Philip Klöcking
Moderator
  • Member for 6 years, 3 months
  • Last seen this week
  • Berlin, Germany
Why don't fair coin tosses "add up"? Or... is "gambler's fallacy" really valid?
27 votes

The convergence appears pretty quickly. This is your faulty assumption. It does apear pretty quickly. In most cases. But not at all every time. There are in some sense two layers of likelyhood: In ...

View answer
How could both Occam's Razor and complex theories like Quantum Mechanics be correct at the same time?
Accepted answer
27 votes

The more complex and numerous the phenomena that are to be explained, the more complex the theories with ever more necessary entities that have to be proclaimed for explaining them. Occam's Razor in ...

View answer
Should I respect other people's religions?
25 votes

I want to add something to the answer of @AlexanderSKing: The question may be reformulated as "Should I be dogmatic?". Dogmatism can be understood as stating a "truth" and not only defending it (by ...

View answer
Did Charles Darwin say anything on why life was formed in the first place?
21 votes

One has to keep apart different layers: a) abiogenesis (the emergence of life) vs. evolution (the development of existing life over generations) and b) the incompatibility of biblical accounts of the ...

View answer
Should we pay for the errors of our ancestors?
Accepted answer
19 votes

You are mixing two questions here. There is the quote about historical revisionism and there is the reparation (compensation) payment by the Jesuit order they feel compelled to. The intersection ...

View answer
How can substance dualism survive the arguments from neuroscience?
Accepted answer
17 votes

Disclaimer: None of the ontological positions detailed is my own. 1. Neurosciences and the category mistake: a first take As Peter Reynaert puts it in Reynaert, P. (2015): "Neuroscientific ...

View answer
What essential properties make us human?
14 votes

Introductory remarks This is subject to debate and there is no definite answer. The general consensus is that no definite set of properties can possibly be given and if it is done, these sets are ...

View answer
Is it better to read Kant in English or Italian?
Accepted answer
13 votes

It's not necessarily the language, but the edition you should keep an eye on. As I wrote here, translations of Kant are problematic in and of themselves, partly because even German native speakers ...

View answer
Does Aristotle ever explicitly refer to man as a "rational animal"?
Accepted answer
13 votes

Kind of. The obvious As animal sociale is the Latin, especially Scholastic translation of zoon politikon, just as animal rationale is the translation of ζῷον λόγον ἔχον, zōon logon ekhon, he ...

View answer
Is this argument a deduction or induction?
13 votes

Even if it was (by transplant) "a cat's tail" (phenomenological), it would still be Gabriel's tail (i.e. the tail of Gabriel, possessive/as a predicate), and since Gabriel is a wolf, it would be the ...

View answer
How did Kant define knowledge?
Accepted answer
11 votes

Key text here may be On opinion, knowledge and belief, CPR B 848-859. There is conviction [Überzeugung]. It is the subjective part necessary for knowledge: Taking something to be true is an ...

View answer
What does Nietzsche refer to with the "backworldsmen"?
Accepted answer
10 votes

I answer with the authority of being a native German speaker and having graduated in philosophy ;) Back-world is a bad translation here. Presumably, the translator has mistaken the term "...

View answer
What did Heidegger get wrong about Hölderlin?
Accepted answer
10 votes

Long story short: This has already been done by scholars, but... See e.g. (and for further reading and sources) Gosetti-Ferencei, Jennifer Anna. Heidegger, Hölderlin, and the subject of poetic ...

View answer
How can Hegel call philosophy a science?
Accepted answer
10 votes

I think (and I broadly agree here with Eckart Förster, whose book The Twenty-Five Years of Philosophy will be quoted here for reference) that Hegel roughly follows Kant's understanding of science. ...

View answer
Did Kant come to believe that we have access to things-in-themselves after all?
Accepted answer
9 votes

TL;DR: No, he did not! To be precise, things-in-themselves may be objects of thought, i.e. abstract concepts of the realm of logic, and therefore concepts of transcendental philosophy as logically ...

