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a form of deductive reasoning described by Aristotle containing two premises and a conclusion. Each of the premises and the conclusion contain a subject and a predicate.
[St. Thomas Aquinas] (1225–1274), scholastic philosopher, Catholic theologian, and most famous commentator on Aristotle. [Thomism] is his school of thought. : http://plato.stanford.edu/e…
an ancient Greek school of philosophy founded at Athens by Zeno of Citium. The school taught that virtue, the highest good, is based on knowledge, and that the wise live in harmony with the divine Rea…
The philosophical view that only statements verifiable either logically or empirically would be cognitively meaningful.
For questions about the philosophical work of Jean-Paul Sartre (1950-1980), a French philosopher and novelist.
Baruch Spinoza or Benedict de Spinoza (1632 – 1677) was a Jewish-Dutch philosopher of Portuguese Sephardi origin.
Aristotle fathered virtue ethics, which has wide spread adoption, historically. The ethical view takes value in either the actions in themselves (Deontology) or the consequences of the act (consequent…
The position that only one's own existence can be demonstrated to exist (and that everything and everyone else cannot.)
The falsifiability of a hypothesis or statement, i.e. the inherent possibility of making observations that can prove the hypothesis wrong.