5 votes

Discerning among ethics, morality, principles, virtues, and etiquette

Ethics and morality are often used by philosophers as synonyms. Some philosophers have suggested that we use the words in slightly different ways, where “ethics” would refer to a system describing ...
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5 votes
Accepted

Aristotle's Ethics - Moral Responsibility

A few thoughts on your question. First, the specific concept of "moral responsibility" is foreign to Aristotle's ethics. But it's not completely foreign; instead, he's going to look at people and ...
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4 votes

Are there any alternatives to the theory that virtues are the means between two vices?

The Greek word for virtue is arete. It is already used by Homer and applied to the heroes figthing at Troia but also to women. Socrates in Plato's early dialogues asks experts for a definition of ...
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4 votes

do virtue ethics, deontology, and consequentialism all just assume their sets of preferences?

This is an interesting question (or cluster of related questions), because it highlights the complexity of understanding both what ethics is and how different approaches to ethics "work." ...
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4 votes

How similar are Kantian Ethics to Virtue Ethics?

Kant is widely regarded as as "deontology personified" (Louden 1986, p. 473.) But if we widen our attention from the Groundwork and the Critique of Practical Reason to include his "virtue theory" (...
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3 votes

Are there any ethical/moral frameworks governing sexual behaviours? If so, what do they say?

The issues you list -- altruism, reciprocation, etc... -- are not specifically sexual, but are general ethical issues and therefore would be discussed outside of sex. Philosophers prefer general ...
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3 votes

Can AI have ethics?

According to mainstream theories in philosophy of mind, the mind can be explained as a mechanism. If you subscribe to such theories (I personally do not) then as a consequence you subscribe to the ...
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3 votes

Which philosopher maintained that virtue ethics, deontology and consequentialism can be reduced to each other?

There is an article by Marcia Baron in which she rejects the view that 'consequentialism, virtue ethics, and Kantian ethics form three distinct and competing ethical theories'. While this does not ...
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3 votes

Who else has explored the ‘cad problem’?

In general, what you're talking about probably falls best under Game Theory Ethics. This is the application of game theory to morality. (Game theory is the attempt to bring systematic analysis to ...
3 votes

Is it ethical to pursue one's own interests even at the expense of someone else's interests?

One of the under-appreciated aspects of moral theory is that morality is rarely (if ever) determined by the specific outcome of an event. Morality is determined by the relationship between the ...
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3 votes

How seriously is virtue ethics under attack by moral psychology?

It is a sensible point to argue that valid moral theorizing is constrained by empirical findings, though to what extent I do not know. Surely normative claims hold against empirical shortcomings, but ...
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How seriously is virtue ethics under attack by moral psychology?

The reason that Virtue Ethicists do not consider the experimental results to be refutations is because they do not actually test virtue ethics. Virtue ethics does not predict that virtuous people ...
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2 votes
Accepted

Is it possible that we have a branch of philosophy called philosophical finance in the future?

I would say yes to this. Issues of corporate citizenship and how companies should operate in there respective communities can be regarded as a issue of ethics in a certain way. It is interesting to ...
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2 votes

Is it possible that we have a branch of philosophy called philosophical finance in the future?

Short but serious answer: Can a nation print its way to prosperity? Since paper currency is a social abstraction, the relationship between the amount of paper money in circulation and the health of ...
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2 votes
Accepted

What moral theory can be used to illustrate that sex is permissible between consenting adults bound by love or comittment?

The obvious answer is to go with Epicurus: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ethics-ancient/#7 . You'll get a big boost by starting from the premise that pleasure is the highest good, and then all ...
2 votes

What do smaller honours mean in Aristotle's Nicomachean ethics?

By "honours" Aristotle may mean "rewards". Because he contrasts "honours" with "punishments": It is perhaps a necessary task for those who are investigating the nature of Virtue to draw out the ...
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2 votes

Are there any ethical/moral frameworks governing sexual behaviours? If so, what do they say?

I myself have wondered why I have come across so little discussion of sex among philosophers, especially since it seems to me that it would be a very serious question for ethics and philosophy of ...
2 votes
Accepted

What is the causal connection between virtues and eudaimonea in virtue ethics?

I'm going to suggest three things that might be contributing to the problem you're identifying. First due to the long course of history, the meaning of arete (translated as "virtue") in Aristotle is ...
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2 votes
Accepted

Is this argument, with roots in virtue ethics, valid?

Because the argument makes an explicit appeal to societal definitions of virtue, and does not attempt to claim an ontically objective one, it does seem to be valid and sound under those assumptions. ...
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How might we define morality or ethics such that we can program it into an Artificial Intelligence?

As a starting point, a system of AI morality would have to be deontological, because for it to be something you can implement as a program, it would have to be a clear cut set of rules, as opposed to ...
2 votes

Are there counter examples to Kant's perfect duties?

I personally like the idea that what we have perfect duties to acquire and exercise character traits such as generosity and benovolence, because it seems reasonably intuitive to say that we should ...
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2 votes

Is someone evil if they do the right thing?

People can ultimately only be judged by the things they actually do, not the things they think. It's completely possible for a person to believe themselves to be good and think good thoughts, but in ...
2 votes

What does it mean exactly to live a good life in a place like earth?

Early Buddhism can offer an awesome perspective into this problem. Buddhism goes beyond conventional interpretations of "good" and "bad" (but without ignoring them). Instead, it classifies ways of ...
2 votes

Is Virtue Ethics based on self-interest?

Virtue ethics - fixing the focus Virtue ethics is an approach emphasizing the centrality of the role of character traits (virtues), the possession of which is needed for persons to be good and to ...
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2 votes
Accepted

What would be virtue ethics' response to the stranger drowning problem?

It's certainly consistent with virtue ethics to save one's mother. Verdicts may differ among various virtue ethicists; the point is that there's not a unanimous consensus that virtue demands ...
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2 votes

What does MacIntyre mean by Aristotle's "metaphysical biology"?

An expert on Aristotle's ethics could give you a better answer, but since nobody else has taken a shot, I can give you a rough idea. Aristotle is concerned to answer the moral question, What is a good ...
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2 votes

Consequences of thinking nobody is like one's self

What does 'like' mean though. Intersubjectivity is the basis of communication that uses abstractions. See According to the major theories of concepts, where do meanings come from? But we each have a ...
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