural?

Even if we accept your basic assumption --that responsible fatherhood in human beings dates back only as far as the dawn of human societies --that doesn't imply it can't be part of an evolutionary ...
4 votes

Is Fatherhood among humans really natural?

The idea that it exists to strengthen the patriarchy is silly; the concept of fatherhood directly benefits the female vastly more than the male. According to evolution, it likely came about as a ...
4 votes

What are the reasons for taboos in a society?

The traditional role of a taboo is prohibition of an action, not of discussion, but the two are often mixed when the term is used loosely, see e.g. Gao's study of English "taboo" words. ...
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4 votes

For a political ruler is it better to be loved or feared?

The question was made famous by Machiavelli's Prince, where he also provided the answer: "The answer is that one would like to be both one and the other; but because it is difficult to combine them,...
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4 votes
Accepted

What branch of philosophy studies 'clouds' of concepts that spread as intellectual templates?

The phenomenon is not specific to politics, the notion of cultural ideas "in the air" dates back to 1875, according to an etymology dictionary. A much more systematic development was given to it by ...
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