DBK
  • Member for 9 years, 10 months
  • Last seen more than a week ago
  • Konstanz, Germany
Why aren't creationism and natural science on the same intellectual level?
41 votes

The big picture of current evolutionary theory draws from many different fields, like biology, paleontology, geology, physics (radiometric dating) and chemistry. There is a strong consensus between ...

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How did first-order logic come to be the dominant formal logic?
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32 votes

The short answer (tl;dr) The relevant historical context to answer your question is the long quest of logic to provide foundations for all mathematics. Zermelo's axiomatic set theory displaced ...

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What are some good introductions to philosophy?
19 votes

I'd go with Simon Blackburn's Think: A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy (Cambridge University Press 1999). Here's the blurb: This is a book about the big questions in life: knowledge, ...

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Does Albert Einstein's interpretation of Ockham's razor violate it?
18 votes

The aphorism is obviously an example of surreal humor - the ascription to Einstein is somewhat shaky. I'd say that it has really nothing to do with Ockham's Razor and therefore cannot even be called a ...

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To what extent do we choose our beliefs?
18 votes

1) Regarding the question Are we free to choose our beliefs? Since you posted in a philosophy forum, I take it that you are not interested (only) in the empirical question pertaining to psychology....

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What is the origin of the Continental vs. Analytic divide?
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16 votes

I'd say it started around the 1950 and got off the ground around 1980 ;) That is to say, the divide as been introduced as a fighting word from the beginning; it is more about asserting the divide ...

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What is the difference between naturalism and materialism?
16 votes

Naturalism does not presuppose materialism In addition to and amending @commando's answer, it is of interest to note that naturalism does not presuppose materialism (or physicalism, as it is called ...

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Have there really been paradigm shifts?
13 votes

You seem to be puzzled by the fact that Newtonian mechanics was retained in a successive theory and that this somehow precludes incommensurability. It seems that you would think of incommensurable ...

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Understanding Bertrand Russell on agnosticism and atheism as self-descriptions
12 votes

The quotation is incomplete and Russell's thought is cut off right in the middle. The full quote by Russell continues thus: "… None of us would seriously consider the possibility that all the ...

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How much ethics did Machiavelli convey in The Prince?
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12 votes

No expert on the subject, waiting for some great answers myself. This is my take: I would sustain your interpretation. The claim that "learning to be able not to be good" is an ethical precept is ...

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What is modal logic for?
11 votes

Extending previous answers by ChaosAndOrder and Dennis… You seem to appreciate why "pure" logic (I take it that you mean classical first order logic) is useful in the context of mathematical logic, ...

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Is there really such a thing as art?
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10 votes

You seem to throw together two interesting, but distinct topics: The question about the existence of social facts. The question about what kind of semantics one should adopt when understanding how ...

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Should I learn logic before learning philosophy?
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9 votes

Should I really start with learning logic ? Every course of philosophical studies I know includes introductory classes to basic formal logic (syntax and semantics of propositional and predicate first-...

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What exactly is informal logic and is this what I'm looking for?
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9 votes

First, to dispel false conceptions: Informal logic is not the contrary of formal logic, at least for some established meanings of 'informal logic'. 'Formal logic' is usually reserved for the formal ...

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What is the relationship between philosophy and science?
9 votes

1. Philosophy isn't concerned with empirically testable theories In philosophy, while new theories must comply with existing theories, there is clearly much less [empirical] testing/retesting. This ...

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What is meant by 'practical logic' by Kant?
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8 votes

Kant's theoretical-practical distinction is not a Kantian innovation, but was customary at the time (and has been ever since in German speaking philosophy). Aristotle's legacy It is directly formed ...

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Is "Don't blame me; I voted for ___" a bad argument?
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8 votes

Your question seems simple, but is very complicated indeed! Instead of giving a complicated answer ;) I want to bring to your attention the problematic nature of an assumption in it, which I will ...

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Do Gödel's incompleteness theorems support the idea that the examination of a 'system' should only be undertaken to arrive at the inconsistency?
8 votes

If a statement is not provable an inconsistency or self-contradiction may or will develop that invalidates the system. That's not the case. You are somehow mixing together the first and the second ...

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Does an education that teaches relativism alone result in students who can not make ethical decisions?
8 votes

MMR taught in schools? I must concur with Michael Dorfman's answer: Your claim that the first point (let alone the others!) is factually taught in schools is false. So here we go into a debate about ...

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Identifying a specific fallacy in the "Primitive Amazon" meme
8 votes

I would argue that the image referenced simply cannot be classified as a argument, but is a figure of speech. (Beware, I am not implying here that arguments can't be employed as or in figures of ...

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Why did Islamic philosophy refer to the Stoic Philosophers as the 'pneumatics'?
7 votes

The term leads back to pneuma, a central concept in stoic metaphysics: In Stoic philosophy, pneuma (πνεῦμα) is the concept of the "breath of life," a mixture of the elements air (in motion) and ...

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Why did Wittgenstein read out loud metaphysical poetry to the Vienna Circle?
7 votes

The way your source puts it, is very misleading. Logical empiricists had nothing against "metaphysical poetry". This seems to be a recurring misunderstanding. Indeed, according to logical ...

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A Question Regarding Russell's Paradox
7 votes

Since R's 'objecthood' is primary, why doesn't it make sense to say that R can neither have the attributes is a member of R nor not-is a member of R correctly attributed to it? If this is the case ...

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Definabilty and Primitive Notions
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7 votes

I know that every language must have undefinable/primitive notions/concepts* but aside from within formal systems in logic, set theory, and mathematics have I seen one. Has anyone been able to prove ...

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What is the logical fallacy with having 11 fingers?
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6 votes

This is not a specific (argumentative) fallacy. It is a humorous conflation between the ordinal and the cardinal use of numbers, e.g. "the sixth finger" vs. "five fingers" in this case. As an aside: ...

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Is my understanding of the Transcendental Deduction correct?
6 votes

Your understanding of transcendental deduction (TD) is much broader than how Kant actually employs the term in his Critique of Pure Reason (CPR). TD is a much smaller step in Kant's outline of his ...

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Origin of the idea that something can't be proved, only disproved
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6 votes

Does anyone know if the idea that something can't be proved, only disproved has a specific origin? It was brought to prominence in modern philosophy of science by Karl Popper, who proposed ...

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Introduction to Hegel for a Marxist
6 votes

The site you link to (marxism.org) has lots of freely available material: Index of Marxists.org Hegel Archives Some Helpful Reference Materials from Marxists.org In particular you might want to have ...

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Motivations for dialetheism?
6 votes

Several answers have pointed out the affirmative reasons why dialetheism might be worth considering, implying that the chief motivation of dialetheism lies in the applicability to certain situations (...

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Is Philosophy formalisable?
6 votes

It has been noted in the preceding answers that attempts at formalization were made in the first part of the 20th century. This isn't really news in philosophy, for centuries philosophers tried to ...

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