View answer
What did Kant mean by 'courtesy of the heart'?
Accepted answer
8 votes

To begin with, Kant himself did not speak about courtesy of the heart [Höflichkeit des Herzens] in any of his texts. I made a full-text search in German on the Academy Edition over all 23 volumes - ...

View answer
What is Kant's effect on modern culture, beyond philosophy?
8 votes

His main impact may be through the notion of human dignity. I have recently talked to a professor that stated that this term is very vivid in Germany because of the strong kantian tradition, while ...

View answer
Enchiridion, 16: Does a stoic moan, or not?
Accepted answer
7 votes

TL;DR The Stoic way includes empathetic reactions, i.e. groaning/moaning outwardly, in moments of shock. Both because it is a natural reaction even the perfect sage cannot help against and because he ...

View answer
Did Nietszche say "all human institutions are intended to prevent mankind from feeling their life"?
Accepted answer
6 votes

The answer to the title question is: Yes (kind of)! Well, I'd translate differently. Actually, the "quote" in that book is a very loose paraphrase: The original in German from his Untimely ...

View answer
Should I learn German to read Kant's Critique of Pure Reason in German?
6 votes

I have some points for you to consider: 1) The English translations I have read so far were trying to get the thought, but actually did miss it from time to time. That's a big problem when reading ...

View answer
Kant's universalization explained, How does one universalize a thing?
Accepted answer
6 votes

What is a maxim? Jens Timmermann argues in his not translated book "Sittengesetz und Freiheit" (DeGruyter, 2003), Chapter IV, that there are at least three different senses in which Kant ...

View answer
Why does Adorno prefer to use the term “morality” rather than “ethics”
Accepted answer
6 votes

Adorno's practical philosophy stands in the tradition of (and in opposition to) Kantian moral philosophy: It is about freedom and rational reasons, not simply habits or social rules. Historically, ...

View answer
Refuting Solipsism
6 votes

There are philosophers suggesting exactly that. To quote the promotion text of the recent book What Do Philosophers Do?: Skepticism and the Practice of Philosophy by Penelope Maddy (Oxford, New York: ...

View answer
Why is there only one Categorical Imperative?
Accepted answer
6 votes

I will try to reconstruct the argument of both the first and second section in detail, as they differ slightly. I freely admit that the argument in the first section is a bit obscure and seems ...

View answer
Plato books for a philosophy newcomer
Accepted answer
6 votes

Original. As long as you are interested in a specific author, always the orignial (although for some there might be reading groups/seminars necessary, like Kant, Hegel, Foucault, etc. - but that is ...

View answer
How is Kant's transcendental idealism related to Berkeley's subjective idealism?
Accepted answer
6 votes

There is a very good and well-sourced article on Kant's refutation of Idealism on SEP. As the answer in this question tried to say, it is essentially about an objective foundation of time. From the ...

View answer
Must Kant's a priori concepts of Space and Time be known to us before the 12 pure Categories of the Understanding?
6 votes

Kant goes through our three faculties of knowledge (Sensuousness, Understanding, Reason) in the Transcendental Aesthetics, Analytics and Dialectics. In every faculty he is searching for perceptions a ...

View answer
What is the difference between ethics and morals?
5 votes

I want to offer reliable sources (as asked for) for both the equity as well as commonly understood differences between ethics and morals. Please keep in mind that some authors do define their usage ...

View answer
How is the most mainstream metaphysical view different from Kantian metaphysics?
Accepted answer
5 votes

What is the "mainstream metaphysical view"? According to the only more or less reliable source I am aware of, which is the PhilPapers survey of philosophy professionals, the mainstream view ...

View answer
An sich and Für sich (in itself and for itself)
5 votes

Sebastian Gardner compiled a Hegel glosssary which is extremely useful if one is looking for concise definitions as a starter. I doubt that you will find many definitions to match your criteria better ...

View answer
1
2 3 4 5
9