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51 votes

Does the no true Scotsman fallacy apply to anti Stalinist etc. communism?

Marx, socialism and communism Neither Marx nor Engels provided a blueprint for the socialist state. There could in their view be no such thing as a communist state since under communism, with no ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
  • 35.8k
34 votes

Is it ethical to convince someone to get vaccinated?

You approach the problem from the position that everyone knows and agrees on the safety and efficacy of the vaccine. But people don't refuse it because they wish to declare that they are selfish and ...
CriglCragl's user avatar
30 votes

Is it ethical to convince someone to get vaccinated?

When something has a label on it, it will influence how we think about it, even if the thing isn't what the label says. So I think it's important to define the terms in depth. Suppose a pharmaceutical ...
bobflux's user avatar
  • 529
18 votes

Does the no true Scotsman fallacy apply to anti Stalinist etc. communism?

A criticized exception to the rule that falls short of the rule makes for valid negation of criticism OK, that headline requires changing direction of the train of thought at least three times, so let ...
MichaelK's user avatar
  • 5,144
18 votes

Does the no true Scotsman fallacy apply to anti Stalinist etc. communism?

"No True Scotsman" is one of those categories of fallacies that is rather subjective. If Person A says that X is not Y because it lacks Z, and Person B says that this is a No True Scotsman fallacy, ...
Acccumulation's user avatar
15 votes

Is it true that a technological society has to weaken family ties and local communities if it is to function efficiently?

Kaczynski himself may or may not be a conservative, but "the breakdown of traditional values" is something conservatives keep fear-mongering about, and they keep asserting that this is ...
NotThatGuy's user avatar
  • 10.5k
14 votes

Is religion fundamentally problematic for logical decision making in society?

As a devout Catholic, I agree that basing decision making on credulity and group think is a bad idea. I cannot speak for all religious people, but at least in my own religious tradition, the ...
James Kingsbery's user avatar
12 votes

Is it ethical to convince someone to get vaccinated?

John Rawls discusses this subject, albeit briefly, in A Theory of Justice. The context is the issue of public goods, for example in light of the free-rider problem. The section is #42 (pg. 237 of the ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
9 votes
Accepted

What are reasonable basic obligations of citizens in democratic societies?

The question is how much well-informed citizens need to be to exercise their democratic rights. The answer depends on theories of democracy. The duty of citizens to be well-informed can be very ...
Nanhee Byrnes PhD's user avatar
9 votes

Is it true that a technological society has to weaken family ties and local communities if it is to function efficiently?

While this is hard to give an objective answer to, I'll give some thoughts. As far as I can tell, Ted Kaczynski seems to believe that we like to act in our self-interest. Communities arise from mutual ...
edelex's user avatar
  • 905
9 votes

Is it true that a technological society has to weaken family ties and local communities if it is to function efficiently?

I cannot really make out a question in the body of OP's post, so I assume all of that is just meant as context of what this question (in the title) is about. I also am not familiar with the ramblings ...
AnoE's user avatar
  • 2,887
9 votes
Accepted

What explains the observation that grocery store check-out lines are oscillatory?

If we make the slightly controversial (read: probably not entirely true) assumption that people arrive at cash registers independently of each other, with no statistical correlation or synchronization ...
Kevin's user avatar
  • 2,038
8 votes

In a democratic society, should governments be allowed to pay for or fund artistic/cultural works and performances using taxpayers' money?

You ask: in a democratic society, should governments be allowed to pay for or fund artistic/cultural works and performances using taxpayers' money? And in response to "'should' according to ...
Lowri's user avatar
  • 561
7 votes
Accepted

Should Native Americans have peacefully given up their lands to White settlers during the 18th and 19th centuries?

Your presumptions about land ownership are flawed. Native Americans had the concept of national ownership, which is based upon the principle that a group or community resident in an area has ...
Dcleve's user avatar
  • 14.4k
6 votes

Philosophers answering "what happens to a society that does not believe in free wıll?"

