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34 votes

Is it ethical to convince someone to get vaccinated?

You approach the problem from the position that everyone knows and agrees on the safety and efficacy of the vaccine. But people don't refuse it because they wish to declare that they are selfish and ...
CriglCragl's user avatar
  • 22.3k
30 votes

Is it ethical to convince someone to get vaccinated?

When something has a label on it, it will influence how we think about it, even if the thing isn't what the label says. So I think it's important to define the terms in depth. Suppose a pharmaceutical ...
bobflux's user avatar
  • 529
26 votes
Accepted

Do humans have an ethical obligation to prevent animal on animal violence?

Not a terribly philosophical answer here... Animals in the wild are actually quite efficient at resource utilisation. For example, a lion kills a zebra, the pride eats enough food for them to last ...
Ralph Bolton's user avatar
19 votes

Do humans have an ethical obligation to prevent animal on animal violence?

I'll attempt to work within the lens of utilitarianism and against the idea that we hold any obligation: The possible implementations of such a plan to suppress the occurrence of hunting and violence ...
Oscar Wilde's Lover's user avatar
18 votes

For a utilitarian, is a lie morally equivalent to a mistake?

Since utilitarianism is meant for people who are not all-knowing, only the foreseeable consequences count. And a mistake and a lie do not differ only in intent, they also differ in what the person ...
Conifold's user avatar
  • 43.5k
14 votes

Multidimensional utility

It turns out that if a rational agent has a complete and consistent preference relation among possible outcomes, and uses this relation to choose between probabilistic outcomes, then the agent must ...
causative's user avatar
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13 votes
Accepted

For a utilitarian, is a lie morally equivalent to a mistake?

The evaluation of such a thing looks different under different utilitarian approaches. Act utilitarianism Act utilitarianism is a utilitarian theory of ethics which states that a person's act is ...
David Mulder's user avatar
12 votes

Is it ethical to convince someone to get vaccinated?

John Rawls discusses this subject, albeit briefly, in A Theory of Justice. The context is the issue of public goods, for example in light of the free-rider problem. The section is #42 (pg. 237 of the ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
10 votes

Is it ethical to legalize psychedelic drug therapy for the terminally ill?

Laws are not made on a cold calculation of harms. A range of social and political forces contend, and they will be different in different societies with different histories and legislative mechanisms. ...
CriglCragl's user avatar
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10 votes

What are valid rebuttals to utilitarianism?

(1) No, Spock's statement is not an expression of utilitarianism. (2) Here is a counterargument to utilitarianism: according to the definition you gave, if someone thinks it would be cool to commit a ...
David Gudeman's user avatar
9 votes

What are valid rebuttals to utilitarianism?

One answer the second question of the OP is the "mere addition paradox". To paraphrase, this concerns the fact that adding more people to a society can in some sense "increase ...
Yly's user avatar
  • 191
8 votes

I'm being drafted to the military but I have the option to refuse (legally), would it be immoral for me to serve?

Welcome, Mimikyu Your second and third paragraphs concern only a remote contingency, as you acknowledge. They are, I think it's safe to say, practically discountable. The position appears to be ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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8 votes
Accepted

Are emotional aspects considered in the utilitarian standard of morality?

According to Wikipedia: For instance, Jeremy Bentham, the founder of utilitarianism, described utility as "that property in any object, whereby it tends to produce benefit, advantage, pleasure, ...
tkruse's user avatar
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7 votes
Accepted

Is there a difference between utilitarianism and consequentialism?

In a nutshell, Anscombe considers utilitarianism to take account, in respect of consequences, solely of the actual consequences of actions. In contrast, consequentialism - a term which she introduced ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
  • 35.8k
6 votes

Do utilitarians believe that depressed people should be killed?

I'll assume you want to analyse this within a rule-utilitarian framework [*]. On that assumption, I think you can refute the proposition "rule utilitarianism implies depressed people should be killed" ...
edwkar's user avatar
  • 61
6 votes
Accepted

Why might one prefer rule utilitarianism over act utilitarianism?

A key question in ethics that came to the front in the 20th century is the distinction between metaethics and normative ethics. It's not a perfect distinction and tends to blur (constantly), but the ...
virmaior's user avatar
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6 votes
Accepted

In what way is everyone not a utilitarian

The difference is that a utilitarian who endorses inalienable rights can conceive of a world in which that endorsement ends up morally wrong, even if our actual world endorses inalienable rights. By ...
transitionsynthesis's user avatar
6 votes
Accepted

Does utilitarianism demand a 5 mph speed limit?

The standard Utilitarian reply here is "if there is more utility in a world with a 5 mph speed limit, then yes, there should be a 5 mph speed limit". In its simplest form, Utilitarianism just demands ...
Max Wallace's user avatar
5 votes
Accepted

As a Utilitarian why should I not kill myself to donate my organs and save a few other lives?

A lot is hidden in the claim that it improves the overall utility assuming we are all equal. There's several variants of Utilitarianism and these all fall within a larger family of consequentalist ...
virmaior's user avatar
  • 24.8k
5 votes

Do humans have an ethical obligation to prevent animal on animal violence?

Strictly utalitarian, you want to maximize the well-being of all. From this perspective, the misfortune of a few prey is easily outweighted by the advantages of the many. In addition to the predators,...
Tom's user avatar
  • 2,141
5 votes

Mill's Proof and Nozick's Experience Machine

Excellent question. J.S. Mill regarded the Greatest Happiness Principle as the moral truth. The principle states that "actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they ...
Nanhee Byrnes PhD's user avatar
5 votes
Accepted

Why is Utilitarianism called an unfalsifiable ethic?

John : welcome to PSE. I think your question connects with the older form of utilitarianism, closely associated with Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832), which assumed a form of deterministic psychological ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
  • 35.8k
5 votes

Is there any consequentialist moral theory aside from utilitarianism?

Yes, there are several extant such theories and an infinity of possible ones. In fact, just about any ethical theory can be recast as a consequentialist theory. This is because consequentialism is a ...
Dennis's user avatar
  • 4,632
5 votes

Is it ethical to convince someone to get vaccinated?

Two points... First, there is nothing immoral about trying to convince someone of some point. Political society in Liberal democratic nations depends of the ability of different people within the ...
Ted Wrigley's user avatar
  • 20.6k
5 votes

Is it ethical to legalize psychedelic drug therapy for the terminally ill?

Johns Hopkins Medical has been researching psychedelic drug therapy and have found this therapy to greatly reduce end of life anxiety in most of the terminally ill patients. See Psilocybin produces ...
Stevie C. 's user avatar
5 votes
Accepted

Harm Principle and the Trolley Case

The volenti non fit injuria maxim (who consents is not wronged) is quite distinct from the harm principle. First, it is a principle of law rather than morality, and second, if we were to search for ...
Conifold's user avatar
  • 43.5k
4 votes

How can one objectivley measure the nobility or value of a given pursuit?

First off, why does Mill make this claim? Historically, Mill makes this claim to avoid an objection to Jeremy Bentham's utilitarianism. Bentham views all pleasures as equal so if you get more pleasure ...
virmaior's user avatar
  • 24.8k
4 votes

How can one objectivley measure the nobility or value of a given pursuit?

First, keep in mind that the question of whether life as a professor affords a higher kind of pleasure than life as a programmer or a pornographer is one question. A different one is to ask which is ...
Colin McLarty's user avatar

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