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Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712 – 1778) was a Genevan philosopher.
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Confucius (551–479 BC) was a Chinese philosopher and politician.
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David Lewis (1941–2001) was an important 20th century analytic philosopher who worked in many areas of philosophy, especially in metaphysics.
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John Dewey (1859-1952) was an American philosopher active in education and social reform. He taught at the University of Michigan, the University of Chicago and Columbia University. He is associated w…
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A political philosophy that advocates maximal individual liberty, strong property rights and a limited government. Not to be used for the libertarian position on free will.
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an inconsistency-tolerant logic. Such a logic is not explosive, that is, contradictory premises do not explode into triviality.
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an event attributed to a supernatural agent even if there is a naturalistic explanation for the event.
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Blaise Pascal (1623 – 1662) was a French mathematician and theologian.
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A philosophical zombie or p-zombie in the philosophy of mind and perception is a hypothetical being that is indistinguishable from a normal human being except in that it lacks conscious experience, qu…
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an English ethologist, evolutionary biologist and author, and is well known for his criticism of creationism and intelligent design.
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Pythagoras of Samos (c. 570 – c. 495 BC) was an Ionian Greek philosopher.
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Henri-Louis Bergson (1859-1941) was a French-Jewish philosopher. He received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1927.
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Problems of identity assuming exact copies
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Emmanuel Levinas was a Jewish philosopher during World War 2. He studied under Martin Heidegger. He wrote theories, that were divergent from common thought practices of the day, on ethics and ethical …