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Thales of Miletus (c. 624 - c.546 BC) was a Presocratic Greek philosopher who used theories rather than mythologies to explain natural phenomena.
Niccolò Machiavelli (1469 – 1527) was an Italian diplomat, politician, historian and political philosopher. He is best known for his treatise 'The Prince' and expressed his most important thoughts on …
"an idea, behavior, or style that spreads from person to person within a culture." A meme acts as a unit for carrying cultural ideas, symbols, or practices that can be transmitted from one m…
literature about other literature, for example philosophy textbooks. Consider also the reference-request tag.
Avicenna or Ibn Sīnā (c. 980 – 1037) was a Persian polymath whose writings include 150 surviving works on philosophy. His philosophical works cover topics such as logic, ethics and metaphysics.
for posts referencing philosophers or their ideas, ancient or not, identified in some way, rightly or wrongly, as "sophists". Use the tag "fallacies" for questions regarding specific fall…
Charles Hartshorne (1897-2000) was an American philosopher associated with Whitehead and Peirce. He taught at the University of Chicago, Emory University and the University of Texas. He provided a mod…
Vedanta refers to the Indian Philosophy largely based upon commentaries on three principal scriptures of Bhagavad gītā, Brahma Sūtrās and The Canonical Upanishads.
a medieval philosopher. His most well-known work today is his Ontological Argument for God.