The only thing I'm well-familiar with in this connection is Kant's claim that we act "under the idea of freedom" no matter what. Unfortunately (or not?), this makes the belief in free will (...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
6 votes

Two ways of thinking about social reality (progressive/fluid vs conservative/structure)

One of the interpretations for this difference across the political spectrum is 'tolerance of ambiguity'. There's also interesting work on politics and attachment-style, see Attachment Style and ...
CriglCragl's user avatar
5 votes

What would Marx say about liberal identity politics?

Marx’s Communist Manifesto mentions something called “Conservative or Bourgeois Socialism” and states: “A part of the bourgeoisie is desirous of redressing social grievances in order to secure the ...
CaptainSensible's user avatar
5 votes

What would Marx say about liberal identity politics?

For me it helps to frame the topic from the central objective of his philosophy, which one might put as: the liberation of humanity from the enchainment of exploitative modes of production. If we ...
ClearMountainWay's user avatar
5 votes
Accepted

What sorts of questions do philosophers of science think about?

You are asking several questions here. Firstly, what kind of questions is philosophy of science concerned with? Here are some of the most important: How does scientific knowledge advance? Is there a ...
Bumble's user avatar
  • 26k
5 votes

Does a transgender person become a different person after transitioning?

Philosophy makes a distinction between the identity of material objects* (and immaterial objects if those are thought to exist) and what is called "personal identity." From the Stanford ...
Not_Here's user avatar
  • 2,921
5 votes
Accepted

How can we prove something ethical?

There's a couple of facets that make this a complex question. First, there's a question about how brain or mind works in categorizing things as good or bad (right or wrong, good or evil if you prefer)...
virmaior's user avatar
  • 24.7k
5 votes
Accepted

Would Ayn Rand's Objectivism work in a society?

Rand's Objectivism is really Locke's 'State of Nature' argument (SoNa) on steroids. It imagines a world in which everyone is a rational, self-sufficient individual whose relationships to other people ...
Ted Wrigley's user avatar
  • 20.1k
5 votes

Is it ethical to convince someone to get vaccinated?

Two points... First, there is nothing immoral about trying to convince someone of some point. Political society in Liberal democratic nations depends of the ability of different people within the ...
Ted Wrigley's user avatar
  • 20.1k
5 votes

To what extent can philosophical discipline permeate into normal life, e.g. the abortion debate?

You are right in saying that most public discourse is characterised by an abundance of red herrings, non-sequiturs, unconscious bias and so on. There are times when I want to throw my television out ...
Marco Ocram's user avatar
5 votes
Accepted

Reference request for philosophical texts on race

Of course there is. Biology, social analysis, politics and realpolitik, legal theory and rights discourse, and philosophy intersect. The industrialised genocide of the Holocaust, provides particular ...
CriglCragl's user avatar
5 votes

In a democratic society, should governments be allowed to pay for or fund artistic/cultural works and performances using taxpayers' money?

A democratic government exists to implement the will of the population. If the population wants there to be publicly available art, then the government should make it so. If the population does not, ...
Stig Hemmer's user avatar
4 votes

Arguments for/against tolerance against intolerance?

The "tolerance of intolerance paradox" is a highly misleading logical fallacy that conflates an attitude of acceptance of intolerant ideas with acceptance of harmful actions. It's basically used as ...
ZenStarFox's user avatar
4 votes

What are the reasons for taboos in a society?

The traditional role of a taboo is prohibition of an action, not of discussion, but the two are often mixed when the term is used loosely, see e.g. Gao's study of English "taboo" words. ...
Conifold's user avatar
  • 43.3k
4 votes

For a political ruler is it better to be loved or feared?

The question was made famous by Machiavelli's Prince, where he also provided the answer: "The answer is that one would like to be both one and the other; but because it is difficult to combine them,...
Conifold's user avatar
  • 43.3k

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