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18 votes

If philosophy is based on reason and rationality, then why is there so much disagreement?

The short version is that argumentation requires premises and inferences to get to conclusions. Even if philosophers agree on a systematic approach to inference, let's call such agreement logic, the ...
J D's user avatar
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15 votes
Accepted

Can axioms be false?

It depends. An axiom is a starting point or foundation for reasoning. The term has been used in different ways historically. It used to mean a proposition that is self-evidently true, or at least so ...
Bumble's user avatar
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14 votes

If philosophy is based on reason and rationality, then why is there so much disagreement?

It has been said man is a rational animal. All my life I have tried to find evidence that could support this. Bertrand Russell While in the above, Russell takes aim at logic and the rational, he didn'...
Rushi's user avatar
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13 votes

Is there a difference between believing something and behaving as if it were true?

Is there a difference between believing something and behaving as if it were true? Yes, and the distinction is recognized in epistemic terminology. Truth that is actually or really true is generally ...
J D's user avatar
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12 votes

Is to be able to describe something to be able to judge that it's true or not?

I think your questions seem to have the common denominator of trying to apply the straitjacket of logic to everyday speech. When we say 'unicorns have four legs' it is an idiomatic shorthand for ...
Marco Ocram's user avatar
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8 votes

Why is having true beliefs so important?

Your title question asks about true beliefs. But the body of your question speaks about an unfalsifiable and unverifiable claim. This prompts the remark: If the claim is unfalsifiable and unverifiable ...
Jo Wehler's user avatar
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7 votes
Accepted

Is there a difference between believing something and behaving as if it were true?

I'd say Pascal's Wager is a counter example. You could rationally follow what you think God's wishes would be without believing in God's existence because of the cost of being wrong.
Dikran Marsupial's user avatar
7 votes

Can axioms be false?

You may choose any statement as an axiom. But to choose a contradiction as an axiom makes the whole subsequent theory a useless enterprise - much ado about nothing, see the comment of @user4894. Added....
Jo Wehler's user avatar
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7 votes

If philosophy is based on reason and rationality, then why is there so much disagreement?

I see two big reasons for this: Lack of precisely defined terms. Take for instance the innocent little term "existence". Fundamental to many philosophies, but there are quite a few ...
cmaster - reinstate monica's user avatar
6 votes

Can a definition be true/false?

The Stanford Encyclopedia lists several different kinds of definition, so it worth distinguishing some of them. A dictionary definition aims to give the meaning of a word to speakers of the language. ...
Bumble's user avatar
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6 votes

Can axioms be false?

In mathematical logic you consider syntax and sematics separately: an axiom from the syntactic point of view is just a meaningless formula, neither true or false. You can give a semantics to your ...
Marco Disce's user avatar
6 votes

Do the senses themselves (not what they deceptively reveal) exist in some form?

I have worked a lot with colour vision. The best answer I can some up with is may be condensed to... We can measure the physical properties of light. We can measure the optical properties of the eye, ...
Richard Kirk's user avatar
5 votes

Can a definition be true/false?

First, we can reformulate definition statements as truth-apt assertions about how a word is used: "I stipulate that unicorn refers to usually-pink-or-white goat/horse-like animals with one horn ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
5 votes

Illusionists about qualia: how?

There is an important difference between qualia and Father Christmas which Dennett foolishly overlooks: viz, there is a convincing and vastly more plausible alternative explanation for why presents ...
Marco Ocram's user avatar
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5 votes

If philosophy is based on reason and rationality, then why is there so much disagreement?

Rationality consists in taking facts into account and arguing logically about them using a common language. The problem is not philosophy, or philosophers, it is that different people will inevitably ...
Speakpigeon's user avatar
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4 votes
Accepted

Are there conjunctive facts and disjunctive facts?

I don't see why it should be problematic to suppose that there are conjunctive and disjunctive facts. To some extent it will depend on exactly what you take a 'fact' to be. There are different ...
Bumble's user avatar
  • 24.2k
4 votes

Book request: A nosology of untruths

The Definition of Lying and Deception on SEP. Differentiating everyday lies: A typology of lies based on beneficiary and motivation. Paper Real Lies, White Lies and Gray Lies: Towards a Typology of ...
CriglCragl's user avatar
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4 votes

Do you gain further truth from syllogisms

Your criticism of syllogisms was made by John Stuart Mill. He put it slightly differently, but the point is similar. Mill's claim is that the syllogism, "All men are mortal; Socrates is a man; ...
Bumble's user avatar
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4 votes

Is to be able to describe something to be able to judge that it's true or not?

We should interpret "unicorns have four legs" as, "If unicorns were real, they would have four legs." This is an example of a counterfactual conditional; it says what would follow, ...
causative's user avatar
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4 votes

If philosophy is based on reason and rationality, then why is there so much disagreement?

Reason and rationality underpin life generally, yet disagreements are rife. Consider politics and economics, for instance: you would not last long in either field if you could not apply reason, yet ...
Marco Ocram's user avatar
  • 18.5k
3 votes

How is Truth Different From Reality?

Truth is a property of statements. Reality is not true, rather it is real. Only symbolic language can be true, when the meaning of those symbols is close enough to reality, ie when they don't ...
Olivier5's user avatar
  • 2,162
3 votes

Book request: A nosology of untruths

Let's make a list. Physiological issue. "Too drunk to fish." "Not so stunned as slow." Psychological issue. "Don't get me started!" "He crazy!" Religious fables....
Boba Fit's user avatar
  • 995
3 votes
Accepted

Would the imaginary unit be the truth-value of sentences formed using √𝐧𝐨𝐭?

I emailed Humberstone (the author of the SEP article I linked to in the OP) with this question, and he responded with a copy (lucky for me! I don't have a Springer account yet) this article about demi-...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
3 votes

Are there any stoic suggestions around dealing with unneeded hard truths and happy unknowing minds?

This is not only about belief and ethics. It is also about personal relationships. And not only between you and the person who is happy to use sausages without knowing how they work, but of a variety ...
Boba Fit's user avatar
  • 995
3 votes

Is seeking truth always preferred?

Objectivity is just reified intersubjectivity. Consider: money is socially constructed; is it then, purely subjective..? Obviously not! Morality and meaning are like that too. Sure it's bad to act as ...
CriglCragl's user avatar
  • 21.2k
3 votes

Is there a difference between believing something and behaving as if it were true?

Buying a lottery ticket does not imply that you believe that you will win (i.e. that you believe you have the ability to predict randomly selected numbers). There's no reason to equate the behavior of ...
Nuclear Hoagie's user avatar
3 votes

Confused On The Definition Of A Proposition

Philosophers use the term 'proposition' to mean several different things. The difference is so great, it is doubtful that it can mean all of them, so you would need to understand from the context ...
Bumble's user avatar
  • 24.2k
3 votes

Can a definition be true/false?

A definition means basically giving a name to the thing described in it. A definition is neither true nor false, it is more like an opinion: I would like to call that thing by this name. The thing ...
Pertti Ruismäki's user avatar

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