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Thales of Miletus (c. 624 - c.546 BC) was a Presocratic Greek philosopher who used theories rather than mythologies to explain natural phenomena.
Abū Ḥāmid Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad al-Ghazālī (c.1056–1111) was a Sunni philosopher who taught at Baghdad and Nishapur.
Avicenna or Ibn Sīnā (c. 980 – 1037) was a Persian polymath whose writings include 150 surviving works on philosophy. His philosophical works cover topics such as logic, ethics and metaphysics.
It was Nick Bostrom who coined the "simulation hypothesis" but the concept of a simulated universe touches upon many related ideas: from Descartes' "evil genius" to Edgar Allan Poe's "Dream within a d…
an American Philosophy professor teaching at Tufts University in Medford Massachusetts. Dennett is a progressive within philosophy of mind, science, and biology with strength in Athi…
literature about other literature, for example philosophy textbooks. Consider also the reference-request tag.
for posts referencing philosophers or their ideas, ancient or not, identified in some way, rightly or wrongly, as "sophists". Use the tag "fallacies" for questions regarding specific fall…
"an idea, behavior, or style that spreads from person to person within a culture." A meme acts as a unit for carrying cultural ideas, symbols, or practices that can be transmitted from one m…
Charles Hartshorne (1897-2000) was an American philosopher associated with Whitehead and Peirce. He taught at the University of Chicago, Emory University and the University of Texas. He provided a mod…
Rudolf Carnap (1891-1970) was a German philosopher who moved to the United States. He was a member of the Vienna Circle. He advocated logical positivism.